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Agricultural Adjustment Act

restricted production during the New Deal by paying farmers to reduce crop area.

Alien Sedition Acts

protect the United States from alien citizens of enemy powers and to stop seditious attacks

Americans with Disabilities Act

prohibits employers, discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities

Bank Act

proposed by Hamilton, handle the financial needs and requirements of the government

Chinese Exclusion Act 1892

outlawed Chinese immigration

Civil Rights Act 1866

provided guarantees for African-American voting rights in the South

Civil Rights Act 1875

guaranteed that everyone was entitled to the same treatment in "public accommodations"

Civil Rights Act 1964 (Voting Rights Act)

outlawed the literacy tests to qualify to register to vote

Civil Rights Act 1968

prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of housing

Clayton Antitrust Act

seeking to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency

Clean Air Act

primary responsibilities and rights of the States and local government in controlling air pollution

Compromise of 1850

dropped Wilmot Provisio, maintained idea of popular sovereignty in acquired lands

Compromise Tariff

gradually reduce the import tariff rates after southerners objected to the protectionism

Conscription Act

provided for the impressments of all able-bodied young men in the service of the Union Army

Currency Act

required hard specie when paying Britain

Dawes Severalty Act

divided collective Indian land to individuals, meant to break tribal unity

Declaratory Act

asserted that Parliament has full power and authority to make laws for colonies of America

Dingley Tariff

highest tax averaging 46.5% to counteract the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act of 1894

Elementary & Secondary Education Act 1965

provided federal funding for public and private education below the college level

Elkins Act

strengthened the ICC by imposing heavy fines on railroads offering rebates and on the shippers accepting them

Embargo Act

Jefferson's attempt to bar trade between the United States of America and other nations to maintain neutrality in Napoleonic Wars

Emergency Banking Act

FDR's plan during the Great Depression closed down insolvent banks and reorganize and reopen those banks strong enough to survive.

Emergency Quota Act (National Origin Act of 1924)

limited immigration

Environmental Protection Agency

established a government run EPA

Equal Opportunity Act

extension of affirmative action to colleges and universities

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights under the law for Americans regardless of sex

Espionage Act of 1917

made sharing government documents illegal

Fair Housing Act

prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of dwellings

Fair Labor Standards Act

established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors

Federal Highway Act

Appropriating $25 billion for the construction of interstate highways over a 20-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history to that point.

Federal Reserve Act

created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America

Federal Trade Commission Act

established the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), a bipartisan body of five members appointed by the President of the United States for seven year terms.

Fordney McCumber Act

increased tariffs made it difficult for European nations to conduct trade in order to pay off war debts; protected US industries from foreign competition

Forest Reserve Act

allowed the president to set aside forest reserves from the land in the public domain.

Freedmen's Bureau Act

aid former slaves through education, health care, and employment in the south

Fugitive Slave Act

declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters.

GI Bill of Rights (Servicemen's Readjustment Act 1944)

provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation

Glass Steagall Act

established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and included banking reforms, some of which were designed to control speculation.; were both reactions of the U.S. government to cope with the economic problems which followed the Stock Market Crash of 1929.

Gold Standard Act 1900

established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism which had allowed silver in exchange for gold

Hawley Smoot Act (1930)

raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels, and, in the opinion of some economists, was responsible for the severity of the Great Depression

Hepburn Act

gave the ICC the power to set maximum railroad rates and opened financial records

Homestead Act

gave any applicant 160 acres of undeveloped land outside of the original 13 colonies if they improved the land

Housing Act of 1961

provided $4.88 billion in loans and grants to cities, towns and rural areas for urban renewal and public housing

Immigration Act 1965

abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924.

Indian Civil Rights Act

impose upon tribal governments certain restrictions and protections afforded by the U.S. Constitution (basically applied the Bill of Rights to natives)

Indian Education Act 1972

provides federal assistance in education over and above the limited funds appropriated annually for Indian education programs

Indian Removal Act of 1830

sought to "exchange" lands with native Americans and move them further west to open up their lands for colonists.

Indian Reorganization Act

secured certain rights to Native Americans, including Alaska Natives, a reversal of the Dawes Act's privatization of common holdings of American Indians and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis.

Interstate Commerce Act

regulate interstate commerce

Kansas-Nebraska Act

created Kansas and Nebraska, repealed Compromise of 1820, establish pop. sovereignty

Keating Owen Act

prohibiting the sale in interstate commerce of goods manufactured by children

Kellogg Briand Pact

providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy

Labor Management Relations Act 1947 (Taft Hartley Act)

greatly restricted the power and activities of labor unions

Land Ordinance of 1784

raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original colonies acquired from Britain at the end of the Revolutionary War.

Lend Lease Act

US supplied weapons to Allies for military bases

McCarran Internal Security Act 1950

subjected alleged members of designated Communist-action organizations to regulation by the US federal government

McKinley Act

raised tariffs and forced to buy high-priced, protected products from American manufacturers but sell their own products into highly competitive, unprotected world markets.

Meat Inspection Act

authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to inspect and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption

Missouri Compromise

prohibited slavery above the 36'30" parallel.

Morrill Land Grant Act

set aside a plot of land dedicated to an educational institute

National Bank Acts 1863-1864

established a system of national charters for banks and encouraged development of a national currency based on bank holdings of U.S. Treasury securities

National Defense Education Act

provided aid to education in the United States at all levels, both public and private, especially in the areas of science; inspired by Soviet success in the Space Race

National Industrial Recovery Act

authorized the President to regulate banks, and stimulate the United States economy to recover from the Great Depression. To do this it established the National Recovery Administration.

National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)

protects the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.

National Security Act 1947

mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government - created the CIA

Navigation Acts

were a series of laws which restricted the use of foreign shipping in the trade of England

Neutrality Acts 1936-1937

limit U.S. involvement in possible future wars and that was created in response to the belief that U.S. involvement in World War I resulted from loans and trade with the Allies.

Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902

funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the American West

Non-Intercourse Act

lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports.

Northwest Ordinance 1787

creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

reduce tariff rates scarcely at all and in some areas actually raised them (it was feeble)

Pendleton Act

provided for some government jobs to be filled on the basis of competitive exams

Platt Amendment

stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba since the Spanish-American War

Privacy Act of 1974

code of fair information practices that governs the personal info about individuals that is maintained in systems of records by federal agencies

Proclamation of 1763

prevented westward expansion to stabilize tribal relationships

Protective Tariff 1816

increased the price of British goods so that American goods could compete with them

Protective Tariff 1832 (nullification)

reduced tariff to remedy the conflict created by the Tariff of Abominations

Pure Food and Drug Act

provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act

provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements with separate nations, particularly Latin American countries. It resulted in a reduction of duties.

Reconstruction Acts

Creation of five military districts in the seceded states, Requiring congressional approval for new state constitutions (which were required for Confederate states to rejoin the Union), Confederate states give voting rights to all men,All former Confederate states must ratify the 14th Amendment.

Refugee Act

reformed United States immigration law and admitted refugees on systematic basis for humanitarian reasons

Revenue Act

established the U.S. Board of Tax Appeals, which was later renamed the United States Tax Court in 1942

Securities Exchange Act

basis of regulation of the financial markets and their participants in the United States

Selective Service Act

gave the President the power to draft men for military service

Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act

providing federal funding for maternity and child care.

Sherman Antitrust Act

the first United States Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies.

Silver Purchase Act

increased the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month.

Smith Act or Alien Registration Act

makes it a criminal offense to advise etc to overthrow the government and required non citizen adults to register within 4 months

Social Security Act

drafted by President Roosevelt's committee on economic security, part of the New Deal. provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act

allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil", prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals.

Stamp Act

law enacted by a government that requires a tax to be paid on the printed documents

Taft-Hartley Act

greatly restricting the activities and power of labor unions. makes illegal closed shop),

Tariff of abominations

raised prices of cheap European products to protect American industry but agricultural aspects depended on the cheap products.

Tea Act of 1773

exported tea directly to American colonies without taxation. Gave east India trading company a monopoly on tea

Telecommunications Act of 1996

first major overhaul of United States telecommunications law in nearly 62 years

Tenure of Office Act

enacted over the veto of President Andrew Johnson, denied the President of the United States the power to remove from office anyone who had been appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the United States Senate unless the Senate also approved the removal.

Underwood-Simmons Act

re-imposed the federal income tax following the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%

Voting rights act

outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the United States. Specifically, to outlaw the practice of requiring literacy tests,

War Powers Resolution of 1973

the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or if the United States is already under attack or serious threat.

Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act

slightly reduced the United States tariff rates from the numbers set in the 1890 McKinley tariff and imposed a 2% income tax.

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