100 terms

APUSH - Legislation

Agricultural Adjustment Act
restricted production during the New Deal by paying farmers to reduce crop area.
Alien Sedition Acts
protect the United States from alien citizens of enemy powers and to stop seditious attacks
Americans with Disabilities Act
prohibits employers, discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities
Bank Act
proposed by Hamilton, handle the financial needs and requirements of the government
Chinese Exclusion Act 1892
outlawed Chinese immigration
Civil Rights Act 1866
provided guarantees for African-American voting rights in the South
Civil Rights Act 1875
guaranteed that everyone was entitled to the same treatment in "public accommodations"
Civil Rights Act 1964 (Voting Rights Act)
outlawed the literacy tests to qualify to register to vote
Civil Rights Act 1968
prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of housing
Clayton Antitrust Act
seeking to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency
Clean Air Act
primary responsibilities and rights of the States and local government in controlling air pollution
Compromise of 1850
dropped Wilmot Provisio, maintained idea of popular sovereignty in acquired lands
Compromise Tariff
gradually reduce the import tariff rates after southerners objected to the protectionism
Conscription Act
provided for the impressments of all able-bodied young men in the service of the Union Army
Currency Act
required hard specie when paying Britain
Dawes Severalty Act
divided collective Indian land to individuals, meant to break tribal unity
Declaratory Act
asserted that Parliament has full power and authority to make laws for colonies of America
Dingley Tariff
highest tax averaging 46.5% to counteract the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act of 1894
Elementary & Secondary Education Act 1965
provided federal funding for public and private education below the college level
Elkins Act
strengthened the ICC by imposing heavy fines on railroads offering rebates and on the shippers accepting them
Embargo Act
Jefferson's attempt to bar trade between the United States of America and other nations to maintain neutrality in Napoleonic Wars
Emergency Banking Act
FDR's plan during the Great Depression closed down insolvent banks and reorganize and reopen those banks strong enough to survive.
Emergency Quota Act (National Origin Act of 1924)
limited immigration
Environmental Protection Agency
established a government run EPA
Equal Opportunity Act
extension of affirmative action to colleges and universities
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights under the law for Americans regardless of sex
Espionage Act of 1917
made sharing government documents illegal
Fair Housing Act
prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of dwellings
Fair Labor Standards Act
established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors
Federal Highway Act
Appropriating $25 billion for the construction of interstate highways over a 20-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history to that point.
Federal Reserve Act
created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America
Federal Trade Commission Act
established the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), a bipartisan body of five members appointed by the President of the United States for seven year terms.
Fordney McCumber Act
increased tariffs made it difficult for European nations to conduct trade in order to pay off war debts; protected US industries from foreign competition
Forest Reserve Act
allowed the president to set aside forest reserves from the land in the public domain.
Freedmen's Bureau Act
aid former slaves through education, health care, and employment in the south
Fugitive Slave Act
declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters.
GI Bill of Rights (Servicemen's Readjustment Act 1944)
provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation
Glass Steagall Act
established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and included banking reforms, some of which were designed to control speculation.; were both reactions of the U.S. government to cope with the economic problems which followed the Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Gold Standard Act 1900
established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism which had allowed silver in exchange for gold
Hawley Smoot Act (1930)
raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels, and, in the opinion of some economists, was responsible for the severity of the Great Depression
Hepburn Act
gave the ICC the power to set maximum railroad rates and opened financial records
Homestead Act
gave any applicant 160 acres of undeveloped land outside of the original 13 colonies if they improved the land
Housing Act of 1961
provided $4.88 billion in loans and grants to cities, towns and rural areas for urban renewal and public housing
Immigration Act 1965
abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924.
Indian Civil Rights Act
impose upon tribal governments certain restrictions and protections afforded by the U.S. Constitution (basically applied the Bill of Rights to natives)
Indian Education Act 1972
provides federal assistance in education over and above the limited funds appropriated annually for Indian education programs
Indian Removal Act of 1830
sought to "exchange" lands with native Americans and move them further west to open up their lands for colonists.
Indian Reorganization Act
secured certain rights to Native Americans, including Alaska Natives, a reversal of the Dawes Act's privatization of common holdings of American Indians and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis.
Interstate Commerce Act
regulate interstate commerce
Kansas-Nebraska Act
created Kansas and Nebraska, repealed Compromise of 1820, establish pop. sovereignty
Keating Owen Act
prohibiting the sale in interstate commerce of goods manufactured by children
Kellogg Briand Pact
providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy
Labor Management Relations Act 1947 (Taft Hartley Act)
greatly restricted the power and activities of labor unions
Land Ordinance of 1784
raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original colonies acquired from Britain at the end of the Revolutionary War.
Lend Lease Act
US supplied weapons to Allies for military bases
McCarran Internal Security Act 1950
subjected alleged members of designated Communist-action organizations to regulation by the US federal government
McKinley Act
raised tariffs and forced to buy high-priced, protected products from American manufacturers but sell their own products into highly competitive, unprotected world markets.
Meat Inspection Act
authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to inspect and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption
Missouri Compromise
prohibited slavery above the 36'30" parallel.
Morrill Land Grant Act
set aside a plot of land dedicated to an educational institute
National Bank Acts 1863-1864
established a system of national charters for banks and encouraged development of a national currency based on bank holdings of U.S. Treasury securities
National Defense Education Act
provided aid to education in the United States at all levels, both public and private, especially in the areas of science; inspired by Soviet success in the Space Race
National Industrial Recovery Act
authorized the President to regulate banks, and stimulate the United States economy to recover from the Great Depression. To do this it established the National Recovery Administration.
National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
protects the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.
National Security Act 1947
mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government - created the CIA
Navigation Acts
were a series of laws which restricted the use of foreign shipping in the trade of England
Neutrality Acts 1936-1937
limit U.S. involvement in possible future wars and that was created in response to the belief that U.S. involvement in World War I resulted from loans and trade with the Allies.
Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902
funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the American West
Non-Intercourse Act
lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports.
Northwest Ordinance 1787
creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
reduce tariff rates scarcely at all and in some areas actually raised them (it was feeble)
Pendleton Act
provided for some government jobs to be filled on the basis of competitive exams
Platt Amendment
stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba since the Spanish-American War
Privacy Act of 1974
code of fair information practices that governs the personal info about individuals that is maintained in systems of records by federal agencies
Proclamation of 1763
prevented westward expansion to stabilize tribal relationships
Protective Tariff 1816
increased the price of British goods so that American goods could compete with them
Protective Tariff 1832 (nullification)
reduced tariff to remedy the conflict created by the Tariff of Abominations
Pure Food and Drug Act
provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act
provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements with separate nations, particularly Latin American countries. It resulted in a reduction of duties.
Reconstruction Acts
Creation of five military districts in the seceded states, Requiring congressional approval for new state constitutions (which were required for Confederate states to rejoin the Union), Confederate states give voting rights to all men,All former Confederate states must ratify the 14th Amendment.
Refugee Act
reformed United States immigration law and admitted refugees on systematic basis for humanitarian reasons
Revenue Act
established the U.S. Board of Tax Appeals, which was later renamed the United States Tax Court in 1942
Securities Exchange Act
basis of regulation of the financial markets and their participants in the United States
Selective Service Act
gave the President the power to draft men for military service
Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act
providing federal funding for maternity and child care.
Sherman Antitrust Act
the first United States Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies.
Silver Purchase Act
increased the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month.
Smith Act or Alien Registration Act
makes it a criminal offense to advise etc to overthrow the government and required non citizen adults to register within 4 months
Social Security Act
drafted by President Roosevelt's committee on economic security, part of the New Deal. provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil", prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals.
Stamp Act
law enacted by a government that requires a tax to be paid on the printed documents
Taft-Hartley Act
greatly restricting the activities and power of labor unions. makes illegal closed shop),
Tariff of abominations
raised prices of cheap European products to protect American industry but agricultural aspects depended on the cheap products.
Tea Act of 1773
exported tea directly to American colonies without taxation. Gave east India trading company a monopoly on tea
Telecommunications Act of 1996
first major overhaul of United States telecommunications law in nearly 62 years
Tenure of Office Act
enacted over the veto of President Andrew Johnson, denied the President of the United States the power to remove from office anyone who had been appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the United States Senate unless the Senate also approved the removal.
Underwood-Simmons Act
re-imposed the federal income tax following the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%
Voting rights act
outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the United States. Specifically, to outlaw the practice of requiring literacy tests,
War Powers Resolution of 1973
the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or if the United States is already under attack or serious threat.
Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act
slightly reduced the United States tariff rates from the numbers set in the 1890 McKinley tariff and imposed a 2% income tax.