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64 terms

Chapter 15 Combining Forms

The Language of Medicine
STUDY
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acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o
calcium
carp/o
wrist bones (carpals)
cervic/o
neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
fasci/o
fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibr/o
fiber
fibul/o
fibula
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o
ilieum
ischi/o
ischium (part of hip bone)
kyph/o
humpback
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle
ligament/o
liagment
lord/o
curve; swayback
lumb/o
lower back; loin
malleol/o
malleolus
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jaw bone)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord; bone marrow
myocardi/o
myocardium (heart muscle)
myos/o
muscle
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
patell/o
patella
ped/o
child; foot
pelv/i
pelvis; hip region
perone/o
fibula
phalang/o
phalanges (of fingers and toes)
plant/o
sole of the foot
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of hip bone)
radi/o
x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
rhabdomy/o
striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o
watery flow
sacr/o
sacrum
sarc/o
flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o
scapula; shoulder back
scoli/o
crooked; bent
spondyl/o
vertebra (backbone)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
synov/o
synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
tars/o
tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (7 bones between the foot and the leg)
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
thorac/o
chest
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uln/o
ulna (medial lower arm bone)
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)