40 terms

path test

myocardial infacrction
know as heart attact. when blood supply to part of heart is interrupted causing heart cells to die.
simple muscle pain and symptom of many diseases and disorders. over stretching muscle groups
over streching of ligaments
motor neuron disease is fatal. neuro-degenative disease caused by the destruction of motor neurons that control voluntary muscle movements
deformity of weight bearing bones vitamin D adults
are painful and temporary sensations caused by a chronic contraction leading to over shortening of muscles
rheumatoid arthritis
is a systemic disorder in which immune cells attack and inflame the membrane around joints. fidget jerky movements. leades to dementia and shrinking of the forebraine
is caused by a dietary deficiency in vitamin c leading to abnormal collagen
is the tearing of fascia which allows the protrusion of an organ or belly muscle
thoracic outlet syndrome
nerves of blood vessels just below the neck are compressed between neck and shoulder. or shoulder of 1st rib
parkinson disease
dopomine-- affects nerve cells or neuron. neurons make a chemical called dopamine die. mast like face resting trimmors. slow voluntary movements bradykinesia muscular rigidy and trimmor at rest. reduction of neurons make dopamine in the pars compacta of the substantia
huntington disease
an inherited disease that causes neurons in the brain to waste away. people are born with the defective gene. symponts usually dont appear until middle age involuntary muscle movement
refers to pain weakness numbness or tingling in the leg. it causes injury to or compression of the sciatic nerve
inflammation of bursa joint pain
itching caused by a mite called sarcoptes scabies which lives in burrows it makes under the skin.
ringworm jock rot athlets foot fungal
malignant melanoma
most deadly skin cancer begins on the surface of skin and grows out of control
deep vein thrombosis DUT
a blood clot occurring in deep vein. it will be hot. call 911
traveling blood clot
increase levels of bilirubin in blood
valley fever
coccidiodoomyco-- a fungal disease in the lungs. its endemic in certain parts of south west mexico
chronic obstrive pulmanary disease
three related condition chronic bronchia-chronic asthima- emphysema mucous and inflammation
rare cancer mostly arises from the cell lining of sacs in the chest or abdomen
weakens the immune system to the point where an affected person is vulnerable to a wide range of infections.
blood in urine. can be visible gross-it can be anywhere in the urinary track.
most common cause for kidney failure. three types
type 1-insulin dependent
type 2 non-insulin dependent
gestational during pregnancy
UTI urinary tract infection
2nd most common type of infection in body. 8.3 million visits each year
autoimmune disease characterted by acute and chronic inflammation of various tissues of the body. butter fly rash
MS multiple sclerosis
autoimmune disease in which myelin sheaths protecting nerve of the central nervous system. brain and spinal cord. degenerate leading to physical disability
sexually transmitted bacterium treponema pallidum eventually causing brain damage and death
spina bifida
paralysis and bladder and bowel problems with life expecting varying with degree. open spine
autonomic neuropathy
is a group of symptoms that occur where there is damage to nerves that regulate blood pressure heart rate- bowel and bladder emptying digestion and other body functions
are caused by abnormal brain activity which is triggered by stress certain foods enviromental factors or something else. the exact chain of events remain unclear
autoimmune disorders
are a list of conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. the reasoning are unclear and is attributed to disfunction in the autonomic nervous system
alzheimer disease AD
most common cause of dementia in western civilazation and the clinical course generally last approximately 5 years. the cerebral cortex and some other forebrain regions atrophy so severely that the brain may weigh less than 1000g at death. shrinkage is most pronounced in the frontal and temporal lobes
asperger syndrome ASD
has a delay in cognitive development and language. Autism has a strong gentic basis although ist is unclear whether is explainned more by rare mutations or by rare combinations of common gentic variants
pancreatic cancer
is the 4th leading cause of cancer death in america and is typically aggressive hard to treat and metastasize spread to other organs including the liver
IBS irritable bowl syndrome
is believed to be due to the abnormal function (dysfunction)of the muscles of the organs of the gastronintestinal tract or the nerves controlling the organs
cushing syndrome also called hyperadrenocorticism
is a hormone disorder caused by levels of cortisol in the blood
occurs in both women and men . is a condition in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. this can be the result of many factors including a decrease in the hormone estrogen occurring during menopause in women or a decrease in testosterone occurring in men as the age.