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Ch 11-13


In the 1800s, upper South states like Virginia and Maryland continued to rely on the cultivation of _____.


By 1850, the growing of _____ dominated the economy of the lower South.


In the mid-1800s, the principal means of transportation in most parts of the South was _____.

De Bow's Review

From 1846 to 1880, the Southern magazine _____ constantly warned the South about the dangers of depending on the North economically.


Many white Southerners of the 1800s saw themselves as _____, people who were free from base acquisitive instincts and concerned with a refined and gracious way of life.


Before the Civil War, the _____ aristocracy dominated the society of the South.


Wealthy Southern whites of the 1800s adopted an elaborate code of _____, which obligated white men to defend their own honor through dueling.


On most farms of the antebellum South, the _____ was the principal economic unit.

Hill people

The only significant group of white Southerners who opposed slavery between 1830 and 1860 was the _____.


The "poor white trash" of the South of the 1850s were often known by the nickname _____.

Peculiar institution

White Southerners often referred to slavery as the _____.

Slave codes

The laws of Southern states that established and regulated the system of slavery were known as _____.

Task, gang

The two methods for assigning slave labor on a plantation were the _____ system and the _____ system.

The Caribbean

Of all parts of the Americas, _____ assigned slaves the most backbreaking work.


To _____ is defined as to free slaves by their owner.


A shuffling, grinning, head scratching, deferential slave who acted out the role the white world expected was called a _____.

Nat Turner

In 1831, _____ led a slave revolt in Virginia that killed more than sixty whites.

Slave patrols

Before the Civil War, _____ roamed the South looking for runaways to return to their masters.


Slaves in America created _____, a simple, common language combining both English and African words.

Extended kinship

Although slaves tried to use the structure of the nuclear family, the slave trade forced them to supplement that structure with the _____ network.


The militant leaders of the South in the mid-1800s were known as _____.

South Carolina

_____ was the first Southern state to withdraw from the Union.


Before the Civil War broke out, Southern Senators favored a compromise plan known as the _____ Compromise.


Throughout most of the Civil War, the South remained in its own territory and fought a _____ war.


The _____ Act of 1862 promoted the rapid development of the West by permitting any citizen or prospective citizen to claim 160 acres of public land after living on it for five years.


During the Civil War, the United States government issued _____, which were paper currency that the government did not back with gold or silver.

Clement L. Vallandigham

During the Civil War, the most prominent Peace Democrat, _____, was arrested by military authorities and exiled to the Confederacy.

Emancipation Proclamation

In late 1862, Lincoln took a giant step toward eliminating slavery by issuing the _____.

Manifest Destiny

The idea that the United States was certain to spread across much of the North American continent, known as _____, was one of the most important factors in the expansion of the United States during the 1840s.

The "American Race"

Americans defended the idea of westward expansion by citing the superiority of _____.

Henry Clay

The Whig candidate for president in 1844, _____ thought that expansion would threaten the stability of the Union.


During the 1820s, the government of _____ encouraged Americans to migrate to Texas.

Stephen F. Austin

During the 1820s and 1830s, the most successful person bringing immigrants to Texas was _____

Santa Anna

In 1836, the Texans defeated the army led by the Mexican dictator, _____, at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Sam Houston

The first president of Texas, _____, immediately requested annexation by the United States.


The _____ Trail stretched westward for 2000 miles from Independence, Missouri, through the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains.

Rio Grande

The _____ River was the center of the boundary dispute between the United States and Mexico

Santa Fe

The _____ Trail connected Independence, Missouri, with the trading center of New Mexico.

James K. Polk

President _____ committed himself to acquiring both Texas and Oregon for the United States.


In 1848, the United States and _____ concluded the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.


Popular sovereignty was sometimes known by the less dignified title of _____ sovereignty.

Martin Van Buren

In 1848, former President _____ was the presidential candidate of the Free Soil party.


The people who migrated to California in a hurry during the California Gold Rush were known as _____.

Henry Clay

Senator _____ tried and failed to get Congress to accept his omnibus bill to settle the sectional controversies of 1850

Millard Fillmore

Passing the Compromise of 1850 became easier when President Taylor died and _____ became president.

Stephen A. Douglas

Senator _____ was largely responsible for the passage of both the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.


In 1854, the kingdom of _____ agreed to become part of the United States, but the treaty of annexation died in the Senate.


The _____ party was formed by people who opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.

John Brown

_____ led a small group of Kansas abolitionists who murdered and mutilated five proslavery settlers at the Pottawatomie Massacre.

John C. Calhoun

In 1837, the Southern politician _____ stated that Southerners should stop apologizing for slavery and defend it as "a good—positive good."

John C. Fremont

In 1856, _____ was the first Republican party candidate for president.


In 1861, Kansas was finally admitted to the Union as a _____ state.

Robert E. Lee

United States troops under the command of _____ defeated John Brown's attempt to start a slave insurrection.

Constitutional Union

In 1860, a group of former Whigs created the _____ party and ran John Bell of Tennessee for president.


Prominent abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Frederick Douglass became the most popular _____ orators in the North.

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