26 terms

Arable Land-Mental Map

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Arable Land
Land suitable for agriculture
Arithmetic Density
The ratio of the number of objects (or people) in a given land area
Absolute Location
The position or place of a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, 0° to 90° north or south of the equator, and longitude, 0° to 180° east or west of the Prime Meridian passing through Greenwich, England.
Built Environment
The man made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelter to neighborhoods to the large-scale civic surroundings.
Cartography
The art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns
Climate
The long-term average weather condition at a particular location
Concentration
The spread of something over a given area (Clustered aka agglomerated? Dispersed aka scattered?)
Conservation
The sustainable management of a natural resource
Contagious Diffusion
The rapid widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population (Subset of Expansion Diffusion)
Cultural Ecology
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships
Cultural Landscape
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the natural landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants.
Culture
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition
Density
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area (how does this differ from "concentration"?)
Diffusion
The process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time
Distance Decay
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
Distribution
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
Ecology
The scientific study of ecosystems
Environmental Determinism
A nineteenth and early twentieth century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities
Expansion Diffusion
The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
Formal/Uniform Region
(also known as homogeneous region) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Friction of Distance
This concept is based on the notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort, money, and/or energy to overcome. Because of this "friction," spatial interactions will tend to take place more often over shorter distances; quantity of interaction will decline with distance.
Functional/Nodal Region
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. (Activities focused around a node and spread out from this node)
Globalization
The intensification of worldwide interconnectedness associated with the increased speed and magnitude of cross-border flows of trade, investment, and finance, and processes of migration, cultural diffusion, and communication
Hearth
The region from which innovative ideas originate
Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places (Subset of Expansion Diffusion)
Mental Map
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where the place is located.
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