34 terms

Visual Arts Vocab

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Emphasis
Using the elements of art to create a focal point or visual hierarchy within a design.
Balance
The way in which an artist addresses the visual visual weight of elements within a design. (symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial)
Contrast
The extreme transition of one opposing element to the other or the juxtaposition of those elements within a design.
Proportion
The way in which one element relates to another or parts of itself. This can refer to size or number.
Pattern
The use of consistent repeating visual elements throughout a design.
Movement
The visual path the designer or artist creates to guide the viewer's eye throughout a work.
Rhythm
The use of one or more elements to create a mood or feeling of organized movement throughout a design.
Unity
Creating a sense of harmony or wholeness among the elements and principles within a design.
Art
The physical expression of any idea formed by the mind.
Design
A planned realization of a concept or idea with a specific purpose in mind.
Aesthetic
Refers to the perceived physical beauty of a design or artwork according to the principles of design.
Content
The emotional and or intellectual meaning / message of an artwork or design.
Critique
A detailed evaluation or analysis of a design or work of art.
Interpet
To understand and explain the meaning or significance of something.
Medium
The actual material used by an artist or designer to create a work.
Contour Line
"Contour" is a french word meaning "outline." It is a line that goes around the outer edge or outer surface of an object in a drawing.
Gesture Drawing
A gesture drawing is work of art defined by rapid execution and is intended to capture the essence of an object / form's figure position.
Realism
A style that portrays a representation of actual places, people, or objects.
Negative Space
The empty or open space around an object that defines it. In design it is also referred to as "white space."
Support
The actual material or surface on which an artwork is created, most usually paper or canvas but other surfaces also apply.
Foreground
The part of a scene or image that is nearest to the observer / viewer. (The opposite of the background)
Implied Line
A line that is not physically present within an artwork but is implied or suggested by the arrangement of certain elements or the absence of other lines or elements.
Render
To draw with an unusually high degree of detailed representation.
Sighting
A technique for determining the proportional relationship of one part of an object to another or the spaces between objects. Many artists use their hands, pencils, or other drawing instruments as a visual measuring tool.
Taper
To decrease gradually in width or thickness.
Proximity Visually grouping by similarity in spatial location.
Visually grouping by similarity in spatial location.
Perception
The individual response to the sensations of stimuli such as colors or symbols, that are often cultural in nature.
Monochromatic
Containing or using only one color
Decoupage
The art of designing or decorating surfaces by applying cutouts (of paper for example) and then coating the design with one or more layers of finish or varnish.
Hatching
Shading / creating value in a drawing by creating tiny, closely set parallel lines across the surface of your image.
Perspective
The art of drawing solid objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other when viewed from a particular point.
Still Life
A painting or drawing of an arrangement of inanimate objects, like fruit and flowers and objects contrasting with these in texture, such as bowls and glassware.
Stippling
Shading / adding value to a drawing by creating numerous small dots or specks across the surface of your image.
Stump
Also referred to as a blending stick, a stump is a drawing tool made of a tight roll of paper that is used for rubbing down, smoothing, or blending hard lines in pencil drawing