the study of places, it's physical features (geo =earth) (graphy = written description location)
art of making maps carto = maps graph = to write or draw
scientist who studies the earth
spherical representation of the earth, it represents the earth most accurately
contain some distortion but are able to show more detail
any method that cartographers use to show the earth's round surface on a flat map.
it shows land along the equator correctly but top/bottom are distorted.
Goode's Interrupted Projection
projection that cuts and flattens the earth like an orange peel. The map remain in one piece, but the earth is "interrupted" with gaps or cuts. The shapes and sizes of landmasses are fairly accurate. But this projection distorts distances and all north to south direcitons
imaginary line around the center of the Earth. It divided the Northern and Southern hemishphers
line of latitude
a line that runs parallel to the equator
line of longitude
a line that runs north to south on the map also called meridian.
labeled 0% longitude, imaginary line dividing Eastern and Western Hemisphere
Seven large land masses: North America South America Africa Asia Australia Europe Antartica
large bodies of water: Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean
shows the man made boundaries around countries.
borders between the countries
a map that divides earth according to people's culture (basic customs, beliefs, and languages North America Latin America Europe Central Eurasia Africa Middle East Asia Oceania
boundaries of regions according to land features
is a region that shares the same time.
international date line
marks where the date changes. It is an imaginary line in the Pacific Ocean at about 180 degrees longitude. A person traveling west across the date line loses one day. A person traveling east over the date line gains one day.
tell you what the symbols on a map represent.
It is a small design that tell you the directions on a map.
the four main directions in a compass rose: north, east, south and west
in a compass rose the halfway between the cardinal directions. the intermediate directions are northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest.
compares distance on a map to a distance in the real world. A map scale usually shows miles or kilometers on the earth as fractions of inches or centimeteres
shows the cities and the roads that connect one place to another
shows information about a place as it was in the past.