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24 terms

The American Revoultion

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minute men
they were usually the best trained or most experienced soldiers for the colonies (Paul Revere was one.)
redcoats
British soldiers
Paul Revere
he was sent to warn the militia that the British were coming. he was also sent to warn Sam Adams and John Hancock they were going to arrest them
Lexington
on April 19, 1775 the first shots of the American Revoultion were fired here
Concord
the British wanted to come here to capture weapons the militia had stored here. the women hid the supplies. the colonists forced the britsh to retreat back to Boston
Fort Ticonderoga
main supply fort(post) for the British army on Lake Champlain the americans captured it
Green Mountain Boys
led by Ethan Allen they were farmers and blacks who served for the colonists
Battle of Bunker Hill
whoever controlled the hills surronding Charlestown, could fire directly on Boston. Putnam or General Prescott colonial general "Don't fire till you see the whites of their eyes." Colonists ran out of ammuntion and started to retreat , British commander Colonial Petcairson declared victory. Peter Salem, a former slave, shot him.
Thomas Paine
he published a pamphlet "Common Sense" he arguged that the colonists should give loyalty to an unjust ruler.
William Howe
British general who was forced out of Boston by Henry Knox when Knox and his militia had cannon staring down at them
Mercenaries
a soldier paid to fight for another country. the British hired German mercenaries called Hessians.
Nathan Hale
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
Battle of Trenton
Washington surprised Hessians at Trenton, NJ on Dec 26, 1776. Hessians surrendered and Washington crossed the Delaware to attack.
John Burgonye
British general who wanted to capture the Hudson River Valley to cut off New England and New York from the rest of the Colonies
Thaddeus Kuseiuszko
Polish; helped the Americans
Battle of Saratoga
American placed cannons and were ready for the British. Burgonye reached Saratoga, New York, the Americans outnumbered the British
October 17, 1777
Burgonye surrendered
Marquis de Lafayette
French who helped the Americans. He became a general on George Washington's staff.
Valley Forge
Washington and his troops stayed here during winter
Frieduch von Stueben
German soliders who helped train the Americans in the latest European fighting techniques.techni
France
On 1778, they joined the Americans side and sent gunpowder, soldiers, and ships.
Mary Ludwig Hays
She brought pitchers of water to thirsty, American soldiers during battle.She is also known as "Molly Pitcher". she also used guns and cannons
Battle of Yorktown
Nathaneal Greene forced the British to retreat north. Cornwallis had James Armistead spy on the Americans not realizing Armistead was spying for America. The American and French soldiers surronded Yorktown and they blocked the harbors. Cornwallis surrendered on Oct 17, 1781
Treaty of Paris
1783 Britain finally recongized th independence of the United States.