Most Common English Words (Set 1)

Terms in this set (2000)

adj. debased; not genuine; illegitimate; having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense); not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; serving as or forming a base; noun a support or foundation; place that runner must touch before scoring; (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector; installation from which a military force initiates operations; a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; the principal ingredient of a mixture; the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end; (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; the bottom or lowest part; (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; lowest support of a structure; the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area; the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; a lower limit; a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries; the most important or necessary part of something; verb use as a basis for; found on; assign to a station; use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
adj. very tired; noun the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing; a stroke or blow; a regular rate of repetition; the sound of stroke or blow; a regular route for a sentry or policeman; a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations; the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse; the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart; a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior; verb come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression; hit repeatedly; strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting; strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music; stir vigorously; shape by beating; produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly; make by pounding or trampling; move rhythmically; indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks; sail with much tacking or with difficulty; move with a flapping motion; move with a thrashing motion; glare or strike with great intensity; avoid paying; be superior; wear out completely; be a mystery or bewildering to; beat through cleverness and wit; move with or as if with a regular alternating motion; make a rhythmic sound; make a sound like a clock or a timer
noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides); housing in a large building that is divided into separate units; an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension; a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit; a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted; a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements; a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine; a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope; verb shape into a block or blocks; shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block; stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block; interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia; run on a block system; prohibit the conversion or use of (assets); be unable to remember; interfere with or prevent the reception of signals; impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball); block passage through; render unsuitable for passage; obstruct; shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of; stop from happening or developing
noun an escape from jail; a sudden dash; an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving; the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool; an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion); an unexpected piece of good luck; the occurrence of breaking; any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare; the act of breaking something; a pause from doing something (as work); a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity; (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other; breaking of hard tissue such as bone; a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something; verb weaken or destroy in spirit or body; diminish or discontinue abruptly; fall sharply; be broken in; crack; of the male voice in puberty; render inoperable or ineffective; become separated into pieces or fragments; destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; happen; prevent completion; change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another; come into being; find the solution or key to; find a flaw in; undergo breaking; interrupt the flow of current in; be released or become known; of news; pierce or penetrate; become punctured or penetrated; break a piece from a whole; go to pieces; ruin completely; separate from a clinch, in boxing; make the opening shot that scatters the balls; destroy the completeness of a set of related items; exchange for smaller units of money; force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up; curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves; emerge from the surface of a body of water; scatter or part; make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing; move away or escape suddenly; change directions suddenly; invalidate by judicial action; interrupt a continued activity; cause the failure or ruin of; happen or take place; come forth or begin from a state of latency; give up; cause to give up a habit; vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity; come to an end; fracture a bone of; make submissive, obedient, or useful; become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; terminate; lessen in force or effect; stop operating or functioning; cease an action temporarily; make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret; surpass in excellence; do a break dance; break down, literally or metaphorically; reduce to bankruptcy; assign to a lower position; reduce in rank; discontinue an association or relation; go different ways; act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises; enter someone's property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act; fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns
noun (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee; a visit in an official or professional capacity; a brief social visit; a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue a particular course; a telephone connection; an instruction that interrupts the program being executed; a request; a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty"; a demand for a show of hands in a card game; the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring his margin up to the minimum requirement; verb rouse somebody from sleep with a call; consider or regard as being; challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of; utter in a loud voice or announce; order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity, work, role; order or request or give a command for; lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal; get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone; order, request, or command to come; declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee; challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge with or censure for an offense; require the presentation of for redemption before maturation; ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that reflects a quality; utter a characteristic note or cry; send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone, etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message; read aloud to check for omissions or absentees; indicate a decision in regard to; give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance; demand payment of (a loan); call a meeting; invite or command to meet; make a stop in a harbour; stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad weather; utter a sudden loud cry; make a prediction about; tell in advance; assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to; make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; pay a brief visit; greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name
noun the act of carrying something; verb continue or extend; include, as on a list; sing or play against other voices or parts; serve as a means for expressing something; pass on a communication; be successful in; win in an election; secure the passage or adoption (of bills and motions); cover a certain distance or advance beyond; have a certain range; be able to feed; drink alcohol without showing ill effects; bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of; propel or give impetus to; bear (a crop); include as the content; broadcast or publicize; pursue a line of scent or be a bearer; transfer (a number, cipher, or remainder) to the next column or unit's place before or after, in addition or multiplication; capture after a fight; have on the surface or on the skin; take further or advance; compensate for a weaker partner or member by one's own performance; extend to a certain degree; win approval or support for; be equipped with (a mast or sail); be necessarily associated with or result in or involve; have or possess something abstract; keep up with financial support; have with oneself; have on one's person; be conveyed over a certain distance; have as an inherent or characteristic feature or have as a consequence; be pregnant with; propel, "Carry the ball"; move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body; support or hold in a certain manner; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; transfer (entries) from one account book to another; have on hand; behave in a certain manner; contain or hold; have within
noun the act of catching an object with the hands; a cooperative game in which a ball is passed back and forth; a fastener that fastens or locks a door or window; a restraint that checks the motion of something; a drawback or difficulty that is not readily evident; a break or check in the voice (usually a sign of strong emotion); anything that is caught (especially if it is worth catching); a person regarded as a good matrimonial prospect; the quantity that was caught; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); verb contract; delay or hold up; prevent from proceeding on schedule or as planned; be struck or affected by; grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of; discover or come upon accidentally, suddenly, or unexpectedly; catch somebody doing something or in a certain state; become aware of; be the catcher; cause to become accidentally or suddenly caught, ensnared, or entangled; spread or be communicated; take hold of so as to seize or restrain or stop the motion of; take in and retain; attract and fix; apprehend and reproduce accurately; reach in time; suffer from the receipt of; perceive with the senses quickly, suddenly, or momentarily; hear, usually without the knowledge of the speakers; perceive by hearing; get or regain something necessary, usually quickly or briefly; check oneself during an action; start burning; detect a blunder or misstep; catch up with and possibly overtake; succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase; to hook or entangle; reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot; capture as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping; attract; cause to be enamored; see or watch
adj. equally distant from the extremes; of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually; noun a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game; the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play; the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game; a building dedicated to a particular activity; a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process; the object upon which interest and attention focuses; the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering; politically moderate persons; centrists; the middle of a military or naval formation; a place where some particular activity is concentrated; a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure; an area that is approximately central within some larger region; (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback; (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team; (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team; the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher; mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; verb move into the center; direct one's attention on something; center upon
noun a impetuous rush toward someone or something; a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time; heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield; (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense; request for payment of a debt; a person committed to your care; the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons; the price charged for some article or service; financial liabilities (such as a tax); a special assignment that is given to a person or group; attention and management implying responsibility for safety; an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence; a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something; the swift release of a store of affective force; (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object; verb saturate; energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge; cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on; set or ask for a certain price; instruct or command with authority; instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence; impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against; make an accusatory claim; file a formal charge against; to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle; direct into a position for use; fill or load to capacity; place a heraldic bearing on; lie down on command, of hunting dogs; pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt; demand payment; enter a certain amount as a charge; attribute responsibility to; provide with munition; cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; move quickly and violently; give over to another for care or safekeeping; cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution; assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
noun the act of inspecting or verifying; (chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king; obstructing an opponent in ice hockey; a textile pattern of squares or crossed lines (resembling a checkerboard); a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something; the bill in a restaurant; a written order directing a bank to pay money; the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess; something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress; an appraisal of the state of affairs; additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.; the state of inactivity following an interruption; verb make cracks or chinks in; arrest the motion (of something) abruptly; slow the growth or development of; examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition; put a check mark on or near or next to; verify by consulting a source or authority; write out a check on a bank account; place into check; hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; decline to initiate betting; mark into squares or draw squares on; draw crossed lines on; stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution; stop in a chase especially when scent is lost; abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey, of falcons; hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping; consign for shipment on a vehicle; make an examination or investigation; block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey; be verified or confirmed; pass inspection; become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control; be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics
adj. of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne; clear to the mind; free from cloudiness; allowing light to pass through; free from confusion or doubt; free from clouds or mist or haze; characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving; clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible; (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law; free from contact or proximity or connection; easily deciphered; clear of charges or deductions; affording free passage or view; free from flaw or blemish or impurity; characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt); accurately stated or described; freed from any question of guilt; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications; adv. completely; in an easily perceptible manner; noun the state of being free of suspicion; a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water; verb free (the throat) by making a rasping sound; remove; make a way or path by removing objects; remove the occupants of; remove (people) from a building; rid of instructions or data; make clear, bright, light, or translucent; make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear; settle, as of a debt; pass an inspection or receive authorization; pass by, over, or under without making contact; go away or disappear; sell; be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts; clear from impurities, blemishes, pollution, etc.; free from payment of customs duties, as of a shipment; rid of obstructions; grant authorization or clearance for; pronounce not guilty of criminal charges; earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages; make as a net profit; yield as a net profit; go unchallenged; be approved; become clear
noun fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on your own individuals or formations; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it; a false identity and background (especially one created for an undercover agent); a recording of a song that was first recorded or made popular by somebody else; the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book; bedding that keeps a person warm in bed; a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something; covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container); a natural object that covers or envelops; a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink; verb clothe, as if for protection from the elements; protect by insurance; maintain a check on; especially by patrolling; deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression; hold within range of an aimed firearm; protect or defend (a position in a game); be responsible for guarding an opponent in a game; play a higher card than the one previously played; form a cover over; provide with a covering or cause to be covered; spread over a surface to conceal or protect; hide from view or knowledge; be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of; to take an action to protect against future problems; help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities; invest with a large or excessive amount of something; make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities; provide for; span an interval of distance, space or time; sit on (eggs); be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism; put something on top of something else; copulate with a female, used especially of horses; cover as if with a shroud; travel across or pass over; include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
adj. with parts removed; separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp edge or instrument; (of pages of a book) having the folds of the leaves trimmed or slit; fashioned or shaped by cutting; mixed with water; (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply; wounded by cutting deeply; (of a male animal) having the testicles removed; (used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement or machine; made neat and tidy by trimming; noun an unexcused absence from class; the act of reducing the amount or number; the act of shortening something by choping off the ends; the act of cutting something into parts; the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge; the division of a deck of cards before dealing; (sports) a stroke that puts reverse spin on the ball; a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or excavation; a canal made by erosion or excavation; the style in which a garment is cut; a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact disc; (film) an immediate transition from one shot to the next; a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass; a share of the profits; a wound made by cutting; a step on some scale; in baseball; a batter's attempt to hit a pitched ball; a refusal to recognize someone you know; the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage; a remark capable of wounding mentally; verb grow through the gums; have grow through the gums; cease, stop; have a reducing effect; dissolve by breaking down the fat of; weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of; penetrate injuriously; fell by sawing; hew; reap or harvest; hit (a ball) with a spin so that it turns in the opposite direction; separate with or as if with an instrument; divide a deck of cards at random into two parts to make selection difficult; make an incision or separation; allow incision or separation; function as a cutting instrument; style and tailor in a certain fashion; perform or carry out; form or shape by cutting or incising; form by probing, penetrating, or digging; create by duplicating data; record a performance on (a medium); make a recording of; stop filming; make an abrupt change of image or sound; pass through or across; pass directly and often in haste; move (one's fist); give the appearance or impression of; discharge from a group; intentionally fail to attend; cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses); cut and assemble the components of; lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; cut down on; make a reduction in; refuse to acknowledge; make out and issue; cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; turn sharply; change direction abruptly; be able to manage or manage successfully