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Health Terms

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physical activity
any form of bodily movement that uses up energy
coordination
the smooth and effective working together of your muscles and bones
balance
the feeling of stability and control over your body
calories
unites of heat that measure the energy available in foods
physical fitness
the ability to handle the physical demands of everyday life without becoming overly tired
exercise
planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one's fitness
aerobic exercise
rhythmic, nonstop, moderate to vigorous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen
anaerobic exercise
intense physical activity that requires little oxygen but uses short bursts of energy
heart and lung endurance
a measure of how efficiently your heart and lungs work when you exercise and how quickly they return to normal when you stop
muscle strength
a measure of the most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at one time
muscle endurance
a measure of a muscle's ability to repeatedly exert a force over a prolonges period of time
flexibility
the ability of your body's joints to move easily through a full range of motion
body composition
the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, such as bone, muscle, and fluid
heredity
the passing of the traits from parents to their children
cross-training
switching between different activities and exercises on different days
FITT principle
a method for safely increasing aspects of your workout without injuring yourself
resting heart rate
the number of times your heart beats per minute when you are relaxing
target heart-rate
the range of numbers between which your heart and lungs recieve the most benefit from a workout
warm-up
a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body for more vigorous activity
cool-down
a period of low to moderate exercise to prepare your body to end a workout session
conditioning
a regular activity and exercise that prepares a person for a sport
PRICE formula
Protect, Respect, Ice, Compress, and Elevate
dehydration
condition caused by excessive water loss
heat exhaustion
an overheating of the body that can result from dehydration
nutrients
substances in food that your body needs
nutrition
the study of nutrients and how the body uses them
appetite
the psychological desire for food
hunger
the body's physical need for food
fiber
the parts of fruit, vegetables, grains, adn beans that your body cannot digest
carbohydrates
sugar and starches that occur naturally in foods, mainly in plants
proteins
nutrients your body uses to build, repair, and maintain cells and tissues
saturated fats
fats are are solid at room temperatures
unsaturated fats
fats that are not solid at room temperatures
vitamins
substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, amoung other jobs
minerals
elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes
MyPyramid food guidance system
a system designed to help Americans make healthful food choices
calorie
a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods
sodium
a nutrient that helps control the amount of fluid in your body
food borne illness
a sickness resulting from eating food that is not safe to eat
empty calorie food
foods that offer few, if any, nutrients but do supply calories
nutrient density
the amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide