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Chapter 25 packet

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large,elegant department stores
The new cities' glittering consumer economy was symbolized especially by the rise of
disposing of large quantities of consumer-generated waste material
One of the most difficult new problems generated by the rise of cities and the urban American life-style was
the electric trolley and the skyscraper
Two new technical developments of the late nineteenth century that contributed to the spectacular growth of American cities were
Poland and Italy
Countries from which many of the "New Immigrants" came included
American food imports and religious persecution
Among the factors driving millions of European peasants from their homeland to America were
antisweatshop laws to protect women and child laborers
Besides providing direct services to immigrants, the reformers of Hull House worked for general goals like
Chinese
The one immigrant group that was totally banned from America after 1882 as a result of nativist agitation was the
Jews and Roman Catholics
Two religious groups that grew most dramatically because of the "New Immigration" were
the efforts of some Christian reformers to apply their religious beliefs to new social problems
The phrase "social Gospel" refers to
the cities offered new challenges and opportunities for women
Besides aiding immigrants and promoting social reforms, settlement houses like Jane Addams' Hull House demonstrated that
the biological ideas of Charles Darwin
Traditional American Protestant religion received a substantial blow from
integration and social equality for blacks
Unlike Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois advocated
federal and state "land grant" asistance and the private philanthropy of wealthy donors
In the late nieteenth century, American colleges and universities benefited especially from
utopian reforms to end poverty and eliminate class conflict
American social reformers like Henry George and Edward Bellamy advocated
social realism and contemporary problems
Authors like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and Jack London turned American literature toward a greater concentration with
dumbell tenement
High-rise urban buildings that provided barrackslike housing for urban slum dwellers.
new immigrants
Term for the post-1880 newcomers who came to America primarily from southern and eastern Europe
birds of passage
Immigrants who came to America to earn money for a time and then returned to their native land
social gospel
The religious doctrines preached by those who believed the churches should directly address economic and social problems.
hull house
Settlement house in the Chicago slums that became a model for women's involvement in urban social reform
social worker
Profession established by Jane Addams and others that opened njew opportunities for women while engaging urban problems
American Protective Association (APA)
Nativist organization that attacked "New Immigrants" and Roman Catholicism in the 1880s and 1890s
Roman Catholics
The church that became the largest American religious group, mainly as a result of the "New Immigration"
Tuskegee Institute
Black educational institution founded by Booker T. Washington to provide training in agriculture and crafts
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Organization founded by W.E.B. Du Bois and others to advance black social and economic equality
Progress and Poverty
Henry George's best-selling book that advocated social reform through the imposition of a "single tax" on land
Comstock Law
Federal law promoted by a self-appointed morality crusader and used to prosecute moral and sexual dissidents
Women and Economics
Charlotte Perkins Gilman's book urging women to enter the work force and advocating cooperative kitchens and child-care centers
National Women Sufferage Association
Organization formed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and others to promote the vote for women
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Women's organization founded by reformers Frances Willard and others to oppose alcohol consumption
Henry George
Controversial reformer whose book Progress and Poverty advocated solving problems of economic inequality by a tax on the land
Mark Twain
Midwestern-born writer and lecturer who created a new style of American literatre based on social realism and humor
Henry Adams
Well-connected and socially prominent historian who feared modern trends and sought relief in the beauty and culture of the past
Mary Baker Eddy
Author and founder of a popiular new religion based on principles of spiritual healing
Walter Rauschenbusch
Leading Protestant advocate of the "social gospel" who tried to make Christianityrelevant to urban and industrial problems
Booker T. Washington
Former slave who promoted industrial education and economic opportunity but not social equality for blacks
William James
Harvard scholar who made original contributions to modern psychology and philosophy
Victoria Woodhull
Radical feminist propogandist whose eloquent attacks on conventional social morality shocked many Americans in the 1870s
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Brilliant feminist writer who advocated cooperative cooking and child-care arrangements to promote women's economic independence and equality
Jane Addams
Leading social reformer who lived with the poor in the slums and pioneered new forms of activism for women
Anthony Comstock
Vigorous nineteenth-century crusader for sexual "purity" hwo used federal law to enforce his moral views
W.E.B. Du Bois
Harvard-educated scholar and advocate of full black social and economic equality through the leadership of a "talented tenth"
Louis Sullivan
Chicago-based architect whose high-rise innovation allowed more people to crowd into limited urban space
Dwight L. Moody
Popular evangelical preacher who brought the tradition of old-time revivalism to the industrial city
Emily Dickinson
Gifted but isolated New England poet, the bulk of whose works were not published until after her death
lured millions of rural Americans off the farms and into the cities
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
New industrial jobs and urban excitement
intense poverty and other problems in the crowded urban slums
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Uncontrolled rapid growth and the "New Immigration" from Europe created
helped uproot European pesants from their ancestral lands and sent them seeking new opportunities in America and elsewhere
CAUSE AND EFECT:
Cheap American grain exports to Europe
sharp hostility from some native-born Americans and organized labor groups
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The cultural strangeness and poverty of southern and eastern European immigrants provoked
immigrants and other slum dwellers and pricked middle-class consciences about urban problems
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Social gospel ministers and settlement house workers assisted
Weakened the religious influence in American society and created divisions within the churches
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Darwinian science and growing urban materialism
supported the substantial improvements in American undergraduate and graduate education in the late nineteenth century
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Government land grants and provat philanthropy
Encouraged the mass urban public's taste for scandal and sensation
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Popular newspapers and "yellow jouralism"
created sharp divisions about the new morality and issues such as divorce
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
Changes in moral and sexual attitudes
delay marraige and have fewer children
CAUSE AND EFFECT:
The difficulties of family life in the industrial city led women and men to