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31 terms

Cold War and South Africa

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D. F. Malan
first leader of the National Party, began apartheid
Native Land Act
restricted blacks to a certain area of South African territory
African National Congress
first formed as protest against apartheid, then became leading party in 1994 elections
Bantu Education Act
created separate education system for blacks
Great Trek
migration of Boers away from British
Hendrik Verwoerd
Prime Minister of South Africa, banned ANC, started the Pass Laws
Frederick Willem de Klerk
last last president of apartheid, helped end it
Pass Laws
restricted movement of blacks
Desmond Tutu
voice of South Africa, won Nobel Peace Prize
five countries permanently in UN security council
U.S., Russia, Great Britain, France, China
Marshall Plan
massive aid package to rebuild Europe
Helmut Kohl
helped fully unify the two Germany's
Geneva Peace Accords
Peace Treaty between French and Vietnamese
Ngo Dinh Diem
president of GVN
Ho Chi Minh
later leader of DRV
White Paper
1961 report which criticized the NLF
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
gave president Johnson broad war powers to invade Vietnam
Operation Rolling Thunder
bombing missions on Vietnam executed by the U.S. from 1960-64
Paris Peace Agreement
peace treaty between U.S. and North VIetnam
Dien Bien Phu
decisive battle between French and Vietnam, victory for Vientnamese
Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet ruler who wanted to be less harsh than Stalin, but still had very strong government control
Leonid Brezhnev
USSR leader, in his rule bureaucracy incresed and the economy greatly declined
Brezhnev Doctrine
declared that the Soviet Union and its allies had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever they saw the need.
Salt Treaties
temporarily froze U.S.-Soviet nuclear weapon buildup
Velvet Revolution
mass protests in Czechoslovakia, led by students, resulted in resignation of communist government there
Yuri Andropov
ruled Russia for 2 years, tried to boost economy
Mikhail Gorbachev
Russian leader who tried to end Cold War tension, slowly dismantled communism
Goulash Communism
name given to Khrushchev's style of rule, a little more lenient than Stalins
glasnost
openness
perestroika
restructured government and economy
Boris Yelstin
set up and became president of the first Russian Republic, completely threw away communism