41 terms

Literary Elements- English 9GT Final

Literary Terms
STUDY
PLAY
Characterization
the act of creating and developing a character
Direct Characterization
writer directly states a character's trait
Indirect Characterization
Character is revealed by (1) words, thoughts, actions of the characters, (2) character's appearance and background, (3) what other characters say about the character, (4) how other characters react toward the character
flat character
a character that is characterized by one or two traits;
round character
a character that is complex and perhaps even contradictory
dynamic character
a character that changes over the course of the story
static character
a character that does not develop
protagonist
hero or central character of literary work
antagonist
a person or force which opposes the protagonist in a literary work
plot
the event and actions of a story
setting
the time and place in which a story unfolds
tone
the author's attitude towards his or her subject
mood
the feeling, emotional state, or atmosphere of a literary work
internal conflict
a mental, emotional, or psychological struggle within a character
external conflict
the opposition between two characters, two groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, etc.
first person point of view
narrator participates in the story
third person point of view
narrator stands outside the story itself
genre
a literary type; the four major genres are fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama
allegory
a narrative which has both a literal meaning and a representative one
satire
a piece of literature designed to ridicule the subject of the work
symbolism
device in literature which an object represents an idea
theme
the lesson, main message, or moral of a story
motif
a recurring element that appears frequently in a work of literature
flashback
reference to an event which took place prior to the beginning of the story
foreshadow
a method used to build suspense by providing hints of what is to come
irony of situation
the result of an action is the reverse of what the actor expected
dramatic irony
when the audience knows something that the characters in the drama do not
verbal irony
the contrast between the literal meaning of what is said and what is meant
dialect
a distinct way of speaking by a group of people from a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class
imagery
a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell
allusion
a reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work
simile
the form of a comparison between two unlike quantities for which a basis for comparison can be found, and which uses the words "like" or "as" in the comparison
metaphor
a comparison is made between two unlike things without the use of the words "like" or "as"
alliteration
a repetition of the initial sounds of several words in a group
hyperbole
an overstatement or exaggeration
personification
something nonhuman is given human characteristics
onomatopoeia
he sound of a word echoes the sound it represents
diction
the author's choice of word
oxymoron
a combination of contradictory ideas
syntax
the way words are arranged in a sentence
parallel structure
a series of words, phrases, or sentences that have a similar or grammatical form for emphasis