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Paleolithic & Neolithic Era
Paleolithic - "Old Stone Age" ; a long period of human development before the devlopment of agriculture
Neolithic - "New Stone Age" ; marked by the discovery and mastery of agriculture
African peoples that began a centuries long migration that took them to most of sub-Saharan Africa ; influential linguistically
European migrants who settled in India after their union with indigenous Dravidians formed the basis of Hinduism
Mandate of Heaven
Chinese belief that the emperors ruled through the mandate, or approval, of heaven contingent on their ability to look after the welfare of the population
Olmec & Maya
Olmec - early Mesoamerican society that later influenced later Maya
Maya - central American society known for math, astronomy, and a sophisticated written language
Chinese dynasty that was the foundation of Chinese thought formed during period of Confucianism, Daoism, and Zhou Classics
Mauryan & Gupta Dynasty
Mauryan - Indian dynasty founded by Chandragupta Maurya and reaching its peak under Ashoka
Gupta - Indian dynasty that briefly reunited India after the collapse of the earlier Mauryan dynasty
"Song of the Lord" ; and Indian short poetic work drawn from the lengthy Mahabharata that expressed basic Hindu concepts such as karma and dharma
Indian kshatriya who achieved enlightenment and became known as the Buddha, the founder of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths
foundation of Buddhist though:
1) life is pain
2)pain is caused by desire
3) elimintation of desire will bring an end to pain
4)living a life based on the Noble Eightfold Path will eliminate desire
long-lasting empire centered at Constantinople; grew out of the end of the Roman empire, carried the legacy of Roman greatness and was the only classical society to survive into the early modern age; it reached its early peak during the reign of Justinian
Junks & Dhows
Indian, Persian, and Arab ships; weighed one hundred to four hundred tons that sailed and traded throughout the Indian Ocean basin
Chinese system during the Tang dynasty in which the goal was to ensure an equitable distribution of land
massive Christian church constructed by the Byzantine emperor Justinian and later converted into a mosque
Central American empire constructed by the Mexica and expanded during the reigns of Itzcoatl and Montecuzoma I
used by Aztecs ; fertile muck from the lake bottoms was dredged and built up into small plots
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