Chp 10 of the Ap textbook
All the Vocab words in Chp 10 the AP Human Geography
Terms in this set (28)
Series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is on world market
A country that is increasing its education levels, communications, and productivity of its workers
Gross National Product (GNP)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country's economy in a given year. It includes all corporations and individuals of the country, wether or not they are in the nation.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Encompasses only goods and services produced in a given year within a country
Gross National Income (GNI)
Similar to GDP, but also includes the value of income from abroad
Per Capita GNI
Total GNI divided by the population
Legal economy that is taxed and monitored by the government
The illegal and untaxed economy that is not tracked by the government
a model of economic development most closely associated with the work of economist Walter Rostow; sometimes referred to as modernization theory
the entrenchment of the colonial order, such as trade and investment, under a new guise.
A general term for a model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions as the result of historically derived power relations within the global economic system
A theory that explains that political and economic relations between regions have limited the extent to which some countries can develop
When a poorer country ties the value of its currency to that of a wealthier country, or when it abandons its currency and adopts the wealthier country's currency as its own
Developed by Immanuel Wallerstein and illuminated by his three-tier structure, proposing that social change in the developing world is inextricably linked to the economic activities of the developed world.
Divides the world into Core, Periphery, and Semi-Periphery as a way to explain the interconnections between places in the global economy.
When a family sends a child or an adult to a labor recruiter in hopes that the labor recruiter will send money, and the family member will earn money to send home
structural adjustment loans
Loans granted by the inernational financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to countries in the periphery and the semi-periphery in exchange for certain economic and governmental reforms in that country (examples: privatization of businesses, opening trade to foreign investment)
A disease spread by one hose or person to another by an intermediate host or vector like a mosquito
The vectored disease from the saliva of the mosquito that kills 150,000 people each month
export processing zones
Zones established by many countries in the periphery and semi-periphery where they offer favorable tax, regulatory, and trade arrangements to attract foreign trade and investment
The term given to the Northern part of MeXiCo with factories supplying manufactured goods to the US. The workers in the low-wage, foreign-owned factories import raw materials and export finished goods.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
The agreement between Canada, US, and Mexico that eliminated borders of trading and facilitating of cross-border goods and services between countries.
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
island of development
Place built up by a government to attract foreign investment which was high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
NonGovernmental Organizations (NGO)
International organizations that operate outside of the political stage. Nevertheless, they are a large influence in operations of social problems and environment issues.
Program that provides small loans to poor people, especially women, to encourage development of small businesses
The geographical situation in which something occurs;the combination of what is happening at a variety of scales at once.
Special Economic Zones
Specific area within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business and investment