12 terms

8-1 "Rome's Beginnings" SS

Region in west central Italy where Rome was built; 42N 12E
Ancient region on the Italian peninsula that was home to the Etruscans; area is now called Tuscany 30N 46E
Tiber River
River in north Italy that gave the Romans a source of water and a way to travel and trade with the rest of the Mediterranean world; 42N 12E
Mountain range that runs through Italy; 43N 11E
Largest island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of southern Italy; 37N 13E
Ruling family in Rome who was overly cruel and eventually overthrown in 509 BC
Group of people who lived north of Rome and greatly influences Rome's early growth; changed Rome from a village of straw-roofed huts into a city with woodbrick buildings, streets, temples, and model army
the local people of what is now Rome; lived in Rome as early as 1000 BC; built huts on Rome's hills, tended herds, and grew crops. Sometime between 800 and 700 BC, they banded together for protection and settled Rome
mythical "father" of the Romans; Trojan hero in the Aeneid who, after the Greeks captured Troy, sailed the Mediterranean Sea, went to war, married a local king's daughter, and united the Trojans and Latins
Romulus and Remus
traditional mythology says these two brothers founded Rome. They were abandoned, rescued by a wolf, and raised by a shepherd. The twins quarreled (fought a lot) and Romulus killed Remus. Romulus built a city and named it Rome
smaller groups of soldiers in the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers
a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote