How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

31 terms

AP Language Rhetorical Terms Quiz 1

STUDY
PLAY
abstract language
language expressing a quality apart from a specific object or event; opposite of concrete language
ad hominem
"against a man"; attacking the arguer rather than the argument or issue
ad populum
"to the people"; playing on the prejudices of the audience
allegory
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
alliteration
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words (as in "she sells sea shells").
allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.
ambiguity
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
analogy
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.
anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase
antecedent
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
antithesis
the opposition or contrast of ideas; the direct opposite.
appeal to tradition
a proposal that something should continue because it has traditionally existed or been done that way
aphorism
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle. (If the authorship is unknown, the statement is generally considered to be a folk proverb.)
apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity.
argument
a process of reasoning and advancing proof about issues on which conflicting views may be held; also, a statement or statements providing support for a claim
atmosphere
The emotional nod created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described.
audience
those who will hear an argument; more generally, those to whom a communication is addressed
authoritative warrant
a warrant based on the credibility or trustworthiness of the source
authority
a respectable, reliable source of evidence
backing
the assurances upon which a warrant or assumption is based
begging the question
making a statement that assumes that the issue being argued has already been decided
caricature
a verbal description, the purpose of which is to exaggerate or distort, for comic effect, a person's distinctive physical features or other characteristics.
cause and effect
reasoning that assumes one event or condition can bring about another
chiasmus
A crossing parallelism where the second part of a grammatical construction is balanced or paralleled by the first part, only in reverse order.
claim
the conclusion of an argument; what the arguer is trying to prove
claim of fact
a claim that asserts something exists, has existed, or will exist, based on data that the audience will accept as objectively verifiable
claim of policy
a claim asserting that specific courses of action should be instituted as solutions to problems
claim of value
a claim that asserts some things are more or less desirable than others
clause
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
cliche
a worn-out expression or idea, no longer capable of producing a visual image provoking thought about a subject
colloquial
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing.