Terms in this set (1908)

kalkışmak, suç işlemek, taahhüt etmek
1 [+ obj] : to do (something that is illegal or harmful)
▪ commit [=perpetrate] a crime ▪ commit suicide/murder/rape/adultery ▪ The massacre was committed by the rebel army.
2 [+ obj] : to decide to use (a person, money, etc.) for some particular purpose or use — often + to or for ▪ The army committed two divisions to the battle. ▪ The city committed millions of dollars for the housing project.
3 : to say that (someone or something) will definitely do something : to make (someone or something) obligated to do something [+ obj] ▪ I've committed myself to a meeting on Thursday. = I'm committed to a meeting on Thursday. [=I have said that I will definitely go to a meeting on Thursday] ▪ The contract commits the company to finishing the bridge by next fall. ▪ He keeps delaying his decision because he doesn't want to commit himself. [no obj] ▪ Many companies are reluctant to commit to the new technology. [=to say that they will definitely use it] ▪ They have not yet committed to a particular course of action.
4 : to decide to give your love, support, or effort to someone or something in a serious or permanent way [no obj] ▪ My girlfriend just can't seem to commit! [+ obj] ▪ He won't commit himself to a long-term relationship. ▪ Many local officials have not yet committed themselves to a presidential candidate. ▪ They are committing themselves to the pursuit of truth.
5 [+ obj] : to cause (someone) to be put in a prison or a mental hospital — usually used as (be) committed ▪ She was committed to a state mental hospital.
6 [+ obj] Brit, law : to order (someone) to be tried in a court of law
▪ The magistrate committed him to stand trial at the Bristol Crown Court.
üremek, üretmek, büyütmek, çiftleştirmek / cins, çeşit,, nesil
1 [+ obj] : to keep and take care of animals or plants in order to produce more animals or plants of a particular kind
▪ He got into the business of breeding cattle.▪ The plants are bred to resist disease and drought.▪ dogs bred for hunting = dogs bred as hunters = dogs bred to hunt▪ wild horses bred to [=mated to] domestic horses [=wild horses and domestic horses brought together to produce horses that have qualities of both]

2 [no obj] : to produce young animals, birds, etc. : to produce offspring by sexual reproduction
▪ low-lying areas where mosquitoes breed [=reproduce]

3 [+ obj] : to take care of and teach (a child who is growing up)
▪ She believes that we are breeding a generation of children who know nothing about the history of their country.— usually used as (be) bred▪ children who are bred [=(more commonly) raised, brought up] in conditions of poverty and crime — see also breeding, ill-bred, well-bred

4 [+ obj] : to cause or lead to (something)
▪ Despair often breeds violence.▪ scandals that breed cynicism — see also familiarity breeds contempt at familiarity

[count] 1: a particular kind of dog, cat, horse, etc. : a kind of animal that has been produced by breeding
▪ The collie is a working breed.▪ exotic breeds of cats▪ different breeds of cattle

2: a kind of person
▪ a new/different breed of athlete▪ People like them are a dying breed. [=there are not many people like them anymore]▪ Back then, stay-at-home dads were a rare breed. [=there were not many stay-at-home dads]
meşgul etmek, işgal etmek, ele geçirmek, zamanını almak
[+ obj] 1somewhat formal: to live in (a house, apartment, etc.)
▪ They have occupied the apartment for three years.▪ She occupies the house that her grandfather built 50 years ago.▪ They own another house that they occupy only three months out of the year.▪ They occupy the room next to ours.

2 a: to fill or be in (a place or space)
▪ Someone was occupying [=sitting in] my place at the table.▪ This region was once almost completely occupied by forests.▪ Their house occupies a beautiful spot next to the ocean.— sometimes used figuratively ▪ That family trip occupies [=has] a special place in my memory.
b: to fill or use (an amount of time)
▪ Studying occupies nearly all of my time on the weekends. [=I spend nearly all of my time studying]▪ Much of our time is occupied by answering questions from our customers.

3: to make (someone, someone's mind, etc.) busy
▪ During the long train ride, they occupied [=busied] themselves with card games.▪ These questions have continued to occupy her mind.▪ Reading occupied me for most of the summer. = I occupied myself with reading for most of the summer.

4: to take and keep control of (a town, foreign country, etc.) by using military power
▪ Enemy troops occupied the town.▪ The army is occupying half of the country.

5somewhat formal: to have (a job or position)
▪ She now occupies the highest position in the country's government.▪ occupying a position of power
çarpışmak, çarpmak, darbe, çarpma, şiş, şişlik
1 [+ obj] a : to hit (something, such as part of your body) against an object in a sudden and forceful way
▪ I have a bruise from where I bumped my head. — often + against or on ▪ He bumped his head against the shelf. ▪ I fell and bumped my elbow on the floor.
b : to hit and move (someone or something)
▪ Be careful not to bump the vase. ▪ You nearly bumped me off/over the edge! ▪ The jolt bumped him right out of his seat. ▪ He accidentally bumped [=knocked] my drink out of my hand when he passed by.
2 [no obj] : to move into or against (someone or something) in a sudden and forceful way
▪ They bumped into us from behind. ▪ The boat bumped against the pier. — often + up ▪ The boat bumped up against the pier. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ They're bumping (up) against the limits of technology. — see also bump into (below), bump up (below)
[count] 1 : an area of skin that is raised because it was hit, injured, etc.
▪ He wound up with a few minor bumps and bruises from the fight. ▪ Feel this bump [=lump] on the back of my head. — see also goose bumps
2 : a small raised area on a surface
▪ The car hit a bump (in the road). — often used figuratively in U.S. English ▪ His career hit a bump in the road. = His career hit a road bump. [=something happened that slowed the progress of his career] ▪ When you're doing something for the first time, you're bound to hit a few bumps along the way. — see also speed bump
zıplamak, zıplatmak, hoplatmak, fırlatmak
1 a [+ obj] : to cause (a ball, rock, etc.) to hit against a surface and quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction
▪ He was bouncing a tennis ball against/off the garage door. ▪ bouncing the ball back and forth
b [no obj] : to move in one direction, hit a surface (such as a wall or the floor), and then quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction — usually + off ▪ The ball bounced off the wall. ▪ A rock bounced off the road and hit our car's windshield. ▪ The light will bounce off the mirror and shine into the next room.
2 a [no obj] : to move with a lot of energy and excitement
▪ He bounced [=bounded] into the room to welcome his guests. ▪ The kids are bouncing off the walls. [=the kids are very/too excited and have a lot of energy]
b : to move or jump up and down [no obj] ▪ The children love to bounce on the bed/trampoline. ▪ The winner bounced up and down with delight. ▪ Her curls bounced as she jumped. [+ obj] ▪ He bounced the baby on his knee.
3 a [no obj] of a check : to be returned by a bank because there is not enough money in the bank account to pay the amount that is on the check
▪ She gave me a check for 20 dollars, but the check bounced, and I never got the money.
b [+ obj] : to write (a check) that is returned without payment by the bank
▪ He bounced a 100-dollar check at the grocery store. ▪ The store charges a $15 fee for a bounced check.
4 [no obj] : to go quickly and repeatedly from one job, place, etc., to another
▪ He bounces back and forth between Miami and Houston. — often + from ▪ bouncing from place to place ▪ She bounces from one job to another. ▪ Our teacher's always bouncing from one subject to another.
5 : to return (an e-mail) to the sender instead of delivering it [+ obj] ▪ I tried to send you an e-mail, but it got bounced back to me. [=the e-mail or computer system was not able to deliver it] [no obj] ▪ I tried to send you an e-mail but it bounced.
gerginleştirmek, kasılmak, zorlamak, çok gayret etmek, gerinme, zor
1 : a feeling of stress and worry that you have because you are trying to do too much, are dealing with a difficult problem, etc. [count] ▪ The work has been a strain on me. [=it has been stressful for me] ▪ The strain of working and going to school full-time was too much for her. ▪ He talked about the stresses and strains of owning a business. ▪ The long hours at work have put/placed a strain on me. ▪ She has been under a strain lately. [noncount] ▪ Help from other workers took some of the strain [=pressure] off me. ▪ She has been under (a lot of) strain lately. ▪ He is holding up under the strain. [=he is able to deal with the pressure] ▪ He cracked/collapsed/buckled under the strain. [=he was not able to deal with the pressure]
2 : something that is very difficult to deal with and that causes harm or trouble [count] ▪ There are strains [=problems] in their relationship. ▪ Being deeply in debt has been a strain [=burden] on our marriage. ▪ The disagreement has put/placed a strain on their friendship. ▪ Sending their children to college has put/placed a strain on their finances. [noncount] ▪ Being in debt has been a source of strain on our marriage. ▪ Their friendship is under strain.
3 : a force that pulls or stretches something : stress [count] ▪ The cable is designed to withstand strains of more than four tons. — usually singular ▪ The strain on the cables supporting the bridge is enormous. ▪ The cables could not take the strain of the extra weight. [noncount] ▪ If there is too much strain on the cables they will snap. ▪ Moving the piano will put/place too much strain on our back muscles. ▪ The cable broke under the strain.
4 : an injury to a body part or muscle that is caused by too much tension, effort, or use [count] ▪ a leg/muscle strain [noncount] ▪ Long hours of study can cause eye strain. ▪ Heavy lifting is a cause of muscle strain.
1 [+ obj] : to injure (a body part or muscle) by too much tension, use, or effort
▪ I strained my back trying to lift the couch. ▪ Too much computer work strains the eyes. ▪ He strained a muscle in his leg. — compare sprain
2 : to try very hard to do or get something [no obj] — often + for ▪ He was straining for air. [=he was struggling to breathe] — often followed by to + verb ▪ He strained to open the jar. ▪ She strained to sing the high notes. ▪ The people in the back of the room strained to hear the speaker. [+ obj] ▪ I strained my ears to hear [=I tried very hard to hear] what they were whispering. ▪ I strained my eyes [=I tried very hard to see] in the darkness.
3 a : to be pulled or stretched in a forceful way [no obj] ▪ His muscles strained under the heavy weight. [+ obj] ▪ People were straining their necks [=were lifting their heads as high as they could by stretching their necks] to see the fight. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ You are straining (the limits of) my patience with your nagging.
b [no obj] : to pull hard on or push hard against something — + at or against ▪ The dog strained at its leash. ▪ His belly strained against the buttons of the shirt. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ The kids were straining at the leash to get going. [=were very eager to get going]
4 [+ obj] : to cause problems or trouble for (something)
▪ The disagreement strained their relationship. ▪ The rent has strained our finances. ▪ The company is financially strained.
5 [+ obj] : to separate a liquid from solid pieces by using a special device (called a strainer)
▪ He strained the pasta. = He strained the water from the pasta. ▪ She strained the gravy. = She strained the lumps out of the gravy.
emzirmek, meme emmek, içine çekmek, emmek, soğurmak
1 a [+ obj] : to pull (liquid, air, etc.) into your mouth especially while your lips are forming a small hole
▪ sucking milk through a straw
b : to pull on (something in your mouth) with the muscles of your lips and mouth [+ obj] ▪ a toddler sucking his thumb ▪ She just sucked her teeth and stared. [no obj] ▪ She sucked on an orange slice.
c : to let (something, such as candy or medicine) stay in your mouth as it melts [+ obj] ▪ I sucked a cough drop. [no obj] ▪ sucking on a lollipop
2 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] a : to pull (something) with the force of moving water, air, etc.
▪ The tide almost sucked us out to sea. ▪ The boat was sucked under the water in the storm.
b : to remove (something) from an area or substance by pulling it with the force of moving water, air, etc.
▪ These plants suck moisture from the soil. ▪ The fan sucks smoke from the air. ▪ a vacuum cleaner that sucks up water as well as dirt — sometimes used figuratively ▪ She just seems to suck the joy out of the room. ▪ This heat has sucked every ounce of energy out of me.
3 [+ obj] : to make (part of your body) flatter or tighter by pulling your muscles inward — + in ▪ He was sucking in his gut. [=pulling in his stomach to make himself seem thinner] ▪ It looked like she had sucked her cheeks in for the picture.
4 [+ obj] : to cause (someone) to become involved or interested in something — + in or into ▪ Their lifestyle seemed exciting, and I admit it really sucked me in. — often used as (be/get) sucked in/into ▪ Hundreds of people got sucked into the scheme and many lost their entire life savings.
5 not used in progressive tenses [no obj] informal + sometimes impolite a : to be very bad or unpleasant
▪ You lost your job? That sucks. ▪ People who went to the party said it sucked.
b : to do something very badly
▪ He sang a few songs, and man, he sucks. [=he sings badly] — often + at ▪ I suck at golf. [=I play golf badly]
mart ayı, yürüyüş, yürümek, tempolu yürüyüş, yürüyüş yapmak
: the third month of the year [noncount] ▪ in (early/middle/mid-/late) March ▪ early/late in March ▪ We arrived on March the fourth. = (US) We arrived on March fourth. = We arrived on the fourth of March. [count] ▪ Sales are up (for) this March. ▪ It happens every March. ◊The saying March comes in like a lion and goes out like a lamb means that the month of March begins with bad weather and ends with good weather.
1 [no obj] a : to walk with regular steps as a group : to walk in the regular and organized way of soldiers
▪ The band marched onto the field. ▪ The soldiers were lined up and ordered to begin marching. ▪ Hundreds of people marched in the parade.
b always followed by an adverb or preposition : to go into, out of, or through a place as an army
▪ The army marched south to cut off the enemy's retreat. ▪ Enemy troops were marching on the city. [=they were coming toward the city to attack it]
2 [no obj] : to walk with a large group of people who are protesting or supporting something
▪ We marched for/against new elections. ▪ Demonstrators marched on City Hall to protest the war.
3 [no obj] : to walk somewhere quickly in a direct and forceful way
▪ He marched angrily out the door. ▪ I marched into the office and demanded an answer. ▪ She marched right up to me and asked what was wrong.
4 [+ obj] : to cause or force (a person) to walk somewhere
▪ They marched the prisoners through the streets of the city. ▪ We marched the children off to bed. [=we made the children go to bed] — see also frog-march
march on
[phrasal verb]
: to go or continue onward
▪ Time marches on. ▪ Governments come and go, but civilization marches on.
aşk ilişkisi, durum, ilişki, şey, sorun
1 affairs [plural] : work or activities done for a purpose : commercial, professional, public, or personal business
▪ The group conducts its affairs [=business] in private. ▪ We were told to arrange/settle our affairs. = We were told to put our affairs in order. ▪ handling/managing someone else's affairs ▪ They seem to be quite pleased with the current/present state of affairs. [=situation] ▪ She's the company's director of public affairs. [=the person who manages a company's relationship with the public] ▪ She's an expert in foreign affairs. [=events and activities that involve foreign countries] ▪ world/international affairs [=events and activities that involve different nations] ▪ After the war, the government focused on its own domestic affairs. ▪ They accused the U.S. of interfering in the internal affairs of other nations.
2 [count] : a matter that concerns or involves someone
▪ This has nothing to do with you. It's not your affair. [=business, concern] = It's none of your affair. [=business] ▪ How I choose to live is my affair, not yours.
3 [count] : a secret sexual relationship between two people : love affair
▪ adulterous/extramarital affairs between married men and single women — often used in the phrase have an affair ▪ She divorced her husband after she discovered that he was having an affair. — often + with ▪ She had an affair with a coworker.
4 [count] a : a social event or activity
▪ He wants to make their wedding day an affair to remember. [=a special event] ▪ a simple/elaborate affair ▪ We were invited to a black-tie affair [=a party in which men wear tuxedos and women wear fancy dresses] at the governor's mansion.
geri çekilmek, geri çekilme, direnme, gerilemek, gerileme
1 : movement by soldiers away from an enemy because the enemy is winning or has won a battle [noncount] ▪ The forces are now in (full) retreat. [count] ▪ The army passed through the town on/during its retreat (from the battlefield). ▪ He sounded/signaled the retreat. [=made the signal telling soldiers to begin a retreat]
2 [count, noncount] : movement away from a place or situation especially because it is dangerous, unpleasant, etc.
▪ Some of her friends were surprised by her retreat from public life following her defeat in the election. ▪ He made/beat a hasty retreat [=he left quickly] when he realized he had entered the wrong office.
3 [count] : the act of changing your opinion or position on something because it is unpopular — usually singular ▪ The mayor was forced to make a retreat from his earlier position.
[no obj] 1 : to move back to get away from danger, attack, etc.
▪ When the enemy attacked, our troops were forced to retreat. ▪ They retreated behind trees for safety.
2 : to move or go away from a place or situation especially because it is dangerous, unpleasant, etc.
▪ He quickly retreated from the room. ▪ After her defeat, she retreated from politics.
3 : to change your opinion or statement about something because it is unpopular — usually + from ▪ The mayor was forced to retreat from his original position.
4 : to move backward
▪ As the temperatures warm, the glaciers begin to retreat. ▪ The floodwaters are retreating.
5 : to go to a place that is quiet and private
▪ They retreated into the next room to talk privately.
zıt düşmek, yüzleştirmek, önünü kesmek, karşısına çıkmak
[+ obj] 1 a : to oppose or challenge (someone) especially in a direct and forceful way
▪ They confronted the invaders at the shore. — often used as (be) confronted ▪ He was confronted by a security guard when he tried to leave the store. ▪ The mayor was confronted by a group of angry protesters.
b : to directly question the action or authority of (someone)
▪ She confronted him about his smoking. ▪ No one was willing to confront [=challenge] the company president on that point.
2 a : to deal with (something, such as a problem or danger)
▪ Firemen regularly confront danger. ▪ They confronted [=(more commonly) encountered] many obstacles along the way. ; especially : to deal with (something) in an honest and direct way
▪ The country is reluctant to confront its violent past. ▪ The treatment center helps people confront [=face] their addictions. ▪ confront an illness ▪ It's better to confront [=address] a problem than to avoid it.
b : to force (someone) to see or deal with (something, such as a problem) in a direct way
▪ The photographs confront the viewer with images of desperate poverty. ▪ I confronted her with the evidence. — often used as (be) confronted ▪ The country again finds itself confronted by water shortages. ▪ They were confronted with many problems during the project.
c : to be a problem for (someone or something)
▪ We know of the financial problems confronting [=facing] local schools.
çekişme, çekişmek, tartışmak, uyuşmazlık
: a disagreement or argument [count] ▪ They could not settle their dispute. ▪ legal disputes ▪ There is a labor dispute between workers and management. ▪ The two farmers are involved in a land dispute. ▪ a domestic dispute [=an argument between people who live together] — often + over or about ▪ There was a dispute [=disagreement] over/about what to do with the extra money. [noncount] ▪ There is dispute [=debate] among scholars as to the source of the text. = The source of the text is a matter/subject of dispute among scholars. ▪ The matter/issue is still in dispute. [=people still disagree about it] ▪ The drug's effectiveness is beyond dispute. [=it is certain that the drug is effective] ▪ How it happened is open to dispute. [=people disagree about how it happened]
1 [+ obj] : to say or show that (something) may not be true, correct, or legal
▪ The lawyer disputed [=challenged] the witness's statement. ▪ You can dispute your bill if you believe it is inaccurate. ▪ She disputed the claim. ▪ These estimates are hotly/much disputed by scientists. ▪ No one ever disputed that it was the right decision. ▪ There is no disputing the drug's effectiveness. [=it is certain that the drug is effective]
2 : to argue about (something) [+ obj] ▪ The source of the text has been disputed for centuries. ▪ We were disputing [=debating] whether we should call the police or look for the thief ourselves. [no obj] ▪ It's no use disputing [=(more commonly) arguing] with them.
entrika, komplo, parsel, arsa, suikast düzenlemek, entrika çevirmek
1 [count] a : an area of land that has been measured and is considered as a unit
▪ The plots are selling for $15,000 per acre. ▪ They just bought a 12-acre plot of land.
b : a usually small piece of land that is used for a particular purpose
▪ a garden plot ▪ He bought a burial plot in the local cemetery. [=a small area of land where his body will be buried when he dies]
2 : a series of events that form the story in a novel, movie, etc. [count] ▪ The book's plot revolves around a woman who is searching for her missing sister. ▪ The movie has a weak/strong plot. ▪ As the plot unfolds [=as the story continues; as things happen in the novel, movie, etc.], we learn more about the hero's family. [noncount] ▪ The movie lacks plot [=nothing interesting happens in the movie], but it's a fascinating character study. ▪ He is a master of plot [=he is very good at thinking of interesting stories], but his characters are not realistic. — see also subplot
3 [count] : a secret plan to do something that is usually illegal or harmful
▪ Police uncovered a plot to assassinate the prime minister. ▪ The prime minister was the target of an assassination plot. ▪ plots against the government ▪ They hatched a plot [=made a plan] to steal the famous painting.
1 a : to plan secretly to do something usually illegal or harmful [+ obj] ▪ They plotted to steal the painting. ▪ She spent her years in prison plotting her revenge. ▪ He plotted his escape. ▪ They are accused of plotting the assassination of the prime minister. = They are accused of plotting to assassinate the prime minister. [no obj] — usually + against ▪ He feared the other prisoners were plotting against him.
b [+ obj] : to plan (something)
▪ We've been plotting growth strategies for the company. ▪ She carefully plotted her career path.
to give something because you have more than you need
[+ obj] 1 a : to choose not to punish or harm (someone)
▪ No one knows why the gunman shot some people and spared others. ▪ No one knows why he spared their lives. [=why he didn't kill them]
b : to not destroy or harm (something)
▪ Somehow the storm spared our house while nearby buildings were destroyed.
2 : to prevent (someone or something) from experiencing or being affected by something unpleasant, harmful, etc.
▪ She was spared from having to answer any more questions. ▪ He wanted to spare his family from the stress he had endured. ▪ Our church was spared the fate of many others that have been closed. [=our church was not closed] ▪ I could have spared myself the trouble. ▪ He spared them the embarrassment of a public apology.
3 : to give (something, such as time, money, etc.) to someone
▪ Can you spare (me) a few minutes? [=can you spend a few minutes with me?] ▪ I can't spare the time to see you today. [=I don't have enough time to see you today] ▪ If you could spare a cup of sugar, it would save me a trip to the store. ▪ You should spare a thought for [=think about] those who are less fortunate than you.
4 : to not do or provide (something)
▪ Nothing was spared by the hotel [=the hotel provided everything possible] to make its guests relaxed and comfortable. ▪ We will spare no effort [=we will do everything we can] to ensure the safety of the tunnels. ▪ When they go on vacation, they spare no expense. [=they do not worry about spending too much money; they spend a lot of money] ▪ He said that he would spare no expense [=he would spend as much money as necessary] to make the restaurant successful.
to spare
◊If you have money, time, energy, etc., to spare, you have more than enough money, time, energy, etc.
▪ He seems to have energy to spare. [=he seems to have a lot of energy] ▪ We have very little time to spare. [=we do not have a lot of time] ▪ I have no money to spare [=I do not have enough money] for such things. ▪ He got there with (only) minutes/seconds to spare. [=he got there only minutes/seconds before he needed to; he got there just in time] ▪ He got there with time to spare. [=he got there early; he got there in plenty of time]
uyumlamak, çalgıyı akort etmek, beste
[count] : a series of musical notes that produce a pleasing sound when played or sung
▪ I can't get that tune [=song] out of my head. ▪ an upbeat dance tune ▪ He played a delightful little tune [=melody] on the piano. ▪ The concert featured popular Broadway show tunes. [=songs from musicals]
1 [+ obj] : to adjust (a musical instrument) so that it makes the correct sound when played
▪ I tuned my guitar/violin. ▪ The piano needs to be tuned.
2 [+ obj] : to make small changes to (something) in order to make it work better
▪ We tuned our bikes before the road trip. ▪ The mechanic tuned the engine. — often + up ▪ The mechanic tuned up the engine. — see also fine-tune, tune-up
3 : to adjust (a radio or television) so that it receives a broadcast clearly [+ obj] ▪ The copilot tuned the radio to hear the message. — often used as (be) tuned ▪ The televisions in the store were all tuned (in) to the same channel. [no obj] — + to ▪ He tuned (in) to the news channel.
stay tuned
: to keep watching a television show or listening to a radio broadcast
▪ Stay tuned for more after this word from our sponsors. ▪ Stay tuned for a news update. — often used figuratively ▪ Stay tuned for a new and improved version of the software. [=a new and improved version of the software will be available soon]
tune in
[phrasal verb]
1 : to watch a television show or listen to a radio broadcast
▪ Tune in next week for the conclusion. ▪ Millions of listeners/viewers tuned in for coverage of the presidential debate. ▪ We tuned in to hear the results of the election.
akıtmak, boşaltma, su yolu, güçsüzleştirmek
1 a [+ obj] : to remove (liquid) from something by letting it flow away or out
▪ Drain the canned tomatoes before adding them to the pot. ▪ The swamp has been drained. — often + from ▪ Drain the fat/grease from the pan. ▪ We have to drain some water from the pool.
b [no obj] of a container : to become empty of a liquid
▪ I was waiting for the bathtub to drain. ▪ The sink won't drain.
c [no obj] of a liquid : to flow into, away from, or out of something
▪ The river drains into a lake. ▪ The blood/color drained from her face. [=she got pale]
2 a [+ obj] : to cause (something) to lose something important — + of ▪ Years of civil war have drained the country of its resources. [=have used up the country's resources] ▪ Overuse has drained the phrase of all meaning.
b : to slowly be used up or to cause (something) to slowly be used up [+ obj] ▪ Years of civil war have drained the country's resources. ▪ The city's emergency fund has been drained. [no obj] — usually + away ▪ She felt her anger drain away.
3 [+ obj] : to make (someone) very physically or mentally tired
▪ The work drained [=exhausted] me. ▪ I feel totally drained of energy this evening. ▪ Her work is very draining. [=tiring]
4 [+ obj] : to drink all of the liquid in (something)
▪ He drained the mug and left.
5 [+ obj] US, sports, informal : to make (a successful shot) in a very skillful and impressive way
▪ (basketball) She took a long jump shot and drained it. ▪ (golf) He drained the putt for a birdie.
[count] 1 : something (such as a pipe) that is used for removing a liquid from a place or container
▪ He poured the spoiled milk down/into the drain. [=(Brit) plughole] ▪ The drain in the bathtub/sink is blocked/clogged. ▪ (chiefly Brit) They are repairing the drains. [=sewer system]
2 : something that uses a lot of time, money, etc. — usually singular — usually + on ▪ Tuition costs are a drain on the family income. ▪ The war has been a big drain on the country's resources.

brain drain:[singular] : a situation in which many educated or professional people leave a particular place or profession and move to another one that gives them better pay or living conditions
▪ Nothing has been done to stop the brain drain as more and more doctors move away from the area.
çamur sıçraması, serpme, sıçratmak, şarıltı, su sesi, çamurlu
1 always followed by an adverb or preposition [no obj] of a liquid : to move, fall, or hit something in a noisy or messy way
▪ Water/Mud splashed everywhere. ▪ He dropped the bottle and bleach splashed onto the floor. ▪ We could hear the waves splashing against the side of the boat.
2 [+ obj] a : to cause (water or another liquid) to move in a noisy way or messy way
▪ The baby splashed the water. ▪ Don't splash water at your brother. ▪ I accidentally splashed some water on the floor. ▪ She splashed cold water on her face.
b : to make (someone or something) wet with large drops of water or another liquid
▪ Don't splash your brother. ▪ We were splashed by a passing car. ▪ She splashed her face with cold water.
3 [no obj] : to move through water in a noisy and messy way
▪ The kids love splashing (around) in the pool. ▪ The dog was splashing through the waves.
4 [+ obj] : to mark (something) with patches of color or light
▪ The sunset splashed the sky with red. — often used as (be) splashed with ▪ The canvas was splashed with bold colors.
1 [count] a : the sound made when someone or something hits liquid or when liquid hits something — usually singular ▪ He listened to the gentle splash of the waves against the boat. ▪ We heard a splash from the pool. ▪ The bird dived into the pond with a splash.
b : the movement of liquid when something hits it — usually singular ▪ There was barely a splash when the diver hit the water. ▪ I was hit by the splash when a truck drove through the puddle.
2 [count] : a mark or spot made when a liquid is splashed on something — often + of ▪ You've got splashes of mud on your pants.
3 [count] : a small area of bright color or light — + of ▪ a splash of color ▪ splashes of light on the floor
4 [singular] informal : a small amount of liquid added to a drink — usually + of ▪ coffee with just a splash of cream
make a splash
informal : to attract a lot of attention in an exciting way
▪ The young director is making (quite) a splash in Hollywood. ▪ The news of her arrest made a huge splash.
iz, izini sürmek, işaret, dayanmak
[count] 1 : a very small amount of something
▪ He could detect a trace [=hint] of cinnamon in the cookies. ▪ She spoke without a trace of irony. — sometimes used before another noun ▪ Trace amounts of the pesticide were found in many foods. — see also trace element
2 : something (such as a mark or an object) which shows that someone or something was in a particular place
▪ The scientists found traces of human activity in the area. ▪ The thieves left no trace of evidence behind. ▪ He disappeared/vanished without a trace. [=without leaving any signs to show where he went]
1 [+ obj] a : to draw the outline of (something)
▪ The children traced their hands onto the sidewalk with chalk. ; especially : to copy (a design or picture) by putting a thin piece of paper that you can see through over it and drawing on top of it
▪ You can put a piece of paper over the pattern and trace it.
b : to draw (something, such as letters or a picture) especially in a careful way
▪ She traced the letters of her name. ▪ I traced a circle in the air/sand (with my finger). — often + out ▪ She traced the letters out on a sheet of paper.
2 [+ obj] : to follow the path or line of (something)
▪ We will need to trace the electrical wires through the walls. ▪ She traced the edge of the book with her finger. [=she moved her finger along the edge of the book]
3 : to follow (something) back to its cause, beginning, or origin : to find out where something came from [+ obj] — usually + to ▪ The noise was traced to a loose bolt in the car's engine. ▪ The police traced the call to a payphone. — often + back ▪ He can trace his family history all the way back to the Pilgrims. ▪ The word "amiable" can be traced back to the Latin word for "friend." [no obj] ▪ The word "amiable" traces back to the Latin word for "friend." ▪ a tradition that traces back to [=goes back to] the time of the ancient Romans
soymak, sıyırmak,şerit
1 [count] : a long, narrow piece of something
▪ strips of bacon ▪ a small strip of cloth/paper
2 [count] : a long, narrow piece of land
▪ a strip of land ▪ strips of forest/coastline ▪ the half-mile strip of road — see also drag strip, median strip, rumble strip
3 [count] US : a road that has a lot of shops, restaurants, etc., along it
▪ driving along the strip ▪ the Las Vegas strip
1 a : to remove your clothing [no obj] ▪ I stripped for bed. ▪ He stripped to the waist. [=he took off all the clothes on his upper body] ▪ The prisoners were told to strip naked. [=remove all their clothes] — often + down ▪ He stripped down to his underwear. [=he took all his clothes off except for his underwear] [+ obj] ▪ He stripped himself down to his underwear.
b [+ obj] : to take the clothes off (someone)
▪ The prisoners were stripped naked.
c [no obj] : to remove your clothing in a sexually exciting way while someone is watching
▪ She gets paid to dance and strip at the club.
2 [+ obj] : to remove an outer covering or surface from something
▪ strip the bark from a tree = strip a tree of its bark ▪ We are going to strip [=remove] the old wallpaper. ▪ They stripped the table and refinished it. ▪ Please strip your bed [=remove all the sheets] so I can wash the sheets.
3 [+ obj] : to remove everything (such as furniture or equipment) from (a room, building, car, etc.)
▪ They stripped the room when they left. ▪ The building had been completely stripped of its original woodwork.
yemin, yemin etmek, küfür etmek
1 a : to state (something) very strongly and sincerely [+ obj] ▪ I swear (that) I was there. [=I was definitely there; I am telling you the truth when I say that I was there] ▪ Her English is so good that you would swear she has been studying it for years. [=you would really think that she has been studying it for years, even though she has not] ▪ You'd swear (that) the jewels are real. [=the jewels look very real even though they are not] ▪ I could have sworn that I left my keys on the counter. [=I'm very surprised that my keys are not on the counter because I definitely remember putting them there] ▪ (US) She swore up and down [=insisted] (that) she didn't do it. ▪ (Brit) He swore blind [=insisted] (that) he was innocent. [no obj] ▪ I didn't do anything wrong. I swear (on my mother's grave). [=I am being absolutely honest when I say that I didn't do anything wrong] ▪ I wouldn't swear to it [=I'm not absolutely sure about it], but I think he's written three books so far.
b : to promise very strongly and sincerely to do or not do something [+ obj] ▪ He swore [=vowed] to seek revenge. ▪ He swore revenge on the killers. ▪ I swear (that) I'll never do that again. [no obj] ▪ I swear to God, I'll kill him if he comes back. ▪ I'll never do that again. Swear to God. [=I promise you that I'll never do that again]
2 [no obj] : to use offensive words when you speak
▪ Don't swear in front of the children. — often + at ▪ The other driver swore at me and drove away.
3 : to make a formal or official promise especially in a court of law [+ obj] ▪ I do solemnly swear to tell the whole truth. ▪ They swore (an oath of) allegiance to the United States of America. [=they formally promised that they would be loyal to the United States of America] [no obj] ▪ Witnesses are required to swear on the Bible [=to put a hand on the Bible and make a formal promise to tell the truth] before they testify.
döndürmek, dönmek, fırlatmak, sallanmak, salına salına geçmek, bir durumdan başka bir duruma geçivermek, sarkıtmak, tempo, salıncak
1 : to move backward and forward or from side to side while hanging from something [no obj] ▪ The sheets swung on the clothesline. ▪ The clock's pendulum stopped swinging. [+ obj] ▪ She sat on the edge of the table, swinging her legs. ▪ She swung the bag by the handle. [=she held the handle of the bag and made the bag swing]
2 always followed by an adverb, adjective, or preposition : to move with a smooth, curving motion [no obj] ▪ The monkeys were swinging from branch to branch high up in the trees. ▪ The door swung open/shut. [+ obj] ▪ He swung himself (up) into the truck. ▪ I swung my suitcase into the backseat of the car. ▪ She sat on the counter and swung her legs over to the other side. ▪ She swung the door open.
3 : to move (your arm, a tool, etc.) with a quick, curving motion especially to try to hit something [+ obj] ▪ Be careful how you swing that ax. ▪ She swung the bat but missed the ball. ▪ She swung her purse at me. [no obj] ▪ She swung (at the ball) but missed. ▪ He swung at me [=tried to hit me with his fist] for no reason.
4 [no obj] : to move back and forth on a special type of seat (called a swing)
▪ a playground where kids go to swing
5 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to turn or move quickly in a particular direction [no obj] ▪ The road swings to the left sharply after a few miles. — often + around ▪ He swung around to look at the clock. [+ obj] ▪ She swung the car into the driveway. ▪ He swung the flashlight toward the noise.
6 a always followed by an adverb or preposition [no obj] : to change suddenly from one state or condition to another
▪ Sales swung up sharply at the end of the year. ▪ The game suddenly swung in favor of the home team. ▪ His mood can swing wildly from cheerful to angry. ▪ They have to be ready to swing into action [=to start doing something quickly] at a moment's notice.
1 [count] a : an act of moving something with a quick, sweeping motion : an act of swinging a bat, fist, etc.
▪ One swing of the hammer was all it took to drive the nail through the board. ▪ She needs to work on her (golf) swing. [=she needs to practice the way she swings a golf club] ▪ He took a swing at the pitch. [=he swung at the pitch; tried to hit the ball with his bat] ▪ Some drunk took a swing at me. [=tried to hit me]
b : the movement of something that swings backward and forward or from side to side
▪ the swing of a pendulum
2 [count] : a usually sudden change from one state or condition to another
▪ upward/downward swings in the stock market ▪ She couldn't deal with his unpredictable mood swings. [=changes in his mood]
3 [count] : a seat that hangs from ropes or chains and that moves back and forth
▪ The kids were playing on the swings. ▪ We sat on the porch swing and watched the neighbors.
anahtar, değiştirmek
[count] 1 : a small device that starts or stops the flow of electricity to something (such as a lamp or a machine) when it is pressed or moved up and down
▪ She flicked a switch and turned the lamp/lights on. ▪ a light/dimmer switch ▪ He threw the switch to stop the machine. — see also dip switch, toggle switch
2 : a sudden change from one thing to another — usually singular ▪ a switch from the old way of doing things ▪ There has been a switch in plans. [=the plans have changed] ▪ If you're not happy in your current job, maybe it's time to make a switch (to another job). ▪ "He says he'll do it himself." "Well, that's a switch." [=that's something unusual]
1 : to make a change from one thing to another : to start doing or using something that is different [no obj] ▪ I switched to a new doctor. ▪ He kept switching back and forth between topics. ▪ She switched back to/from her original insurance company. ▪ We switched over to a different telephone service. [+ obj] ▪ Why did you switch jobs?
2 : to make a change from one thing to another by turning or pushing a button or moving a switch, lever, etc. [no obj] ▪ He switched (over) to a different channel. [+ obj] ▪ Stop switching channels.
3 [+ obj] : to change or replace (something) with another thing
▪ They switched places/positions/roles/sides. ▪ He switched (around) his last two appointments. ▪ (US) He is going to switch (shifts) with me Monday. [=he will work my shift and I will work his shift on Monday]
yama, yama yapmak, arsa, toprak parçası
[count] 1 : a piece of material that is used to cover a hole in something or to provide extra protection to an area
▪ His pants have patches on the knees. ▪ a jacket with brown patches on the elbows ▪ He put a patch over the hole in the tire tube.
2 a : a piece of material that is worn over your eye because of injury or for medical reasons
b : a piece of material that contains a drug and that is worn on your skin to allow the drug to slowly enter your body over a long period of time
▪ She wears a nicotine patch to help her quit smoking.
3 : a small spot or area that is different from the surrounding area
▪ There were icy patches [=areas of ice] on the road. ▪ Fog patches made driving difficult. ▪ He is developing a bald patch on the back of his head. ▪ The cat has black patches on its forehead and tail. ▪ The chair's original paint is still visible in patches. [=in spots] — often + of ▪ I could see a patch of blue sky through the clouds. ▪ There are patches of weeds all over the lawn.
4 : a small area of land where a particular fruit or vegetable grows
▪ a pumpkin/strawberry patch
5 : a period of time
▪ He's going through a bad/difficult/rough patch [=spell] right now.
[+ obj] 1 : to cover a hole in (something) with a piece of material
▪ She patched (the hole in) the blanket. ▪ The fence needs to be patched. ▪ He patched (up) the roof.
2 : to connect (a person, telephone call, etc.) to a communication system especially for a short period of time
▪ They patched him into the conference call. — often + through ▪ The operator patched the call/caller through.
patch together
[phrasal verb]
patch (something) together or patch together (something) : to put (something) together usually in a quick or careless way
▪ She patched a meal together from what was in the cupboard. ▪ They quickly patched together a new plan.
ansızın , ateş etmek, birden, hoplamak, patlamak
1 a : to suddenly break open or come away from something often with a short, loud noise [no obj] ▪ The balloon popped. [=burst] ▪ We heard the sound of corks popping as the celebration began. ▪ One of the buttons popped off my sweater. [+ obj] ▪ Don't pop that balloon! ▪ She popped the cork on the champagne. [=she opened the bottle of champagne by removing the cork]
b [no obj] : to make a short, loud noise
▪ Guns were popping in the distance.
2 : to cook (popcorn) [+ obj] ▪ We popped some popcorn in the microwave. [no obj] ▪ The popcorn is done popping.
3 [no obj] informal a : to come from, into, or out of a place suddenly or briefly
▪ I didn't mean to say that—it just popped out. ▪ Her shoulder popped out of its socket. ▪ He opened the box, and out popped a mouse. ▪ A funny thought just popped into my head. [=I just thought of something funny] ▪ The cathedral suddenly popped into view. [=I could suddenly see the cathedral] ▪ Her father pops in and out of her life. [=her father is sometimes involved in her life and sometimes not]
b always followed by an adverb or preposition : to go to or from a place quickly, suddenly, or briefly
▪ If you are busy, I can pop back in later. ▪ She popped over for a cup of tea. = (Brit) She popped round for a cup of tea. ▪ My neighbor popped in for a visit. ▪ I need to pop into the drugstore for some film. ▪ She popped out for a minute. She should be back soon. ▪ I'll pop down to the post office during my break.
4 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] informal : to put (something) in, into, or onto a place suddenly or briefly
▪ She popped a CD in the player. ▪ He popped a quarter in the jukebox. ▪ I popped a grape into my mouth. ▪ He popped [=stuck] his head out the window.
sırıl sıklam olmak, suda bekletmek, çekmek, emmek,
1 a : to put (something) in a liquid for a period of time [+ obj] ▪ Soak the beans overnight (in water). ▪ He soaked his feet (in a tub of warm water). ▪ You should soak those dirty clothes before you wash them. ▪ The cucumbers are soaked [=marinated] in vinegar. [no obj] ▪ The beans soaked in water overnight.
b [no obj] : to take a long bath
▪ He relaxed and soaked in the tub.
c [+ obj] : to make (someone or something) very wet with water or another liquid
▪ After planting the seeds, soak the soil. ▪ She soaked the dog with the hose. ▪ His shirt was soaked with sweat. ▪ I was/got soaked by the rain. ▪ My shirt and pants were soaked through [=made completely wet] by the rain. ▪ I was soaked to the skin [=made completely wet] within minutes.
2 [no obj] of a liquid : to enter or pass through or into something
▪ The oil soaked into the wood. ▪ Sweat soaked through his shirt. ▪ Rain soaked through her jacket. ▪ Blood soaked through the bandage.
3 [+ obj] informal : to make (someone) pay a lot of money for something
▪ People are getting soaked by city taxes. ▪ They're soaking their customers by charging high fees for routine services.
soak in
[phrasal verb] of a liquid : to enter something by a gradual process
▪ Pour water around the base of the plant and allow it to soak in. — often used figuratively ▪ He sat quietly, letting her words soak in. ▪ Close your eyes and let the music soak in.
kıvılcım saçmak, ateşlemek, havalı, kıvılcım, züppe
1 [count] a : a small piece of burning material that comes from a fire or is produced by rubbing or hitting two hard objects together
▪ A spark from the fireplace set the rug on fire. ▪ The car's tailpipe made sparks as it scraped the road.
b : a short, bright flash of electricity between two points
▪ A spark ignites the stove's burner.
2 [noncount] : a quality that makes someone or something enjoyable, interesting, successful, etc.
▪ In its fourth year, the TV series has lost its spark. ▪ She's a talented gymnast but she doesn't have the spark of some of her competitors.
3 [count] : a small amount of something
▪ A spark of hope remains. ▪ Sometimes there were surprising sparks of humor in his letters. ▪ occasional sparks of insight
4 [count] : an action, occurrence, etc., that causes something larger to happen
▪ His death was the spark that ignited the revolution. ▪ Her suggestion was the spark for the entire renovation project.
1 [+ obj] : to cause (something) to start or happen
▪ The question sparked a debate. ▪ Her fifth-grade teacher sparked her interest in history. — sometimes + off ▪ The arrests sparked off [=touched off] a riot. ▪ His hit sparked off [=started] a rally that brought in four runs.
2 [no obj] : to produce sparks
▪ The fire sparked and crackled. ▪ The wires made contact and sparked.
3 [+ obj] : to add interest, liveliness, or flavor to (something)
▪ prose sparked with humor — often + up ▪ spark up an otherwise bland sauce
uymak, takım elbise, uygun olmak, yakışmak, uygun düşmek
1 [count] : a set of clothes that usually consists of a jacket and a skirt or pair of pants that are made out of the same material
▪ a tweed/wool suit ▪ He wore his gray suit to the job interview. — see color picture; see also business suit, leisure suit, lounge suit, pantsuit, sailor suit, shell suit, three-piece suit, trouser suit, two-piece suit, zoot suit
2 [count] : a set of clothes or protective covering that is worn for a special purpose or under particular conditions
▪ a gym suit ▪ a suit of armor — see also bathing suit, bodysuit, catsuit, jumpsuit, snowsuit, space suit, sweat suit, swimsuit, union suit, wet suit
3 : a process by which a court of law makes a decision to settle a disagreement or problem between people or organizations : lawsuit [count] ▪ a civil/criminal suit ▪ divorce/custody/paternity suits ▪ He filed/brought a suit [=started legal proceedings] against her. [noncount] ▪ He filed/brought suit [=started legal proceedings] against her.
[+ obj] 1 a : to provide what is required or wanted by or for (someone or something)
▪ This program should suit [=satisfy] your needs. ▪ The restaurant offers meals to suit [=please] all tastes. ▪ I can schedule the meeting for tomorrow. Does that suit you? [=is that convenient for you?] ▪ That suits me fine. ▪ He only helps out when it suits him. [=when he wants to; when it is convenient for him to help out]
b : to be proper or suitable for (someone or something)
▪ This kind of behavior hardly suits a person of your age. ▪ She gave a serious speech that suited the occasion. ▪ The formal furniture really suited the style of the house. ▪ The job suits her very well. ▪ (Brit) This kind of work suits me down to the ground. [=suits me perfectly; I like/enjoy this kind of work very much]
2 : to be attractive on (someone) — not used in passive constructions ▪ Your new hairstyle suits [=becomes] you. ▪ That dress doesn't really suit her.
biraraya gelmek, canlandırmak, toparlamak, artırmak (düştükten sonra fiyatları)
[count] 1 : a public meeting to support or oppose someone or something
▪ a political rally ▪ Supporters held a rally for the candidate. ▪ Protesters staged an antiwar rally. ▪ a youth rally [=a public meeting for teenagers and young adults] — see also pep rally
2 finance : an increase in price or value after a decrease in price or value
▪ Stock prices are up after the dollar's rally yesterday.
3 sports : an occurrence in which a team or player that has been behind or playing badly begins to play well
▪ The team's late-game rally [=comeback] helped them win the game.
1 a [no obj] : to meet publicly to support or oppose something : to come together for a rally
▪ His supporters will rally tomorrow morning outside the capitol.
b [+ obj] : to cause (people) to join together to publicly support or oppose something
▪ The group is trying to rally voters for the election. ▪ The shootings rallied protesters who say the city neglects poorer neighborhoods.
2 [no obj] : to publicly support or oppose something or someone as a group
▪ Many people in the community have rallied to the mayor's side. [=have publicly shown support for the mayor] ▪ Parents rallied for/behind [=publicly showed support for] the new dress code guidelines. ▪ Students rallied against [=publicly showed opposition to] the new dress code guidelines. ; also : to join together as a group to do something
▪ Concerned people around the country have rallied (together) to help raise money for the victims.
3 [+ obj] : to cause (a group of people) to have new energy and enthusiasm in a difficult time or situation
▪ The coach rallied his players for the second half of the game. ▪ As the deadline approached, it was clear that we needed to rally the troops. [=to urge everyone to work harder]
4 [no obj] : to improve suddenly after a period of weakness, failure, etc.
▪ We were trailing for most of the game, but we rallied in the fourth quarter and ended up winning. ▪ Stocks rallied [=increased in price or value] at the close of trading today. ▪ The patient briefly rallied [=got healthier] but then became much worse and died a few days later.
çatlamak, çatırtı, çıtlatmak, sinir krizi geçirmek, vuruş
1 : to break (something) so that there are lines in its surface but it is usually not separated into pieces [+ obj] ▪ The hailstones were big enough to crack some windows. ▪ He cracked his collarbone in a skiing accident. [no obj] ▪ The mirror/glass cracked when she dropped it. ▪ A piece of the statue cracked off. [=broke off]
2 [+ obj] : to hit or press (something) so hard that it breaks apart or opens suddenly
▪ Workers cracked the large rock into three pieces so it could be moved. ▪ The bird cracked the seed on a tree branch. ▪ a tool used for cracking nuts ▪ He cracked open the eggs.
3 [+ obj] : to hit (someone or something) hard and usually suddenly
▪ Someone cracked him over the head with a beer bottle. ▪ The baby cracked her chin pretty hard when she fell. ▪ He fell and cracked his elbow on/against the ice.
4 [+ obj] a : to open (a bottle or can) for drinking — usually + open ▪ He cracked open a beer.
b : to open (a book) for studying or reading
▪ He hardly cracked a book his whole first semester of college. — usually + open ▪ It's a perfect day to relax and crack open a good book.
5 [+ obj] : to open (a safe) illegally without having a key, combination, etc.
▪ Any good thief could crack this safe.
6 [+ obj] a : to find an answer or solution to (something)
▪ Scientists have cracked [=solved] an ancient mystery using new technology. ▪ The police finally cracked [=broke] the case and arrested the murderer.
b : to find the meaning of (a secret code)
▪ He was able to crack [=break] the enemy's secret code.
anlamak, çekmek, idrak etmek, kavramak, pençe, tutma, yakalamak
[+ obj] 1 : to grab or hold (something) tightly
▪ The little boy gripped his mother's hand tightly. ▪ I gripped the door handle and pulled as hard as I could.
2 : to get and hold the interest or attention of (someone)
▪ The story really grips the reader. ▪ The scandal has gripped the nation.
1 [count] a : the act of grabbing or holding something — often + on ▪ She tightened her grip on the handlebars as she coasted down the hill. ▪ I got a good grip on the door handle and pulled. ▪ He loosened/relaxed/lost his grip on the rope. — see also death grip
b : a way or style of holding something
▪ a loose/tight grip ▪ His tennis instructor showed him the proper backhand grip. ▪ a golfer with an incorrect grip
2 [singular] a : power or control
▪ He has the country in his grip. [=he controls the country] ▪ He has been doing all he can to maintain/tighten his grip on the company's finances. ◊To be in the grip of something unpleasant is to be unable to stop or escape its effect or influence.
▪ The country is in the grip of a recession. ▪ We're still in the grip of winter.
b : an understanding of something — often + on ▪ She has a good grip on local politics. [=she understands local politics well] ▪ He can't seem to get a grip on [=gain a good understanding of] calculus.
3 [count] : a part for holding something
▪ a knife with a wooden grip [=handle] ▪ I need new grips for my golf clubs.
ani şey, anlık, beklenmedik, çarpma sesi,kapmak, parmak şıklatma, çıt sesi
1 : to break quickly with a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ The branch snapped and fell to the ground. ▪ The cable suddenly snapped. ▪ The earpiece of his glasses snapped off. [+ obj] ▪ She snapped the twig in two. ▪ The boy snapped the wing off his toy airplane.
2 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to move into a specified position with a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ The trap snapped shut. ▪ The bent tree snapped back into an upright position. ▪ The pieces snap [=click] easily into place. [+ obj] ▪ I snapped the lid shut. ▪ She snapped the pieces together.
3 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] : to close (something) with a fastener and especially with a snap
▪ She snapped her handbag shut. ▪ He snapped (up) his jacket.
4 [+ obj] : to turn (something) on or off with a switch
▪ snap on/off the lights
5 : to make a short, sharp sound or to cause (something) to make a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ A fire snapped [=crackled] in the wood stove. [+ obj] ▪ The driver snapped [=cracked] the whip to get the horses moving. ▪ a bored student snapping her chewing gum
6 : to use your thumb and fingers to make a short, sharp sound [+ obj] ▪ People snapped their fingers to the beat. ▪ He snapped his fingers to get the waiter's attention. [no obj] ▪ People in the audience snapped to the beat.
7 [+ obj] informal : to take (a photograph)
▪ tourists snapping pictures ▪ The images were snapped by a satellite camera. : to photograph (someone or something) ▪ A photographer snapped the famous couple leaving a London club last week.
1 [count] : a sudden, short, sharp sound caused by something breaking or moving into a new position — usually singular ▪ We could hear the snap of twigs beneath our feet. ▪ the snap of the alligator's jaws
2 [count] : the act of snapping your fingers or the sound made when you snap your fingers
▪ I've trained the dog to come to me with a snap of my fingers.
3 [count] US : a device that fastens something by closing or locking with a short, sharp sound
▪ The snap of the bracelet broke. ; especially : a set of two metal or plastic pieces that fit tightly together when you press them
konu, bahis, nesne, hedef
[count] 1 : the person or thing that is being discussed or described : topic
▪ The new museum is the subject of an article in today's paper. ▪ Death is a difficult subject that few people like to talk about. ▪ I need to break the news to her, but I'm not sure how to bring up the subject. ▪ If you're interested in linguistics, I know an excellent book on the/that subject. ▪ an excellent book on the subject of linguistics ▪ While we're on the subject of [=talking about] work, have you met the new boss? ▪ Every time I talk to her, we seem to get on/onto the subject of work. [=we start talking about work] ▪ These meetings would be much shorter if we could keep him from getting off the subject. ▪ I didn't want to talk about work, so I changed the subject. [=started a new topic of conversation] ▪ When he started getting upset, I dropped the subject. [=stopped talking about that topic] ▪ The morality of capital punishment is a frequent subject of/for debate.
2 : an area of knowledge that is studied in school
▪ Chemistry was my favorite subject in high school. ▪ The classes cover a variety of subject areas, including mathematics and English.
3 : a person or thing that is being dealt with in a particular way — + of ▪ He was the subject of a criminal investigation. [=he was investigated to find out if he had committed a crime] ▪ She was the subject of a lawsuit.
4 : someone or something that is shown in a photograph, painting, etc.
▪ Love between a mother and child is the subject of many of her paintings. ▪ The photographer's principal subjects were poor immigrant workers. ▪ What kind of exposure should I use for a dark subject on a light background?
5 : a person or animal that is used in an experiment, study, etc.
▪ Each subject was asked to fill out a questionnaire. ▪ The hospital is recruiting test subjects for the study.
esmek, yumruk, patlamak, üflemek
1 a [no obj] of air, wind, etc. : to move with speed or force
▪ The wind was blowing earlier but it's not blowing now. [=there was wind earlier but there isn't any wind now] ▪ The wind is blowing hard. = It's blowing hard outside. ▪ The storm is blowing hard/fiercely. = It's blowing up a storm. ▪ A cool breeze blew through the open window. ▪ The wind was blowing from the north.
b [+ obj] : to cause (air or something carried by air) to move
▪ The fan blew the air. ▪ The fan blew the smoke out the window.
c : to be moved or affected in a specified way by the wind [no obj] ▪ The door blew open/shut in the wind. ▪ The papers blew all over the place! ▪ The sign blew down/over. ▪ The leaves were blowing around in the wind. ▪ His hat blew off/away in the wind. [+ obj] ▪ The breeze blew my wet hair dry. ▪ The wind blew the door open/shut. ▪ The wind blew the sign down/over. ▪ The wind blew the ship off course. ▪ A gust of wind blew the papers all over the room. ▪ The wind blew his hat off/away.
2 a : to create a current of moving air by breathing [no obj] ▪ She blew on her fingers to warm them. ▪ He was blowing on his soup to cool it off. [+ obj] ▪ She blew air into the balloon.
b [+ obj] : to produce or shape (something, such as a bubble) by blowing air
▪ The clown was blowing bubbles for the children. ▪ blow beautiful shapes out of glass = blow glass into beautiful shapes — see also glassblowing
3 a [no obj] of a musical instrument, whistle, etc. : to produce a loud sound
▪ The trumpet/whistle blew loudly. ▪ The siren blew. [=sounded]
b [+ obj] : to play or produce a sound with (a musical instrument, whistle, etc.)
▪ blow a trumpet ▪ blow a whistle ▪ blow a siren
4 : to damage or destroy (something) with an explosion [+ obj] ▪ The terrorists rigged a bomb to blow [=(more commonly) blow up] the bridge. ▪ The explosion blew his leg off. = The explosion blew off his leg. ▪ The explosion blew out the window. ▪ The burglar blew the safe open with dynamite. ▪ The bomb blew the bridge to bits/smithereens. [=the bomb completely destroyed the bridge] [no obj] ▪ They ran away when they realized that the bridge was about to blow. [=(more commonly) blow up, explode] ▪ The window blew out in the explosion. ▪ The safe blew open when the burglar dynamited it. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ The election has been blown wide open by the revelation that one of the candidates was lying. ▪ The prosecution's case was blown apart by new evidence. — see also blow up (below)
5 : to cause (a tire) to suddenly lose air and become flat [+ obj] ▪ He drove over a nail and blew a tire. — often + out ▪ The car blew out a tire. [no obj] ▪ The car crashed because one of its tires had blown. — often + out ▪ One of the car's tires blew out.
dayanmak, yaslanmak, meyil
1 a [no obj] : to bend or move from a straight position
▪ The tree leans to one side. ▪ He leaned back in his chair. ▪ They leaned over the table to smell the flowers.
b [+ obj] : to cause (something) to bend or move from a straight position
▪ They leaned their heads back. ▪ He leaned his chair back.
2 a [no obj] : to rest on or against something or someone for support
▪ You can lean on me if you get tired. ▪ She stood leaning on her right leg. ▪ The ladder was leaning against the house.
b [+ obj] : to cause (something) to rest on or against something
▪ He leaned the ladder against the house. ▪ The boy leaned his head on his mother's shoulder.
3 a — used to describe what someone wants to do, tends to do, or is likely to do ▪ She hasn't made a decision yet, and I don't know which way she's leaning. — often + toward ▪ She's leaning toward a career in medicine. [=she is probably going to choose a career in medicine] ▪ The mayor is leaning toward closing down the school.
b — used to say that someone supports one group or set of beliefs more than another — often + toward ▪ an independent presidential candidate who leans toward the Democrats and their views
c — used to say that something is more like one thing than another — often + toward ▪ Her new album leans more toward rock than country.

[also more lean; most lean] 1 : not having much fat on the body : physically thin, strong, and healthy
▪ She has a lean, athletic body. ▪ a lean racehorse
2 : containing little or no fat
▪ lean meat ▪ (US) lean ground beef
3 : not having or producing much money, food, etc.
▪ Those were lean years for the company. [=the company did not make much money in those years] ▪ a lean budget/profit/harvest
4 usually approving : not using a lot of something (such as words or money)
▪ He had a lean style of writing. [=his writing style did not use too many words] : not wasteful ▪ She ran a lean and efficient company. ▪ We wanted our business to be lean and mean.
tutarlı, istikrarlı, devamlı
[more consistent; most consistent] 1 a : always acting or behaving in the same way
▪ He is a consistent supporter of the museum. ▪ We need to be more consistent in handling this problem. ▪ Data from recent experiments show consistent results. [=results that do not change]
b : of the same quality ; especially : good each time
▪ His pitching has always been very consistent. [=reliable] ▪ Customers expect that the quality of service they receive will be consistent. — opposite inconsistent
2 : continuing to happen or develop in the same way
▪ The pain has been consistent. ▪ Your grades have shown consistent improvement this school year. ▪ You need to exercise on a more consistent [=regular] basis. — opposite inconsistent
3 : having parts that agree with each other
▪ Their descriptions of the accident were consistent. ▪ She is not being consistent in her argument. [=her argument includes parts that do not agree with one another] : in agreement with something ▪ His statements were not consistent with the truth. [=were not true] ▪ His symptoms are consistent with heart disease. [=the symptoms he has are symptoms of heart disease] ▪ The decision was consistent with the company's policy. — opposite inconsistent
— con·sis·tent·ly adverb
▪ The technique is now being used consistently. ▪ He consistently earned high grades all through high school. ▪ She has played consistently all season. ▪ The store has consistently low prices.
bozmak, çabalamak, yumurta çırpmak, güçlükle ilerlemek, karışıklık, karıştırma, yağda pişirmek, tırmanma
1 [no obj] a always followed by an adverb or preposition : to move or climb over something quickly especially while also using your hands
▪ We scrambled over the boulders and kept climbing up the mountain. ▪ He scrambled up the ramp.
b : to move or act quickly to do, find, or get something often before someone else does
▪ reporters scrambling to finish stories by deadline ▪ Both players scrambled for the ball. ▪ News of the factory closing found workers scrambling to find jobs. ▪ It started to rain, and we all scrambled for cover.
2 [+ obj] : to prepare (eggs) by mixing the white and yellow parts together and then stirring the mixture in a hot pan
▪ I'll scramble some eggs for breakfast.
3 [+ obj] : to put (parts of something) in the wrong order — often used as (be) scrambled ▪ The letters of the words are scrambled. [=mixed up]
4 [+ obj] : to change (a radio or electronic signal) so that whoever receives it will not be able to understand it
▪ We will have to scramble our radio communications. ▪ The cable company scrambles the channels that you do not pay for.
— scrambled adjective
▪ scrambled eggs and toast ▪ a scrambled signal
: an act of scrambling: such as a [singular] : the act of moving or climbing over something quickly especially while also using your hands
▪ a quick scramble over boulders
b [singular] : the act of moving or acting quickly to do, find, or get something
▪ the scramble for power in the country ▪ a scramble for the ball ▪ There was a mad scramble to fill vacant positions at the school.