Early River Valley Civilizations
Terms in this set (36)
rich land which provided great farming
"Land between the rivers" (Euphrates and Tigris)
series of rulers from a single family; resulted in full-time military rulers
city and surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit
new product or idea spreads from one culture to another
belief in more than one god
Sargon of Akkad - How did he form his empire?
By bringing independent nation and peoples under one ruler.
Sargon of Akkad - Why was it significant?
It united northern/southern Mesopotamia.
bringing independent nation and peoples under one ruler
Why were Egyptian farmers more fortunate than Mesopotamian farmers?
The Nile River had predictable flooding in July, which made rich soil in October.
What type of natural barrier protected Egypt?
United the upper and lower Egypt
leader during Babylonian peak
According to the code, who was responsible for what happened in society?
Egyptian god-kings; political and military leader
government in which rule is based on a religious authority
What did the pyramids show about Egypt?
great civilization strength
embalming and drying the corpse; reserved for elite
ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures represented ideas and sounds
tall reed that grows in the marsh; used as writing surface
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
seasonal winds that dominate India's climate
City Planning - Cities built on the grid system, plumbing + sewer system, and citadels for royal protection
Why do we know so little about these civilizations?
Language has not been deciphered
What was unique about their cities?
They had few weapons and Little social divisions
A fortress for royal protection
fertile soil deposits from river
1700 - 1027 BC (First family to leave written records)
1027 BC - 256 BC
animal bones/tortoise shells on which priests scratched questions for the gods
What was a major advantage of the Chinese writing system?
No links between spoken language
Mandate of Heaven
the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
control of religions given to royal family or nobels
Why did feudalism fail?
Nobles constantly fight, dynasty collapses