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55 terms

Review Quizlet #3

Ch 11-13
STUDY
PLAY
Tobacco
In the 1800s, upper South states like Virginia and Maryland continued to rely on the cultivation of _____.
Cotton
By 1850, the growing of _____ dominated the economy of the lower South.
Water
In the mid-1800s, the principal means of transportation in most parts of the South was _____.
De Bow's Review
From 1846 to 1880, the Southern magazine _____ constantly warned the South about the dangers of depending on the North economically.
Cavaliers
Many white Southerners of the 1800s saw themselves as _____, people who were free from base acquisitive instincts and concerned with a refined and gracious way of life.
Planter
Before the Civil War, the _____ aristocracy dominated the society of the South.
Chivalry
Wealthy Southern whites of the 1800s adopted an elaborate code of _____, which obligated white men to defend their own honor through dueling.
Family
On most farms of the antebellum South, the _____ was the principal economic unit.
Hill people
The only significant group of white Southerners who opposed slavery between 1830 and 1860 was the _____.
Crackers
The "poor white trash" of the South of the 1850s were often known by the nickname _____.
Peculiar institution
White Southerners often referred to slavery as the _____.
Slave codes
The laws of Southern states that established and regulated the system of slavery were known as _____.
Task, gang
The two methods for assigning slave labor on a plantation were the _____ system and the _____ system.
The Caribbean
Of all parts of the Americas, _____ assigned slaves the most backbreaking work.
Manumission
To _____ is defined as to free slaves by their owner.
Sambo
A shuffling, grinning, head scratching, deferential slave who acted out the role the white world expected was called a _____.
Nat Turner
In 1831, _____ led a slave revolt in Virginia that killed more than sixty whites.
Slave patrols
Before the Civil War, _____ roamed the South looking for runaways to return to their masters.
Pidgin
Slaves in America created _____, a simple, common language combining both English and African words.
Extended kinship
Although slaves tried to use the structure of the nuclear family, the slave trade forced them to supplement that structure with the _____ network.
Fire-eaters
The militant leaders of the South in the mid-1800s were known as _____.
South Carolina
_____ was the first Southern state to withdraw from the Union.
Crittenden
Before the Civil War broke out, Southern Senators favored a compromise plan known as the _____ Compromise.
Defensive
Throughout most of the Civil War, the South remained in its own territory and fought a _____ war.
Homestead
The _____ Act of 1862 promoted the rapid development of the West by permitting any citizen or prospective citizen to claim 160 acres of public land after living on it for five years.
Greenbacks
During the Civil War, the United States government issued _____, which were paper currency that the government did not back with gold or silver.
Clement L. Vallandigham
During the Civil War, the most prominent Peace Democrat, _____, was arrested by military authorities and exiled to the Confederacy.
Emancipation Proclamation
In late 1862, Lincoln took a giant step toward eliminating slavery by issuing the _____.
Manifest Destiny
The idea that the United States was certain to spread across much of the North American continent, known as _____, was one of the most important factors in the expansion of the United States during the 1840s.
The "American Race"
Americans defended the idea of westward expansion by citing the superiority of _____.
Henry Clay
The Whig candidate for president in 1844, _____ thought that expansion would threaten the stability of the Union.
Mexico
During the 1820s, the government of _____ encouraged Americans to migrate to Texas.
Stephen F. Austin
During the 1820s and 1830s, the most successful person bringing immigrants to Texas was _____
Santa Anna
In 1836, the Texans defeated the army led by the Mexican dictator, _____, at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Sam Houston
The first president of Texas, _____, immediately requested annexation by the United States.
Oregon
The _____ Trail stretched westward for 2000 miles from Independence, Missouri, through the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains.
Rio Grande
The _____ River was the center of the boundary dispute between the United States and Mexico
Santa Fe
The _____ Trail connected Independence, Missouri, with the trading center of New Mexico.
James K. Polk
President _____ committed himself to acquiring both Texas and Oregon for the United States.
Mexico
In 1848, the United States and _____ concluded the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Squatter
Popular sovereignty was sometimes known by the less dignified title of _____ sovereignty.
Martin Van Buren
In 1848, former President _____ was the presidential candidate of the Free Soil party.
Forty-niners
The people who migrated to California in a hurry during the California Gold Rush were known as _____.
Henry Clay
Senator _____ tried and failed to get Congress to accept his omnibus bill to settle the sectional controversies of 1850
Millard Fillmore
Passing the Compromise of 1850 became easier when President Taylor died and _____ became president.
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator _____ was largely responsible for the passage of both the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Hawaii
In 1854, the kingdom of _____ agreed to become part of the United States, but the treaty of annexation died in the Senate.
Republican
The _____ party was formed by people who opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.
John Brown
_____ led a small group of Kansas abolitionists who murdered and mutilated five proslavery settlers at the Pottawatomie Massacre.
John C. Calhoun
In 1837, the Southern politician _____ stated that Southerners should stop apologizing for slavery and defend it as "a good—positive good."
John C. Fremont
In 1856, _____ was the first Republican party candidate for president.
Free
In 1861, Kansas was finally admitted to the Union as a _____ state.
Robert E. Lee
United States troops under the command of _____ defeated John Brown's attempt to start a slave insurrection.
Constitutional Union
In 1860, a group of former Whigs created the _____ party and ran John Bell of Tennessee for president.
Lyceum
Prominent abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Frederick Douglass became the most popular _____ orators in the North.