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M4/w4 CH. 13, 14, 19, 20

CH. 13, 14, 19, 20
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Which portion of the renal tubule system is responsible for increasing the surface area for enhanced absorption and secretion?
proximal convoluted tubule
Which outer portion of the kidney contains the glomeruli?
cortex
Which structures unite to form the renal pelvis?
major calyces
Which artery provides the blood supply to the bladder?
vesical
All of the following are true for a nephrectomy EXCEPT that ____.
radical nephrectomy involves excision of the kidney only
Which statement regarding adrenalectomies is NOT true?
adrenal gland can be removed to treat reproductive malignancies.
Which suture would be appropriate for closure of a ureterotomy?
6-0 absorbable
Mild stress incontinence in women can be reduced by a(n) ____.
anterior colporrhaphy
What surgical instrument is used to remove tissue fragments from within the bladder during a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)?
Ellik evacuator
During a TURP, which of the following is a late sign of systemic absorption of the irrigating fluid that affects the neurological system?
seizure
All of the following are false for circumcision EXCEPT that ____.
the procedure can be done on infants with no anesthetic
All of the following are false for vasovasostomy EXCEPT that vasovasotomy ____.
requires the use of a microscope
The vascular supply for the ureters in the pelvic section come from the ____.
branches of the superior or inferior vesical artery
The tunica albuginea ____.
cover the testes
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Cushing's syndrome?
tachycardia
Pheochromocytoma is a tumor affecting the ____.
adrenal medulla
Phimosis is a condition affecting the ____.
penis
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a nuclear medicine study that is specifically designed to detect ____.
pheochromocytoma
The O'Connor shield is a(n) ____.
item that allows the surgeon to examine the prostatic urethra digitally through the rectum without contamination of the operative field
The ____ incision is usually used for an adrenalectomy, a renal biopsy, or the removal of a small low-lying kidney.
lumbar
Varicocelectomy is a procedure to repair ____.
an abnormal dilation of the spermatic veins in the spermatic cord that drain the testicle
Which procedure is used to evaluate heart function?
cardiac catheterization
The MIBG scan is a specific type of isotope scan used to identify a problem with the ____.
adrenal gland
Anaerobic bacteria are able to survive ____.
without oxygen
What term describes making an incision and dissecting through tissue layers to expose the vessel and make an incision into the vessel for the induction of a catheter?
cut down
The range 11.5 to 15.5 is normal for which hematology value?
female hemoglobin
The normal range for the hemoglobin of a female is ____.
11.5% to 15.5%
Which type of biopsy involves the removal of a portion of the tissue mass or lesion for pathology study?
incisional biopsy
Which reconstructive procedures must be performed following pancreaticoduodenectomy?
pancreaticojejunostomy, hepaticojejunostomy (or choledochojejunostomy), and gastrojejunostomy
Which hormone increases the calcium levels in the blood?
parathyroid
The outermost layer of the epidermis that is composed of dead epidermal cells is the stratum ____.
corneum
Which layer of skin functions best as a heat insulator?
subcutaneous
Which cells contribute to the development of hair at the base of the hair follicle?
epidermal
All of the following are false for the type of dressing required for the recipient skin graft site EXCEPT the dressing should ____.
be wet
Which instrument set should a surgical technologist open for an autograft to treat microtia?
thoracic set
Which of the following is an analgesic that can be given to a patient who is about to undergo plastic surgery?
meperidine