Create an account
"man money", amount of gold, oxen, or grain that a murderer had to pay the family of his victim in order to avoid being killed by them. (Chapter 1)
Charlemagne's men who ruled the districts, collect taxes, raise troops for the army, and serve as Charlemagne's representatives in local courts
"envoys of the lord". Charlemagne's two-man teams (priest and a layman) who served a one-year term. They heard complaints of the people, made sure orders were obeyed and that taxes were not being pocketed by administrators
new form of writing that was compact, graceful, easy to read, words seperated with spaces, capitalization
three field system
three fields, one for wheat, one for other grains, one would lay fallow. Cows, sheep, horse would graze and fertilize land. Then each year the three fields would rotate and the next harvest would be more plentiful then the last.
in a castle, contained the lord's living quarters except in times of siege, protection for peasants and animals
"sliding door", Drawbridge, at bottom row of spikes and connected to a pulley-like mechanism. Many castles had two so if the enemy got in they could lower the other and pour boiling liquids to kill enemy
part of knight's clothing, knee-length tunic made up of iron rings that offered protection against spears and swords
part of knight's clothing, quilted or leather garmet that offered protection from the metal hurting the wearer's skin
knight's main weapon and prized possession, in shape of cross so could be held up to knight so the cross could be his last earthly image
knight weapon, a wooden ball studded with metal spikes and attached to a wooden handle by a chain. Used to bludgeon an opponent
war horse, bred for strength, stamina, and courage and trained to ride fearlessly into battle
coat of arms
Crest worn by the knights, each family had its own. Showed a sheild supported by two animals
at age seven a boy of noble birth would become this in order to be a knight, training from ladies in the castle to sing, dance, compose music, manners, learn stories from famous heroes in past
after completing years as a page a young man would become this right before becoming a knight. Oiled knight's armor, took care of horses, waited upon him at meal time, helped knights in any way possible
colors of knighthood
red (willing to shed blood), black (not affraid of death), white (pureness of heart)
Aquitaine noble poets who wrote music and verses about knights who preformed heroic deeds not for power but simply to win the love of a beautiful lady
Order that took up arms to defend pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem, hospitals, or Jersusalem itself. Followed Benedictine Rule.
Order that took strict military vows, started the most effcient baking systems in Europe, only interested in the money
"papa", highest posistion in the Church, one of the most powerful men in Europe during Middle Ages
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