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14 terms

9th Grade Biology-CELL ORGANELLES

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lysosome
aids in digestion, breaks down old cell parts
chloroplast
converts sunlight into useable energy for the (plant) cell
ribosome
made up of RNA and protein, makes proteins
rough e.r
site of protein synthesis
smooth e.r
detoxifies the cell and creates the cell membrane
cell wall
provides another form of protection and support for the cell, only found in plants, more rigid than the cell membrane
vacuole
stores water, food, and waste
cytoskeleton
creates the cell shape and structure
nucleolus
where ribosomes are made
golgi apparatus
used for packaging and transportation of material in the cell
mitochondria
converts energy into a compound that the cell can use, known as the powerhouse of the cell
nucleus
contains genetic information
nuclear envelope
surrounds the nucleus and has pores that RNA can pass through
cell membrane
protects and supports the cell, semi-permeable