OK History Chapter 9 Review
Terms in this set (41)
What states were for the North?
Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Connecticut, New York, Rhode Island, Massachussets, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine,California, Kansas, Oregon
What states were for the South?
South Carolina, Mississippi, Missouri, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Tennesse, North Carolina, Virginia
What was the cause of the civil war?
Tensions of slavery. Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 and he opposed slavery, supported free western homesteads, protective tarrifs, and a transcontinental railroad.
Who did the Five Tribes side with?
Dred Scott Case
1857-Court ruled that slaves were "beings of an inferior order with no rights which white men were bound to respect". This ruling meant that Congress had no right to stop slavery in the territories.
Compromise of 1850
Proposed by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. The Texas- New Mexico boundary was settled, Texas received 10 million dollars to pay off its debts to Mexico. The northern boundary of the Texas Panhandle was established at the 36*30'N latitude line. The territories of New Mexico and Utah were organized without a mention of slavery. California was admitted as a free state.
About 60 miles northwest of Fort Washita. Made to maintain peace among the Indians south of the Canadian River. Manned in Indian Territory in the spring of 1861. Lowered the flag with military honors.
on the Choctaw lands. Troops immediately to move from Fort Cobb to new camp. Custer's troops camped there. Eventually abandoned in 1869.
Union captured Fort Gibson. Supplies arrived there for The Battle of Cabin Creek. On Texas Road.
In Southeast corner of the Chickasaw nation. Taken over by a regiment of the Texas State Militia. Protection for Chickasaw and Choctaw. Eventually abandoned in 1865.
Refused to sign the Confederate treaty. He was a wealthy plantation owner with slaves. Led Upper (Loyal) Creeks to Chusto Talasah or Caving Banks on Bird Creek north of Tulsa.
Cowskin Prairie Council
Place where the Cherokee withdrew from the Confederacy, declared Stand Watie and his followers outlaws, and abolished slavery.
Battle of Cabin Creek
1863-Colonel Phillips of the Union persuaded Cherokee to withdraw from Confederacy. Union infantry held offf Watie's men, and the supplied arrived at Fort Gibson as planned. The first engagement of the Civil War in which black, white, and Indian troops fought side by side. UNION WIN.
Battle of Honey Springs
July 17 1863-With talk of Cooper attack, Blunt decided to attack Cooper's troops at Honey Springs. Cooper's forces retreated and set fire on their storage buildings. UNION WIN. Largest, bloodiest, and most decisive Civil War battle in the Indian Territory.
Battle of Pea Ridge
March 1862-Union led by General Samuel Curtis won against the Confederates. 4600 Confederates lost their lives. 1400 Union soldiers lost their lives.
Battle of Perryville
August 1863-Surprise attack at Perryville. Blunt (Union) stole Confederate supplies and ordered their town burned.
a large body of military troops
occurs when someone legally has the authority to make decisions for and care for and control all of the property of someone
allowed those living in a certain territory to decide for themselves if they wanted slavery
a member of a small military group that harasses the enemy
not take sides
those against slavery
the issue of whether federal or state authority should prevail
a station in a remote or sparsely populated area
from Massachusetts who proposed the Compromise of 1850 to save the Union.
Uniuon General who attacked Confederates in The Battle of Honey Springs and Perryville.
Samuel Bell Maxey
General of the Confederacy who attempted to care for the Indian refugees along the Red River Valley
a Confederate raider, primarily based in Kansas, who periodically roamed in Indian Territory
a Brigadier General for Union who battled 16000 Confederates in Pea Ridge
Confederate President that named Albert Pike as Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
appointed brigadier general and given command of ndian Territory. Urged John Ross to join Confederacy. Led Confederates at Pea Ridge and was killed.
Drilling a group of mixedblood Cherokee horsemen to fight for the Confederacy. Regiment was called the Cherokee Mounted Rifles. Led Cherokee troups and was the last to surrender who gave up his sword at Doaksville.
Commanded the Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles (Confederacy). Defeated Indians in Battle at Round Mountain. Fought in many battles.
Commissioner of Indian Affairs who negotiated with the tribes for Indians to join the Confederacy.
From Kentucky, Nominated for the Southern Democrats.
Elected president in 1860, led to the civil war. President of Union.
Earl Van Dorn
Confederate Major that led them in Pea Ridge
John C. Calhoun
Senator for South Carolina who spoke out for state's rights and demanded that the balance between slave and free states be maintained. Threatened that southern states would secede from Union if the balance was not maintained.
senator from the new free state of Kansas; the first to organize a unit of African American soldiers in August 1862, "The First Kansas Colored Infantry"