57 terms

SAT Vocab prep


Terms in this set (...)

1. On guard; watchful: taught to be wary of strangers.

2. Characterized by caution: a wary glance at the black clouds
1. characterized by vehemence, clamour, or noisiness: vociferous protests.

2. making an outcry or loud noises; clamorous: a vociferous mob.
1. Given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk; tiresomely talkative.

2. Wordy and rambling: a garrulous speech.
1. Unrestrained or excessive in emotional expression; gushy: an effusive manner.

2. Profuse; overflowing: effusive praise.
1. Practicing or marked by economy, as in the expenditure of money or the use of material resources. See Synonyms at sparing.

2. Simple or costing little; meager or inexpensive: a frugal lunch.
1. Habitually untalkative. See Synonyms at laconic.

2. Characterized by reserve or a lack of expression: "Beneath his taciturn exterior was an optimist" (Buzz Bizzinger
1. Tending to elude capture, perception, comprehension, or memory: "an invisible cabal of conspirators, each more elusive than the archterrorist [himself]" (David Kline).

2. Difficult to define or describe: "Failures are more finely etched in our minds than triumphs, and success is an elusive, if not mythic, goal in our demanding society" (Hugh Drummond).
1. causing or tending to cause disagreement or dissension

2. having the quality of distinguishing
1. carefully thought out in advance; planned; studied; intentional: a deliberate insult.

2. careful or unhurried in speech or action: a deliberate pace.

3. to consider (something) deeply; ponder; think over
1. occurring at irregular points in time; intermittent: sporadic firing.

2. scattered; isolated: a sporadic disease.
1. being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.

2. unnecessary or needless.

3. Obs. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant
not open to question; indisputable
1. easy to manage, control, or discipline; submissive

2. ready to learn; easy to teach
1. the act or an instance of reversing

2. a change for the worse; reverse: a reversal of fortune.

3. the state of being reversed

4. (Law) the annulment of a judicial decision, esp by an appeal court on grounds of error or irregularity
1. Tiresome by reason of length, slowness, or dullness; boring. See Synonyms at boring.

2. Obsolete Moving or progressing very slowly.
1. Capable of being accomplished or brought about; possible: a feasible plan. See Synonyms at possible.

2. Capable of being used or dealt with successfully: feasible new sources of energy.

3. Logical; likely: a feasible explanation.
a. An eager or strong desire to achieve something, such as fame or power.

b. The object or goal desired: Her ambition is the presidency.

2. Desire for exertion or activity; energy: had no ambition to go dancing.
1. Deviation or departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule.

2. One that is peculiar, irregular, abnormal, or difficult to classify: "Both men are anomalies: they have ... likable personalities but each has made his reputation as a heavy" (David Pauly).

3. Astronomy The angular deviation, as observed from the sun, of a planet from its perihelion.
1. (Furniture) a small portable heater or stove

[C19: from French chauffoir, from chauffer to heat]
1. feeling or expressing discontent or anger
1. of or resembling a miser; avaricious
ˈmiserliness n
1. Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself. See Synonyms at laconic.

2. Restrained or reserved: "The laughter was steady, if reticent" (Bernard Lown).

3. Usage Problem Reluctant; unwilling.
1. Very liberal in giving; generous: a munificent benefactor.

2. Showing great generosity: a munificent gift. See Synonyms at liberal
1. excessively curious, esp about the affairs of others; prying

2. eager to learn; inquiring
1. of great extent; wide; broad: an extensive area.

2. covering or extending over a great area: extensive travels.

3. comprehensive; far-reaching or thorough: extensive knowledge.

4. great in amount, number, or degree: extensive political influence.

5. of or having extension.

6. of or pertaining to a system of farming in which large tracts of land are cultivated with minimum labor and expense (opposed to intensive).
1. One who engages in an art, science, study, or athletic activity as a pastime rather than as a profession.

2. Sports An athlete who has never accepted money, or who accepts money under restrictions specified by a regulatory body, for participating in a competition.

3. One lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art.

1. performing the duties expected or required of one; respectful; obedient: a dutiful child.

2. proceeding from or expressive of a sense of duty.
1. Very great in size, extent, or quantity. See Synonyms at enormous.

2. Very great in scope or import: a vast improvement.

n. Archaic
An immense space.
1. not essential

2. not pertinent or applicable; irrelevant

3. coming from without; of external origin

4. not belonging; unrelated to that to which it is added or in which it is contained

[C17: from Latin extrāneus external, from extrā outside]
1. skilled in fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech.

2. exhibiting forceful and appropriate expression.

3. (of actions, gestures, etc.) forcefully expressive.
1. not permitting penetration or passage: The pelt is impervious to rain.

2. incapable of being injured or impaired: impervious to wear and tear.

3. incapable of being influenced or affected: impervious to reason.
1. fit or suitable for the purpose; proper; advisable: It is expedient that you go.

2. conducive to advantage; governed by self-interest; advantageous.
3. a handy means to an end.
To lower in status or character; degrade or humble: professionals who feel demeaned by unskilled work. See Synonyms at debase.
1. (tr) to make (pain, sorrow, etc) easier to bear; lessen; relieve
1. Readily seen; visible: The animal's markings were immediately apparent.

2. Readily understood; clear or obvious: The error was apparent to everyone in the audience.

3. Appearing as such but not necessarily so; seeming: an apparent advantage.
1. of, relating to, or designating something given by each of two people, countries, etc, to the other; mutual: reciprocal friendship; reciprocal trade.

2. given or done in return: a reciprocal favour.

3. (Grammar) (of a pronoun) indicating that action is given and received by each subject; for example, each other in the sentence they started to shout at each other

4. (Mathematics) maths of or relating to a number or quantity divided into one

5. (Navigation) nautical denoting a course or bearing that is 180° from the previous or assumed one
1. On guard; watchful: taught to be wary of strangers.

2. Characterized by caution: a wary glance at the black clouds.
1. charmingly simple or rustic.

2. of or characteristic of an idyll.
a. Remaining in a pure state, without human alteration: a pristine stream.

b. Remaining free from dirt or decay; clean: pristine mountain snow.

2. Of, relating to, or typical of the earliest time or condition; primitive or original
free from physical or moral spots or stains; "an unblemished record"; "an unblemished complexion"
≡unblemished, unmutilated

↔undamaged - not harmed or spoiled; sound
1. Prompted by the occasion rather than being planned in advance: an impromptu party.

2. Spoken, performed, done, or composed with little or no preparation; extemporaneous: a few impromptu remarks.

With little or no preparation; extemporaneously.
expecting the worst possible outcome
Kept or done in secret, often to conceal an illicit or improper purpose. See Synonyms at secret
1. Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself. See Synonyms at laconic.

2. Restrained or reserved: "The laughter was steady, if reticent" (Bernard Lown).

3. Usage Problem Reluctant; unwilling.
a. Cheerfully confident; optimistic: sanguine about the prospects for an improved economy.

b. At ease; accepting: "Deborah was generally sanguine about the women in Franklin's life" (Walter Isaacson).

2. Archaic
a. Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.

b. Having the temperament and ruddy complexion formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.

a. Of the color of blood; red.

b. Of a healthy reddish color; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
1. Having or arising from authority; official: an authoritative decree; authoritative sources.

2. Of acknowledged accuracy or excellence; highly reliable: an authoritative account of the revolution.

3. Demonstrating authority; commanding: the captain's authoritative manner.
1. A usually religious movement or point of view characterized by a return to fundamental principles, by rigid adherence to those principles, and often by intolerance of other views and opposition to secularism.
1. Open to more than one interpretation: an ambiguous reply.

2. Doubtful or uncertain: "The theatrical status of her frequently derided but constantly revived plays remained ambiguous" (Frank Rich).
1. An imperfection, often concealed, that impairs soundness: a flaw in the crystal that caused it to shatter. See Synonyms at blemish.

2. A defect or shortcoming in something intangible: The two leaders share the flaw of arrogance.

tr.v. flawed, flaw·ing, flaws
To cause a flaw in; make defective: an argument that was flawed by specious reasoning.
regarded as holy; venerated; sacred: hallowed political institutions.
1. (tr) to oppose, neutralize, or mitigate the effects of by contrary action; check
1. incurring or tending to arouse resentment, unpopularity, etc: an invidious task.

2. (of comparisons or distinctions) unfairly or offensively discriminating

3. grudging; envious