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18 terms

Am. Gov. Vocab

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Concurrent jurisdiction
authority shared by both federal and state courts
Original jurisdiction
the authority of a trail court to be first to hear a case
Appellate jurisdiction
authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed from lower court
Litigant
a person engaged in a lawsuit
Due process clause
fourteenth amendment clause stating that no state may deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
Due process law
principle in the Fifth Amendment stating that the government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals
Grand jury
group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether there is sufficient evidence to bring the person to trial
Indictment
a formal charge by a grand jury
Riding the circuit
traveling to hold court in a justice's assigned region of the country
Opinion
a written explanation of a Supreme Court decision; also, in some states, a written interpretation of a state constitution or state laws by the state's attorney general
Brief
a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, relevant facts, and precedents supporting one side of a case
Defendant
the person against whom a civil or criminal suit is brought into court
Plaintiff
person who brings charges into court
Perjury
lying under oath
Pardon
a release from legal punishment
Parole
means by which a prisoner is allowed to serve the rest of a sentence in the community under the supervision of a parole officer
Jury
a group of citizens who hear evidence during a trial and give a verdict
American Bar Association
the largest national organization of attorneys