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AP Psych Vocab Ch. 8
Terms in this set (30)
An internal drive or need for achievement that is possessed by all individuals to varying degrees
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone or androsterone, that controls the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics
A statement put forth and supported by evidence.
a belief that something is true without proof
individuals who are sexually attracted to both genders
Body mass index (BMI)
standard measure of obesity based on body weight adjusted for height
Culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviors are appropriate to display
a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience
sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males and contributing to female sex characteristics. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
Galvanic skin response (GSR)
An increase in the electrical conductivity of the skin that occurs when sweat glands increase their activity.
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.
neurons sensitive to glucose in the surrounding fluid. Glucostatic theory proposed that fluctuations in blood glucose level are monitored in the brain by glucostats.
An effect that occurs when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point, or baseline for comparison, changes.
Persons who seek emotional-sexual relationships with members of the opposite sex.
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.
Persons who seek emotional-sexual relationships with people of the same sex.
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.
A device that records autonomic fluctuations while a subject is questioned, in an effort to determine whether the subject is telling the truth.
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
condition of having excess body fat resulting in being greatly overweight
The resources, including time, physical effort, and risk to life that a parent spends in procreation and in the feeding, nurturing and protecting offspring
a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes).
The reasons presented to persuade someone that a conclusion is true or probably true.
a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
The idea that weight tends to drift around a level at which the constellation of factors that determine food consumption and energy expenditure achieve an equilibrium.
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex (homosexual orientation) or the other sex (heterosexual orientation).
self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate people's quality of life.
In the sexual response cycle, engorgement of the blood vessels, particularly in the genital area, due to increased blood flow
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