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process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
organism that makes its own food and produces organic molecules that serve as food for other organisms in its ecosystem
chemical process that uses oxygen to convert energy in organic molecules into ATP
consists of a nitrogen containing compound called adenine and a five-carbon sugar called ribose
the splitting in half of a glucose molecule; the first stage of cellular respiration and fermentation
stage of cellular respiration that finishes the breakdown of pruvic acid molecules to carbon dioxide, releasing energy
protein structure in a cell mitochondria that uses energy from H+ ions to convert ADP to ATP
1. calcium ions are released from cell
2. tropomyosin falls off of actim
3. ATP bonds to mysosin head to make it change shape
4. ADP causes it to bond with the actim and pulls it shorter
5. releases ADP
muscle contraction steps
electron transport chain
sequence of electron carrier molecules that transfer electrons and release energy during cellular respiration
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