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AP Human Geography Unit 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (85)
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
a teacher of or believer in Bahaism
Observable actions of responses of humans or animals
specific ideas that people hold to be true
the practice of teaching immigrant students in their own language
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities of people
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
The subfield of human geography that looks at how cultures vary over space.
Heartland, source area, innovation center, place of origin of a major culture
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
the practice of judging a culture by its own standards
the process by which one generation passes culture to the next
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
the migration of religious or ethnic groups to foreign lands despite their continued affiliation with the land and customs of their origin
Durkheim's sacred and profane
Sacred: the religious, transcendent world
Profane: the secular, everyday world
derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
religion that no longer exists
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
folk culture region
When many people who live in a land space share at least some of the same folk customs.
the composite culture, both material and non-material, that shapes the lives of folk societies
a demarcated area of the Earth
famous geographer wo wrote about cultural diffusion
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
Indo-European language family
Family of languages with the greatest number of speakers, spoken in most of Europe and areas of European settlement and in much of southwestern and southern Asia.
the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
the mental faculty or power of vocal communication
Group of languages with a shared but fairly distant origin
group of languages with more commonality than a language family (indicates they have branched off more recently in history)
a common language used by speakers of different languages
Many languages spoken by a small group of people.
the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone
the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will untimately be superseded
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools ,campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
spread of an idea through people, in which the phenomena weakens or dies out at its previous source ... moves like a "Slinky" (e.g., spread of the Spanish Flu toward the end of World War I).
a religion with one god
common use of two or more languages in a society or country
Human creations, such as values, norms, knowledge, systems of government, language, and so on, that are not embodied in physical objects
rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
an artificial language used for trade between speakers of different languages
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
reformers who protested some practices of the catholic church
an awareness of being a part of a group of people living in a culture region
religion: branches, denominations, sects
branches(large and basic divisions within a religion)
denominations(divisions of branches that unite local groups in a single administration)
sects(relatively small groups that do not affiliate with the more mainstream denominations)
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
This branch of Christianity arose because of the Roman's split by Diocletian.
He wrote about diffusion in Agriculural Origins and Dispersals.
an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam
smaller landscapes that symbolize a bigger area or category. iconic landscapes, i.e. the state capitol symbolizes WI. every landscape can symbolize something, but these are focal points for people's attention
designs that stand for other things or ideas
the fusion of originally different inflected forms (resulting in a reduction in the use of inflections)
The Buddhist yana whose path is the transformation of neurotically confused emotions into their enlightened equivalents.
the way of the elders"; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
the branch of lexicology that studies the place names of a region or a language
a religion that has originality and is not modernized
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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