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Spring 2012


Removal of tissue for microscopic pathological examination


Examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope, a specialized microscope used to examine the vagina and cervix, often with a camera attachment for photographs - used to document findings and follow-up treatments

Papanicolaou smear (Pap)

Study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer and other abnormalities


Low-dose x-ray of breast tissue done to detect neoplasms

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy, or remove polyps or products of conception


Removal of the uterus


Inspection of the abdominal or pelvic cavity with a laparoscope, an endoscope used to examine the abdominal and pelvic regions

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)

Use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop-configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous lesions by simultaneous excisional biopsy and treatment of affected tissue (e.g., cervical dysplasia, human papilloma virus lesions); note that the transformation zone is the area of the cervix where neoplasia (abnormal cell formation) is most likely to arise; aka large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)


Excision of an ovary

bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

Excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries

tubal ligation

Sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying (ligating) the uterine tubes


Excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes; most often followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy if cancerous


Removal of a breast


Pregnant women


Having never been pregnant


To bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable (live outside the uterus) offspring


Large-bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies


True toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma

ectopic pregnancy

Implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube, ovary, or (rarely) the abdominal cavity

Rh factor

Presence, or lack, or antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and fetus, resulting in fetal anemia (which causes erythroblastosis fetalis)

hyperemesis gravidarum

Severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus

placenta previa

Displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity


Aspiration of a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis of possible fetal abnormalities


Incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery


Drug that causes abortion

tocolytic agent

Drug used to stop labor contractions

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