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131 terms

Chapter 13

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polydipsia
excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus
Cushing's syndrome
result of prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol
hypercalcemia
abnormally high concentrations of calcium in the blood
pinealoma
disrupts the production of melatonin
pancreatalgia
pain the in pancreas
thymosin
hormone secreted by thymus
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks thyroid tissue
testosterone
hormone that stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics
prolactinoma
a benign tumor of the pituitary gland
cretinism
a congenital form of hypothyroidism
epinephrine
the hormone that limits the release of insulin
oxytocin
the hormone that stimulates uterine contractions
leptin
hormone that acts to control the balance of food intake and energy expenditure
diabetes insipidus
term caused by insufficient production of ADH
follicle-stimulating
the hormone that stimulates the growth of ova
electrolytes
substances such as sodium and potassium normally found in blood
acromegaly
condition characterized by enlargement of the hands and feet due to excessive secretion of the growth hormone after puberty
aldosteronism
describes an abnormality of electrolyte balance
antidiuretic
hormone that maintains the body's water balance by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys
hyperglycemia
an abnomally high concentration of glucose in the blood
luteinizing
hormone that stimulates ovulation in the female
Addison's disease
condition that is a progressive disease that occurs when adrenal gland do not produce enough cortisol
diabetic retinopathy
complication from diabetes that can cause loss of vision
glycogen
the form in which the liver stores the excess glucose
progesterone
hormone released during the second half of the menstrual cycle
estrogen
the hormone that is important in the development and maintenance of the female secondary characteristics
thymitis
inflammation of the thymus gland
hypercrinism
condition caused by excessive secretion of any gland
hypothyroidism
medical term meaning a defiency of thyroid secretion
calcitonin
works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels
gigantism
excessive secretion of growth hormone before puberty
laparascopic adrenalectomy
minimally invasive procedure to surgically remove one or both adrenal glands
glucagon
in response to low blood sugar, cells of the pancreatic islets secrete this
insulinoma
benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia
polyphagia
excessive hunger
polyuria
excessive urination
hyperinsulinism
excessive secretion of insulin
False
T or F: The fructosamine tests measre average glucose levels over the previous 3-4 months
False
T or F: gynecomastia is the condition of excessive mammary development in the female
True
T or F: Exophthalmos is abnormal protrusion of the eyes
False
T or F: Myxedema is also known as hyperthyroidism
True
T or F: Cretinism is due to a congenital lack of thyroid secretion
thymectomy
procedure involves the surgical removal of the thymus gland
Graves' disease
autoimmune disorder that is characterized with other hormones to regulate the rate of metabolism
pituitary adenoma
describes a slow-growing benign tumor of the pituitary gland
pituitary
which gland secretes hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands
adrenal medulla
where does a pheochromocytoma occur
type 2
type of diabetes mellitus that is an resistance disorder
hypoparathyroidism
an abnormal condition that is caused by an insufficient or absent secretion of the parathyroid hormone that can lead to periodic painful muscle spasms and tremors
pituitary
gland located at the base of the brain just below the hypothalamus
pineal
gland that secretes the hormone melatonin
diabetic coma
life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus
cortisol
hormone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body
insulin
hormone secreted in response to high blood sugar
pinealopathy
any disorder of the pineal gland
spinal cavity
protects spinal column
abdominal cavity
protects intestinal organs
thoracic cavity
protects heart and lungs
cranial cavity
protects brain
pelvic cavity
protects reproductive organs
melanocyte-stimulating
hormone that increases pigmentation of the skin
estrogen
hormone that is released during the second half of the menstrual cycle
endocrinologist
a specialist in diagnosing and treating disease and malfunctions of the flands of internal secretion
growth hormone
somatotropin is another name for...
chemical thyroidectomy
hyperthyroid disorders are treated with radioactive iodine that causes....
parathyroid hormone
calcium levels in the blood and tissues are regulated by calcitonin working with what hormone
laparascopic adrenalectomy
minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove one or both adrenal glands is known as...
glucagon
in response to low blood sugar, the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets secrete what
adrenal glands
regulate electrolyte levels
pancreatic islets
control glucose metabolism
parathyroid glands
regulate calcium levels
pineal gland
influence sleep-wakefulness cycle
thymus gland
active in immune reaction
True
T or F: Human growth hormone therapy is administered when the pituitary gland secretes an inadequate amount of growth hormone
False
T or F: the parathyroid hormone stimulates the thyroid gland
True
T or F: Cretinism is due to a congenital lack of thyroid secretion
cortisone
substance used to suppress inflammation
aldosterone
hormone that aids in regulating the amount of salts in the body
thyroxine
hormone that works with other hormones to regulate the rate of metabolism
Graves' disease
not caused by a disorder of the adrenal gland
thymitis
inflammation of the thymus
adrenalitis
inflammation of the adrenal glands
gigantism
abnormal overgrowth of the long bones and very tall stature
myxedema
severe form of adult hypothyroidism
pinealectomy
surgical removal of the pineal gland
somatotropin
hormone that regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues
aldosteronism
condition that is not a diabetic complication
gonadocorticoids
hormones influences some sex-related characteristics
thymus gland
endocrine gland located near the midline anterior portion of the thoracis cavity
thymosin
thymus secretes...
type 1
insulin deficiency disorder
myxedema
condition that has symptoms including puffiness of the hands and face
Graves' disease
autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos
thyrotoxicosis
life-threatening condition resulting from the release of excessive quantities of the thyroid hormones into the bloodstream
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
thyroid stimulating hormone is secreted by the
tetany
hypoparathyroidism is usually accompanied by hypocalcemia and in severe cases leads to...
pituitary gland
hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands are secreted by the..
growth hormone
also known as somatotropin
thyromegaly
commonly known as goiter
chemical thyroidectomy
some hyperthyroid disorders are treated with _______ to destroy tissue of the thyroid gland
epinephrine
stimulates the symptomatic nervous system
pheochromocytoma
excessive production of epinephrine by the adrenal medulla is caused by a benign tumor known as...
gamete
reproductive cell
lobectomy
surgical removal of one love of the thyroid gland
True
T or F: the hormone secreted by the thymus secretes plays an important role in the immune system
False
T or F: a pituitary adenoma is a malignant tumorof the pituitary gland
False
T or F: ocytocin prevents permature childbirth
True
T or F: lactogenic hormone stimulates and maintains the secretion of breast milk after childbirth
False
T or F: the function of estrogen is to complete the preparations for pregnancy
False
T or F: diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disease characterized hypoglycemia
False
T or F: Conn's syndrome is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol
True
T or F: mineralocorticoids regulate the metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins in the body
false
T or F: acromegaly is caused by excessive secretion of the growth hormone before puberty
true
T or F: a chemical thyroidectomy destroys thyroid cells
true
T or F:the parathyroid hormone stimulates the thyroid gland
false
T or F: diabetes insipidus is caused by failuer of the cells to respond to insulin
true
T or F: hypercrinism is a condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland, especially an endocrine gland
false
T or F: the thymus stimulates metabolism, growth, and activity of the nervous system
true
T or F: progesterone completes the preparation of the uterus for possible pregnancy
false
t or f: the thyroid gland regulates electrolyte levels, influences metabolism, and responds to stress
false
t or f: alcohol consumption stimulates the secretion of ADH
ACTH
stimulates hormones to maintain pregnancy
ADH
helps control blood pressure
GH
regulates the growth of body tissues
HCG
stimulates growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex
TSH
stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones
aldosterone
aids in regulating the salt and water levels
cortisol
has an anti-inflammatory action
androgen
influences sex-related characteristics
nonepinephrine
stimulates the sympathetic nervous system
thymosin
has role in the immune system