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22 terms

Chapter 9 Criminal Justice

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Murder
the felonious killing of one human being by another with malice aforethought
nonnegligent manslaughter
the killing of a human being without premeditation but with the intention to kill in the "heat of the moment," such as under high emotional states of anger or passion
negligent manslaughter
the unlawful killing of another through reckless or negligent behavior, without intention to kill
aggravated assault
inflicting, or attempting to inflict, bodily injury on another person, with the intent to inflict serious injury
reactive violence
hot blooded, emotionally charged, and enacted quickly for the purpose of harming a perceived provocateur or defending oneself
proactive violence
cold blooded, non-emotional, and premeditated aggression for the purpose of personal gain, such as a robbery or bullying
Munchausen syndrome by proxy
an unusual form of child abuse in which the parent (usually the mother), or parents, consistently bring a child for medical attention with symptoms falsified or directly induced by the parent or parents
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS)
a form of child abuse in which an adult (usually male) shakes a baby so hard that it causes significant brain damage or death
Infanticide
although this term literally means the killing of an infant, it has become synonymous with the killing of a child by a parent
Neonaticide
The killing of a newborn, usually under 48 hours
Filicide
Killing of one's child older than one year
Intimate partner violence
crimes committed against persons by their current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends
Battered woman syndrome
a cluster of behavioral and psychological characteristics believed common to women who have been abused in relationships
Eldercide
the killing of an older person, usually over 60
Siblicide
the killing of one's brother or sister
Patricide
the killing of a parent
Matricide
the killing of one's mother
Soroicide
the killing of one's sister
Fratricide
the killing of one's brother
Parricide
the killing of a parent
Multiassaultive families
a nuclear family (traditional or nontraditional) characterized by multiple incidents of violence involving more than one perpetrator
Coercion theory
the belief that punitive and coercive tactics employed by parents will increase the likelihood of later aggressive behavior and family violence