Japan Invades Wake Island December 11. Failed first attempt, US Maarines surrender on second attempt
Japanese Capture os the Philippines
Japan bombed Clark Field a US air base and destoryed almost half of it. US withdraws to the Bataan Peninsula where they are stuck with only hope of being captured, and running low of resources
Bataan Death March
The US Soldiers still on the Bataan Peninsula are taken on a death march 60 miles to a railway junctions where they were taken to work camps with random beatings and killings
Responsible for the care of the soldiers in the death camps. Executed in 1945 for war crimes.
Way of the Warrior. Japanese lived by this code which stressed loyalty and honor to their empire until death
Name given to the American Volunteer Group (AVG) by the chinese. Most Important weapon was the P-40 Tomahawk
January 1942 Doolittle was put in command of a secret mission to train the B-25 Mitchells to launch off the USS Hornet and bomb the Japanese Homeland. The planes were detected too early and most planes were forced to crash in China
Battle of the Coral Sea
May 7 The fall of Dutch East Indies gave Japan a straight shot to Australia. Japan damaged the Yorktown and destroy the Lexington. US destroy Shoho, Damaged Shokaku, and destroyed most planes from the Zuikaku. Stopped invasion of Port Morseby and Australia)
Battle of Midway
Turning point of the war. Japan planned to destroy the US fleet by tricking them into fighting at Midway. The Japanese coade (JN-25) was broken in time to stop the invasion.
Strategic military strategy of choosing certain enemy islands that are essential and bypassing others
Admiral William "Bull" Halsey
Commander in charge of pushing through to the Solomon Islands. Worked with Chester Nimitz
Part of the Gilbert Islands. November 23, Tarwana is secured by US under command of Nimitz at a high cost
Located in the Marianas Islands. Civilians in the city of Saipan commited Mass Sucicide instead of being captured. Saipan was secured on July 9.
The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot
Battle of the Philippines. US gained control of air and sea during this battle.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Largest naval battle. Americans destroy the Japanese Navy and it is the last battle that Japan can conduct a large scale operation in the war.
Liberation of the Philippines
January 9, the US forces invade Luzon, Bataan, Corrigedor, and Clark Field, which are all quickly taken. Battle for the capital Manila. Battle continued until the end of the war.
Photo of US Marines holding a flag on op of this mountain symbolized the struggle of the soldiers.
Meaning Ten Thousand Years. The Japanese screamed this as they charged to their death trying to kill as many people as they can.
Battle of Okinawa
350 Miles aways from Japan's homeland, Okinawa was the last obsticle before the invasion of Japan. Fighting ended on June 21 with the city secured.
Wrote a letter to FDR saying that Germany was on the verge of creating an incredibly powerful bomb.
Four other Possibilities
Massive Invasion of Japan
Create a Blockade to Cut off all supplies and starve them
Lower the surrendering demands
Demonstrating the bomb in hopes they surrender
Marry S. Truman
Became president 3 months before and had no idea of the bomb. Decided to use the bomb because it was a military weapon and should be used as such.
Second city bombed with a nuclear bomb. Nagasaki wasn't supposed to be the next city bombed, but all other cities ahead of it on the list was too bad weather wise.