AP Euro Chapter 28
Terms in this set (22)
The rivalry between the Soviet Union amd the United States that divided much of Europe into a Soviet-aligned Communist blocs and a US-aligned capitalist bloc between 1945 and 1989
Postwar refugees, including 13 million Germans, former Nazi prisoners and forced laborers and orphaned children
America's policy geared to containing communism to those countries already under Soviet control
American plan for providing economic aid to Western Europe to help it rebuild
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance(COMECON)
An economic organization of communist states meant to help rebuild East Bloc countries under Soviet auspices
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, an anti-Soviet military alliance of Western governments
Soviet-backed military alliance of East Bloc Communist countries in Europe
Term contemporaries used to describe rapid economic growth, often based on the consumer sector, in post-World War II Western Europe
Center-right political parties that rose to power in Western Europe after the Second World War
The European Economic Community, created by six Western and Central European countries in the West Bloc in 1957 as part of a larger search for European unity
Artistic movement that followed the dictates of Communist ideals, enforced by state control in the Soviet Union and East Bloc countries in the 1950s and 1960s
The liberation of post-Stalin Soviet Union led by reformer Niketa Khrushchev
The postwar reversal of Europes overseas expansion caused by the rising demand of the colonized peoples themselves, the declining power of European nations, and the freedoms promised by the U.S. and Soviet ideals
Policy of post colonial governments to remain neutral in the Cold War and play both the Unites States and the Soviet Union for what they could get
A system designed to perpetuate Western economic domination and undermine the promise of political independence given to former colonies
Guest Worker Programs
Government-run programs in Western Europe designed to recruit labor for the booming post-war economy
The postwar movement of people from former colonies and the developing world into Europe
Why was World War II followed so quickly by the Cold War?
During WWII the Big Three(USRR, USA, and the United States) were very focused on defeating the Nazis but once the war ended some issues including distrust surfaced. The USRR only trusted Communists and the USA pushed with capitalism
What were the sources of postwar recovery and stability in Western Europe?
The Marshal Plan poured money into Europe from the U.S. and the Korean War helped too
What was the pattern of postwar development in the Soviet Bloc
The USSR moved to a rigid dictatorship but when Stalin does in 1953 there was some reform
What led to decolonization after World War II, and how did the Cold War influence the process?
During WWII the Japanese captured some European colonies which showed that Europe was not invincible. Then more colonies were demanding freedom and Wester Europe was too weak to fight. When the East Bloc offered military, and economic aid, and promised to bring freedom and equality if they followed Communism, the U.S. And Western Europe offered economic aid and weaponry to anti-communist states
How did changes in social relations contribute to European stability on both sides of the iron curtain?
Many jobs moved to managers or experts(engineers, accountants) in the Middle class for both the East and West Bloc. People of the Lower Class(farmers) moved to the cities in the East and West bloc. Guest worker programs opened in the west for immigration. Many people also moved to Europe from their former colonies(Postcolonial migration)
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