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Cell Organelles and Their Functions
Terms in this set (26)
What are 5 groups of living things on earth?
Plants, animals, fungi, protist and bacteria
What are the 2 cell types on earth?
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Name 4 groups of organisms that are Eukaryotic?
Plants Animals Protist Fungi
Give an example of an animal, plant, fungi, and protist.
animal-elephant, plant-sunflower, fungi-mushrooms and protist-alae
What does the prefix "eu" mean?
What does the prefix "pro" mean in the word prokaryote?
Pro means before
What 4 parts do all cells have in common and give their function(short answer on test)
Cell membrane(regulates what enters and leaves), DNA(genetic instructions for making RNA and Proteins), Ribosomes(a organelle within the cell in which protein synthesis occurs), and Cytoplasm(a fluid in which enzymes allow chemical reactions to occur quickly).
Name 3 parts that are found in plant cells and not animal cells and give their function.
-cell wall- plant cell has it( protection and support)
-large central vacuole- large membrane bag used to store materials such as sap waste sugar starch.
-Chloroplast-plant cell has it(captures light and energy then uses light energy to turn co2 plus water to glucose called photosynthesis)
Gel like; enzyme- catalyze reactions occur here
What does endoplasma mean?
Endo means inside, plasma means membrane,
Involved in cell division
Cell membrane(plasma membrane)
Regulates entrance and exit in the cell
Regulates entrance and exit to the nucleus
Involved in cell movement
Flagellum(means one ~~~~), Cillia, and cytoskeleton(means cell)
What Converts food(glucose) to ATP
Mitochondria in process called cellular respiration
What stores energy?
Chloroplast in the process of photosynthesis
What protects the cell?
What maintains animal cell shape?
What is membrane bound packages?
(enclosed membrane, phospholipids all around)vesicle or vacuole
What is used for cell digestion
What is Used to make lipids and for cell detoxification
What is slightly coiled DNA
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