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Lenski's term for the changes that occur as a society acquires new technology
large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources
major spheres of social life, or societal subsystems, organized to meet human needs
Marx's term for explanations of social problems as the shortcomings of individuals rather than as the flaws of society
conflict between entire classes over the distribution of a society's wealth and power
Marx's term for workers' recognition of themselves as a class unified in oppostition to capitalists and, ultimately, to capitalism itself
a way of thinking that emphasizes deliberate, matter-of-fact calculation of the most efficient means to accomplish a particular task
rationalization of society
Weber's term for the historical change from tradition to rationality as the dominant mode of human thought
Durkheim's designation of a condition in which a society provides little moral guidance to individuals
Durkheim's term for social bonds based on common sentiments and shared moral values that are strong among members of preindustrial societies
Durkheim's term for social bonds based on specialization and interdependence that are strong among members of industrial societies
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