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physical activity

any form of bodily movement that uses up energy


the smooth and effective working together of your muscles and bones


the feeling of stability and control over your body


unites of heat that measure the energy available in foods

physical fitness

the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life without becoming overly tired


planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one's fitness

aerobic exercise

rhythmic, nonstop, moderate to vigorous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen

anaerobic exercise

intense physical activity that requires little oxygen but uses short bursts of energy

heart and lung endurance

a measure of how efficiently your heart and lungs work when you exercise and how quickly they return to normal when you stop

muscle strength

a measure of the most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at one time

muscle endurance

a measure of a muscle's ability to repeatedly exert a force over a prolonges period of time


the ability of your body's joints to move easily through a full range of motion

body composition

the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, such as bone, muscle, and fluid


the passing of the traits from parents to their children


switching between different activities and exercises on different days

FITT principle

a method for safely increasing aspects of your workout without injuring yourself

resting heart rate

the number of times your heart beats per minute when you are relaxing

target heart-rate

the range of numbers between which your heart and lungs recieve the most benefit from a workout


a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body for more vigorous activity


a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body to end a workout session


a regular activity and exercise that prepares a person for a sport

PRICE formula

Protect, Respect, Ice, Compress, and Elevate


condition caused by excessive water loss

heat exhaustion

an overheating of the body that can result from dehydration


substances in food that your body needs


the study of nutrients and how the body uses them


the psychological desire for food


the body's physical need for food


the parts of fruit, vegetables, grains, adn beans that your body cannot digest


sugar and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly in plants


nutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissues

saturated fats

fats are are solid at room temperatures

unsaturated fats

fats that are not solid at room temperatures


substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, amoung other jobs


elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes

MyPyramid food guidance system

a system designed to help Americans make healthful food choices


a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods


a nutrient that helps control the amount of fluid in your body

food borne illness

a sickness resulting from eating food that is not safe to eat

empty calorie food

foods that offer few, if any, nutrients but do supply calories

nutrient density

the amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide

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