Chapter 1 - Introducing Windows Server 2008

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Active Directory Configuration - Greg Tomsho
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Terms in this set (...)

Active Directory
The Windows directory service that enables administrators to create and manage users and groups, set network-wide user and computer policies, manage security, and organize network resources.
Datacenter Edition
A Windows Server 2008 edition with support for up to 64 processors, primarily intended for organizations managing huge amounts of data, using virtualization on a large scale, consolidating servers, or running high-volume, transaction-heavy applications.
Domain Controller
A Windows server that has Active Directory installed and is responsible for allowing clients computers access to domain resources.
Enterprise Edition
A Windows Server 2008 edition suitable for medium to large businesses that need high-availability network services. Supports up to eight processors and up to 2 TB RAM. Its most notable feature that isn't available in Standard Edition is clustering.
Member Server
A Windows server that's in the managements scope of a Windows domain but doesn't have Active Directory installed.
Network Client
The part of the OS that sends requests to a server to access network resources.
Network Protocol
Software that specifies the rules and format of communication between devices on a network.
Network Server Software
The part of the OS that receives requests for shared network resources and makes those resources available to a network client.
New Technology File System (NTFS)
A file system used in Windows OSs that supports compression, encryption, and fine-tuned permissions.
Read Only Domain Controller (RODC)
A new feature of Active Directory Domain Services in Windows Server 2008, an RODC provides the same authentication and authorization services as a standard domain controller, but administrators can't make changes on an RODC directly.
Role Services
Services that can be installed in Server Manager to add functions to the main server role. See also server role
Server Core
A new Windows Server 2008 installation option that uses a limited version of the GUI to take up fewer resources.
Server Features
Components you can install that provide functions to enhance or support and installed role or add a stand-alone feature.
Server Operating Systems
OSs designed to emphasize network access performance and run background processes as opposed to desktop applications.
Server Role
A major function or service that a server provides.
Single Sign-On (SSO)
An authentication feature that makes it possible for users to access resources in their own organization as well as partner organizations with just a single log on.
Stand-Alone Server
A Windows server that isn't a domain controller or a member of a domain.
Standard Edition
A Windows Server 2008 edition suitable for most small to medium businesses that need a robust solution for file and printer sharing, centralized control over user accounts and network resources, and common services found in most networks.
Virtual Machine
A software environment that simulates the computer hardware an OS requires for installation. A virtual machine creates in software all the hardware you find on a computer, including BIOS, disk controllers, hard devices, CD/DVD drives, serial ports, USB ports, RAM, network interfaces, viedo cards and even processes.
Windows Domain
A group of Windows computers that share common management and are subject to rules and policies that an administrator defines.
Windows Web Server 2008
A Windows Server 2008 edition designed to operate as a single-purpose Web server running IIS 7.0
Windows Workgroup
Also called a peer-to-peer network, it's a small collection of Windows computers whose users typically have something in common, such as the need to share files or printers with each other. No computer has authority or control over another. Logons, security, and resource sharing are decentralized.
C. Operating system software that includes directory services and domain name services
Which of the following best defines a computer used as a server?
A. Computer hardware that includes fast disk drive and a lot of memory
B. Operating system software that includes clients, such as a Web browser and Client for Microsoft Networks
C. Operating system software that includes directory services and domain name services
D. A computer with Linux installed
D. Supports only 10 network connections
Which of the following best describes a Windows client OS?
A. Supports up to 64 processors
B. Includes disk fault-tolerance features, such as RAID
C. Supports network connections based on the number of purchased license
D. Supports only 10 network connections
Enterprise
Windows Server 2008 __________ supports a maximum of eight processes.
B. Supports only four processors
Which of the following is true of Windows Web Server 2008?
A. Supports hot-add memory
B. Supports only four processors
C. Supports a single virtual license
D. Supports 2 TB of RAM in the 64-bit version
C. Enterprise Edition
You have recently purchased a new computer that supports four processors, 64-bit processing, and up to 256 GB of RAM. You need to run several network applications that you expect will require at least 128 GB of RAM and possibly more. Which of the following Windows Server 2008 editions should you install on your server?
A. Windows Web Server 2008
B. Standard Edition
C. Enterprise Edition
D. Datacenter Edition
False
Each core in a multicore processor counts toward the maximum number of processors that Windows Server 2008 supports. True or False?
A. Windows Web Server 2008
You have purchased a new server that supports up to 8GB of RAM and two processor sockets. You're currently running three other servers that provide Active Directory services, file and printer sharing, and DNS. This new server will act as a departmental Web server for about 50 users. You want to keep costs a to a minimum. Which of the following editions should you choose?
A. Windows Web Server 2008
B. Standard Edition
C. Enterprise Edition
D. Datacenter Edition
D. Datacenter Edition
You're considering purchasing a new server with Windows Server 2008 installed that has the capability to run four or more virtual machines and provides fault-tolerance features, such as adding and replacing memory and CPUs without shutting down the system. Which edition of Windows Server 2008 should you ask to be installed on the server?
A. Windows Web Server 2008
B. Standard Edition
C. Enterprise Edition
D. Datacenter Edition
C. NTFS
You need to support a large disk volume of 200 GB or more and limit the amount of space users' files can occupy on the volume. Which file format should you use?
A. FAT
B. FAT32
C. NTFS
D. DFS
C. NTFS
Which of the following disk formats supports encryption? (Choose all that apply)
A. FAT
B. FAT32
C. NTFS
D. DFS
C. Shadow copies
What feature of the Windows Server 2008 file system should you enable if you want users to be able to restore deleted or previous versions of a file in a shared folder?
A. Distributed File System
B. Disk quotas
C. Shadow copies
D. Bitlocker
Workgroup model
You're a consultant for a small business with four computer users. The company's primary reason for networking is to hsare the Internet connection, two printers, and several documents. Keeping costs down is a major consideration, and users should be able to manage their own shared resources. Which networking model best meets the needs of this business?
D. Network interface
Which networking component includes a device driver?
A. Network server software
B. Netowrk client software
C. Network protocol
D. Network interface
B. File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
If you want to share files with other Windows computers, you should have __________ installed and enabled on your computer.
A. Client for Microsoft Networks
B. File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
C. IPX/SPX protocol
D. Active Directory
E. Domain Name Services
D. Active Directory
If you want to make a computer a domain controller, which of the following should you install?
A. Client for Microsoft Networks
B. File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
C. IPX/SPX protocol
D. Active Directory
E. Domain Name Services
C. IIS
Which of the following server roles turns your computer into a Web Server?
A. Active Directory Domain Services
B. DNS Server
C. IIS
D. Terminal Services
E. Hyper-V
B. Microsoft Management Console
Which of the following is the common framework in which most Windows Server 2008 administrative tools run?
A. Windows Management Center
B. Windows Management Console
C. Server Configuration Manager
D. Windows Configuration Manager
A. A Windows domain using Active Directory
You have been asked to advise a business on how best to set up its Windows network. Eight workstations are running Windows Vista Business. The business recently acquired a new contract that requires running a network application on a server. A secure and reliable environment is critical to run this application, and security management should be centralized. There's enough budget for new hardware and software, if necessary. Which Windows networking model should you advise this business to use?
A. A Windows domain using Active Directory
B. A Windows workgroup using Active Directory
C. A peer-to-peer network using File and Printer Sharing
D. A peer-to-peer network using Active Directory
B. Failover Clustering
Which of the following is not a server role that can be installed in Windows Server 2008?
A. Active Directory Domain Services
B. Failover Clustering
C. File Services
D. Hyper-V
A. A CPU that has virtualization support
C. A 64-bit version of Windows Server
D. A processor that supports hardware data execution and protection
Which of the following is required to install the Hyper-V role in Windows Server 200*? (Choose all that apply)
A. A CPU that has virtualization support
B. 16 GB RAM
C. A 64-bit version of Windows Server
D. A processor that supports hardware data execution and protection
D. Network Access Protection
Your manager has asked you to audit 150 Vista client computer to make sure they are up to date with patches, virus software, and firewall settings. You realize that checking all these computers manually will take an inordinate amount of time. Whic new feature can you configure in Windows Server 2008 to make this job much easier?
D. Enterprise Edition 32-bit Server Core
Your goal is to install Windows Server 2008 using a few hardware resources as possible. You plan to deploy only the DNS Server role on this new server. Your server supports a maximum of 8 GB RAM, and you might need to add failover clustering later. Which Windows Server 2008 edition should you install?
A. Web Edition
B. Standard Edition 64-bit
C. Standard Edition 64-bit Server Core
D. Enterprise Edition 32-bit Server Core
E. Enterprise Edition 64-bit
False
The Terminal Services Remote App feature provides users with a desktop view of the remote computer. True or False
B. Active Directory Certificate Services
If you want to provide users with secure network transactions that verify the identify of sender and receiver with a digital certificate, which role should you consider installing?
A. Active Directory Federation Services
B. Active Directory Certificate Services
C. Active Directory Rights Management Services
D. Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
You have just installed a human resources application that's directory service enabled on a Windows Server 2008 server. You're running mainly Linux in your organization and don't run a Windows domain, but you want to take advantage of the benefits a directory service would provide. Which Windows Server 2008 role should you install?
A. Active Directory Federation Services
B. Active Directory Certificate Services
C. Active Directory Rights Management Services
D. Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services