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Region in west central Italy where Rome was built; 42N 12E


Ancient region on the Italian peninsula that was home to the Etruscans; area is now called Tuscany 30N 46E

Tiber River

River in north Italy that gave the Romans a source of water and a way to travel and trade with the rest of the Mediterranean world; 42N 12E


Mountain range that runs through Italy; 43N 11E


Largest island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of southern Italy; 37N 13E


Ruling family in Rome who was overly cruel and eventually overthrown in 509 BC


Group of people who lived north of Rome and greatly influences Rome's early growth; changed Rome from a village of straw-roofed huts into a city with woodbrick buildings, streets, temples, and model army


the local people of what is now Rome; lived in Rome as early as 1000 BC; built huts on Rome's hills, tended herds, and grew crops. Sometime between 800 and 700 BC, they banded together for protection and settled Rome


mythical "father" of the Romans; Trojan hero in the Aeneid who, after the Greeks captured Troy, sailed the Mediterranean Sea, went to war, married a local king's daughter, and united the Trojans and Latins

Romulus and Remus

traditional mythology says these two brothers founded Rome. They were abandoned, rescued by a wolf, and raised by a shepherd. The twins quarreled (fought a lot) and Romulus killed Remus. Romulus built a city and named it Rome


smaller groups of soldiers in the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers


a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote

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