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one of the principal compounds that cells use to store and release energy, abbreviated as ATP
a compound similar to ATP, but with two phosphate groups instead of three, abbreviated as ADP
the process by which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy carbohydrates and oxygen as a waste product
the plants' principal pigment, absorbs blue-violet and red light very well, but not green light
the region of the chloroplast outside the thylakoid membranes where the Calvin cycle takes place
a carrier molecule of the electron transport chain that accepts and holds 2 high-energy electrons along with a hydrogen ion (H+)
the compound that NADP+ is converted to; carries the high-energy electrons to chemical reactions elsewhere in the cell
the reactions in photosynthesis that require light that produces oxygen and converts ADP and NADP+ into ATP and NADPH
an enzyme that allows H+ ions to pass through it and then rotates to bind ADP and a phosphate to produce ATP
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