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Psychology Test #1
Terms in this set (29)
The first psychology laboratory was established in ____ by _____?
1879 by Wilheim Wundt (Germany)
William Wundt is often called the "father" of modern psychology because:
He was the first founder of modern psychology and opened the first laboratory.
Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of?
Behavior and mental processes
Which of the following research areas would belong in the field of psychology, as it is defined in the textbook?
Studying how nutrition affects children's activity levels
Your Aunt Laura decides to use her personal experiences to write a book about how people solve problems. She asks you if it might get published in a journal of psychology. You tell her that some psychologists might not classify her project as "psychology" because:
It's not clear if she is using the scientific method
You overhear someone on the bus talking about how Sigmund Freud is the father of psychology. You might point out that Willheim Wundt is a better candidate because:
He started the first psychology lab.
A friend taking a physics class sees you reading about the history of psychology and asks "Isn't that supposed to be a science class? Why are you studying about its history?" Which of the following is the best argument to offer your friend?
You need to study history to understand where we are in psychology today.
Name the historical psychologists who would be most likely to disagree with the following statement: "Psychology is the science and mental processes, so psychological conclusions must be based on experimentation, not personal insight."
Sigmund Freud - never based on experiments
In its early years, psychology focused on the study of _____; from the 1920s to 1960s, American psychologists emphasized the study of ___.
Mental processes; observable behaviors
Most early psychologists were white men because:
Because women weren't allowed to go to colleges - they were prohibited.
Today, half of all psychology Ph.D.s and two thirds of all psychology graduate students are:
Psychological perspectives are:
Ways to explain human behavior
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
Hany signs up for a psych class at his hs cause he is most interested in investigating the unique ways DIFFERENT IINDIVIDUALS THINK AND INTERPRET LIFE EXPERIENCES. Which perspective will Hany most likely focus on in his psychology class?
Which perspective of psychology would emphasize that the differing political and economic systems of the US and China lead citizens of these two countries to adopt different customs and attitudes?
Dr. Wilson attributes the actions of criminal gang members to the cultural norms and role expectations associated with gang membership. Her belief best illustrates a __ perspective?
Illustrates a social- cultural perspective
The behaviorists emphasized that:
Psychology should focus only on studying observable behavior.
Fifty years ago, which psychological topics would be least likely to be studied due to trends in psych?
Mrs. Thompson believes that her son has learned to play the piano because she consistently rewards his efforts to learn with praised and affection. Her belief best illustrates a _____ perspective.
During the period 1900 to 1950, which of the psychological projects would have had the most difficulty getting funding or respect in the psych community?
Studying successful students thinking about school and learning. They were more focused on "ill patients" after WW2.
The behavior genetics perspective can be described as a combination of which two other psychological perspectives?
Biological and behavioral
Which of the following psychological perspectives would an evolutionary psychologist be most likely interested in?
Biological - passed through DNA
Martin Seligman summarized the missions of psych before WW2. Which of the missions does he say current psychology mostly ignores?
Studying what makes life fulfilling and nurturing high talent. After WW2, they wanted to study positive people.
The movement called positive psych investigates such topics as:
Courage, originality, and wisdom.
Professor Crisman believes that most women prefer tall and physically strong partners because this preference enhanced the reproductive success of our female ancestors. This viewpoint best shows as the _______ perspective.
If you wanted to do research in the area of positive psychology you might study:
Techniques to increasing attributes like courage and integrity.
The specialist most likely to diagnose and treat patients is a:
What is the main difference between clinical psychologists and academic psychologists?
Clinical Psychologists diagnose and treat patients. Academic Psychologists do the research.
Organizational psychologists use psychology to:
Help businesses operate better and run efficiently.
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