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15 terms

Infection Control

Prevention and control of infection
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Infection
condition produced when an infective agent becomes established in or on a suitable host; infections usually have signs and symptoms
Influenza, (flu)
contagious viral disease which has a sudden onset, fever and severe aches and pains
microorganisms
viruses, bacteria, or fungi that can not be seen with the naked eye; also called germs
transmit
transfer and infectious agent from one person or place to another
pathogenic
microorganisms or substances that can produce disease
nonpathogenic
microorganisms that do not cause infection
portal of entry
natural openings in the body where microorganisms can enter
portal of exit
a route taken by microorganisms leaving the body, such as blood or the natural openings of the body
reservoir
a person, animal, or environment in which an infectious agent lives
susceptible host
person likely to get an infection or disease ually because body defense are weak
virus
a type of microorganism that survives only in living things
contaminated
impure or unclean
direct transmission
direct transfer of microorganisms from one person to another
indirect transmission
transmission of infection by an intermediate object, such as food, water, medical equipment, or a person's hands, into the portal of entry of a susceptible host
barrier
something that protects, or separates , a peron from an infectious microorganism