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Citizenship Unit 2
This covers the majority of the material but be sure to review notes. Also, can you give examples of rights, responsibilities, and duties?
Terms in this set (27)
Five freedoms: speech, religion, press, petition, and assembly
guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies and the right of individuals to bear arms.
No quartering of soldiers during peace or war time without your consent
Protects Americans against unreasonable searches and seizures. No soldier, Gov agent, or police can search your home without a search warrant or probably cause
Protects the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without the due process of law.
Protects individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to lawyer, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
Right to trial by jury in civil cases
protection against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states; reinforces the concept of federalism
a change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments to the Constitution
things that you are allowed to do because of nature (Ex. life, liberty,property) or law ( Ex. Freedom of speech, religion, press)
things you SHOULD do (Ex. vote, participate in government, stay informed)
things you HAVE to do; not following results in punishment (Ex. jury duty, obey laws)
life, liberty, and property as explained by natural rights (John Locke)
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
Civil War amendments
Also know as the 13,14,15 Amendments. The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery. The 14th guaranteed citizenship to former slavers. The 15th declared that states may not deny the vote of any citizen on the basis of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Prohibition amendment of 1919 that made illegal the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages.
repealed the eighteenth amendment due to enforcement issues
Granted women the right to vote in 1920
amendment that changed the legal voting age from 21 to 18
Process of naturalization
Be over 18 years old, permanent resident for 5 years, exhibit character, speak English, and pass a civics test/interview
right to vote
the process that allows immigrants to become citizens
U. S. Constitution
The document that describes the basic laws and principles by which the United States is governed.