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10 terms

NASM PES: Chapter 1: Essentials_Integrated Training

STUDY
PLAY
strength
the ability of the neuromuscular system to exert force against resistance
synergistic dominance
when synergists compensate for a weak or inhibited prime mover in an attempt to maintain force production and functional movement patterns
ari
when a tight muscle causes decreased neural drive to its functional antagonist
neuromuscular eff
the ability of the Human Movement System to allow agonists, antagonists, synergists, and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce force, reduce force, and dynamically stabilize the entire Human Movement System.
core
provides intersegmental stability, deceleration, and force production during athletic activities.
flexibility
the ability of the Human Movement System to have optimum range of motion as well as meuromuscular control throughout that range of motion.
stretch- shortening cycle
an active stretch (eccentric contraction) of a muscle followed by an immediate shortening (concentric contraction) of that same muscle.
torque
a force that produces rotation
agonists
muscles that act as prime movers
antagonists
muscles that act in direct opposition to prime movers