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12 terms

8-1 "Rome's Beginnings" SS

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Latium
Region in west central Italy where Rome was built; 42N 12E
Eturia
Ancient region on the Italian peninsula that was home to the Etruscans; area is now called Tuscany 30N 46E
Tiber River
River in north Italy that gave the Romans a source of water and a way to travel and trade with the rest of the Mediterranean world; 42N 12E
Apennines
Mountain range that runs through Italy; 43N 11E
Sicily
Largest island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of southern Italy; 37N 13E
Tarquins
Ruling family in Rome who was overly cruel and eventually overthrown in 509 BC
Etruscans
Group of people who lived north of Rome and greatly influences Rome's early growth; changed Rome from a village of straw-roofed huts into a city with woodbrick buildings, streets, temples, and model army
Latins
the local people of what is now Rome; lived in Rome as early as 1000 BC; built huts on Rome's hills, tended herds, and grew crops. Sometime between 800 and 700 BC, they banded together for protection and settled Rome
Aeneas
mythical "father" of the Romans; Trojan hero in the Aeneid who, after the Greeks captured Troy, sailed the Mediterranean Sea, went to war, married a local king's daughter, and united the Trojans and Latins
Romulus and Remus
traditional mythology says these two brothers founded Rome. They were abandoned, rescued by a wolf, and raised by a shepherd. The twins quarreled (fought a lot) and Romulus killed Remus. Romulus built a city and named it Rome
legion
smaller groups of soldiers in the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers
republic
a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote