gölge, karanlık, iz, ton
1 [noncount] : an area of slight darkness that is produced when something blocks the light of the sun
▪ The buildings cast shade on the plaza. ▪ The tree provided plenty of shade. ▪ These plants grow well in shade. ▪ It was a hot sunny day, but luckily their seats for the game were in the shade. ▪ We sat in the shade of a willow tree.
2 [count] a : something that is used to block strong light
▪ He used his hand as a shade as he looked out into the bright sunlight. ▪ an eye shade
b : lampshade
▪ a lamp with a broken shade
c US : window shade
▪ She pulled down the shades.
3 shades [plural] informal : sunglasses
▪ She was wearing a cool pair of shades.
4 [noncount] : a darkened area in a drawing, painting, etc.
▪ a painting with contrasting areas of light and shade
5 [count] : a particular type of a color that is lighter, darker, etc., than other types — usually + of ▪ different shades of brown ▪ lipstick in several shades of red ▪ a bright shade of blue
6 [count] : a particular form of something that is usually slightly different from other forms
▪ The word has many shades of meaning.
7 [count] : a very small amount
▪ He saw shades [=traces] of himself in his son. ▪ He is just a shade [=a bit, a little] taller than his brother. ▪ The shirt is a shade too large for me.
hububat, tanecik, zerrecik, doku, ağaç damarı
1 a [noncount] : the seeds of plants (such as wheat, corn, and rice) that are used for food
▪ bread made from whole wheat grain ▪ The machine grinds grain into flour. ; also [count] : a single seed of wheat, corn, rice, etc.
▪ a grain of rice
b : a plant that produces grain [count] ▪ The farm grows a variety of grains. [noncount] ▪ fields planted with grain
2 [count] a : a small, hard piece of something
▪ a grain of sand/salt — see also take (something) with a grain of salt at 1salt
b : a very small amount of something
▪ Anyone with a grain of sense knows that she's lying. ▪ There is not a grain of truth in what he said.
3 [count] a : the way the lines or fibers in something (such as wood) are arranged — usually singular ▪ She sanded the wood in the direction of the grain.
b : the way that the surface of something feels when it is touched — usually singular ▪ The wood has a fine/coarse grain.
üremek, üretmek, büyütmek, çiftleştirmek / cins, çeşit,, nesil
1 [+ obj] : to keep and take care of animals or plants in order to produce more animals or plants of a particular kind
▪ He got into the business of breeding cattle.▪ The plants are bred to resist disease and drought.▪ dogs bred for hunting = dogs bred as hunters = dogs bred to hunt▪ wild horses bred to [=mated to] domestic horses [=wild horses and domestic horses brought together to produce horses that have qualities of both]
2 [no obj] : to produce young animals, birds, etc. : to produce offspring by sexual reproduction
▪ low-lying areas where mosquitoes breed [=reproduce]
3 [+ obj] : to take care of and teach (a child who is growing up)
▪ She believes that we are breeding a generation of children who know nothing about the history of their country.— usually used as (be) bred▪ children who are bred [=(more commonly) raised, brought up] in conditions of poverty and crime — see also breeding, ill-bred, well-bred
4 [+ obj] : to cause or lead to (something)
▪ Despair often breeds violence.▪ scandals that breed cynicism — see also familiarity breeds contempt at familiarity
[count] 1: a particular kind of dog, cat, horse, etc. : a kind of animal that has been produced by breeding
▪ The collie is a working breed.▪ exotic breeds of cats▪ different breeds of cattle
2: a kind of person
▪ a new/different breed of athlete▪ People like them are a dying breed. [=there are not many people like them anymore]▪ Back then, stay-at-home dads were a rare breed. [=there were not many stay-at-home dads]
açık, basit, boş, sade, çıplak
1 a: not having a covering
▪ There was a rug in the front room of the house, but the other floors were bare.▪ The walls were bare.▪ Do not let the bare wires touch.— sometimes used figuratively ▪ He laid bare his soul. = He laid his soul bare. [=he revealed his most private thoughts and feelings]▪ The book is an attempt to lay bare [=reveal, uncover] the secrets of this very powerful political family.
b: not covered by clothing, shoes, a hat, etc.
▪ He covered her bare arms with his coat.▪ Her feet were bare. = She had bare feet. [=she wasn't wearing shoes or socks on her feet]▪ He had a glove on his left hand, but his right hand was bare.▪ His head is bare. [=he does not have a hat on] — see also with your bare hands at 1hand
c: not covered by leaves, grass, trees, or plants
▪ She likes the bare [=naked] branches of trees in the winter.▪ The ground was bare where the statue had stood for years.▪ The mountainside was laid bare by loggers. [=all the trees on the mountainside were cut down by loggers]
2 a: not containing anything :empty
▪ The cupboard was bare.▪ There was only one bare shelf.
meşgul etmek, işgal etmek, ele geçirmek, zamanını almak
[+ obj] 1somewhat formal: to live in (a house, apartment, etc.)
▪ They have occupied the apartment for three years.▪ She occupies the house that her grandfather built 50 years ago.▪ They own another house that they occupy only three months out of the year.▪ They occupy the room next to ours.
2 a: to fill or be in (a place or space)
▪ Someone was occupying [=sitting in] my place at the table.▪ This region was once almost completely occupied by forests.▪ Their house occupies a beautiful spot next to the ocean.— sometimes used figuratively ▪ That family trip occupies [=has] a special place in my memory.
b: to fill or use (an amount of time)
▪ Studying occupies nearly all of my time on the weekends. [=I spend nearly all of my time studying]▪ Much of our time is occupied by answering questions from our customers.
3: to make (someone, someone's mind, etc.) busy
▪ During the long train ride, they occupied [=busied] themselves with card games.▪ These questions have continued to occupy her mind.▪ Reading occupied me for most of the summer. = I occupied myself with reading for most of the summer.
4: to take and keep control of (a town, foreign country, etc.) by using military power
▪ Enemy troops occupied the town.▪ The army is occupying half of the country.
5somewhat formal: to have (a job or position)
▪ She now occupies the highest position in the country's government.▪ occupying a position of power
pansiyon, kısa süre için kiracı olmak, kirada oturmak, konaklamak, misafir etmek, sunmak, saplamak, yerleştirmek, arz etmek, para yatırmak
1 a [+ obj] : to provide (someone) with a place to stay for a short period of time
▪ The workers were lodged in temporary camps.▪ The refugees needed to be lodged and fed.
b [no obj] : to stay at a place for a short period of time
▪ We lodged at the resort.— often + with▪ The guests lodged with their hosts overnight.
2: to become stuck or fixed in a specified place or position [no obj] ▪ The bullet lodged in his brain. [+ obj] ▪ The bullet lodged itself in his brain.— often used as (be) lodged▪ The bullet was lodged in his brain.▪ A fish bone got/became lodged in her throat.— often used figuratively ▪ a scene that is lodged in my memory [=a scene that I cannot forget]
3 [+ obj] : to present (something, such as a complaint) to someone so that it can be considered, dealt with, etc. :file
▪ The group has lodged a grievance.— often + against▪ She lodged a complaint against her landlord in court.▪ He disputes the charges that have been lodged against him.
4 [+ obj] chiefly Brit: to place (something, such as money) in something or with someone so that it can be kept safe
▪ The funds were lodged in an offshore account.▪ The funds were lodged with an offshore bank.
çarpışmak, çarpmak, darbe, çarpma, şiş, şişlik
1 [+ obj] a : to hit (something, such as part of your body) against an object in a sudden and forceful way
▪ I have a bruise from where I bumped my head. — often + against or on ▪ He bumped his head against the shelf. ▪ I fell and bumped my elbow on the floor.
b : to hit and move (someone or something)
▪ Be careful not to bump the vase. ▪ You nearly bumped me off/over the edge! ▪ The jolt bumped him right out of his seat. ▪ He accidentally bumped [=knocked] my drink out of my hand when he passed by.
2 [no obj] : to move into or against (someone or something) in a sudden and forceful way
▪ They bumped into us from behind. ▪ The boat bumped against the pier. — often + up ▪ The boat bumped up against the pier. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ They're bumping (up) against the limits of technology. — see also bump into (below), bump up (below)
[count] 1 : an area of skin that is raised because it was hit, injured, etc.
▪ He wound up with a few minor bumps and bruises from the fight. ▪ Feel this bump [=lump] on the back of my head. — see also goose bumps
2 : a small raised area on a surface
▪ The car hit a bump (in the road). — often used figuratively in U.S. English ▪ His career hit a bump in the road. = His career hit a road bump. [=something happened that slowed the progress of his career] ▪ When you're doing something for the first time, you're bound to hit a few bumps along the way. — see also speed bump
tel, ince tel, iplik,sıra, dizi
1 : a long, thin piece of cotton, silk, etc., used for sewing [noncount] ▪ a spool of thread [count] ▪ A thread was hanging from the hem of her coat. — see picture at sewing
2 [count] literary : a long, thin line of something — usually + of ▪ A slender thread of smoke rose up from the chimney.
3 [count] : the raised line that winds around a screw
4 [singular] : an idea, feeling, etc., that connects the different parts of something (such as a story)
▪ The stories share a common thread. ▪ A thread of self-pity runs through his autobiography. ▪ I lost the thread of the plot long before the story ended. ▪ I found it hard to follow the thread of the conversation.
5 [count] computers : a series of related messages that are written on an Internet message board
▪ If you want to discuss a different subject, you should start a new thread.
zıplamak, zıplatmak, hoplatmak, fırlatmak
1 a [+ obj] : to cause (a ball, rock, etc.) to hit against a surface and quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction
▪ He was bouncing a tennis ball against/off the garage door. ▪ bouncing the ball back and forth
b [no obj] : to move in one direction, hit a surface (such as a wall or the floor), and then quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction — usually + off ▪ The ball bounced off the wall. ▪ A rock bounced off the road and hit our car's windshield. ▪ The light will bounce off the mirror and shine into the next room.
2 a [no obj] : to move with a lot of energy and excitement
▪ He bounced [=bounded] into the room to welcome his guests. ▪ The kids are bouncing off the walls. [=the kids are very/too excited and have a lot of energy]
b : to move or jump up and down [no obj] ▪ The children love to bounce on the bed/trampoline. ▪ The winner bounced up and down with delight. ▪ Her curls bounced as she jumped. [+ obj] ▪ He bounced the baby on his knee.
3 a [no obj] of a check : to be returned by a bank because there is not enough money in the bank account to pay the amount that is on the check
▪ She gave me a check for 20 dollars, but the check bounced, and I never got the money.
b [+ obj] : to write (a check) that is returned without payment by the bank
▪ He bounced a 100-dollar check at the grocery store. ▪ The store charges a $15 fee for a bounced check.
4 [no obj] : to go quickly and repeatedly from one job, place, etc., to another
▪ He bounces back and forth between Miami and Houston. — often + from ▪ bouncing from place to place ▪ She bounces from one job to another. ▪ Our teacher's always bouncing from one subject to another.
5 : to return (an e-mail) to the sender instead of delivering it [+ obj] ▪ I tried to send you an e-mail, but it got bounced back to me. [=the e-mail or computer system was not able to deliver it] [no obj] ▪ I tried to send you an e-mail but it bounced.
emeklemek, sürünmek, dalkavukluk etmek, yavaş ilerlemek
1 [no obj] a : to move on your hands and knees
▪ Does the baby crawl yet? ▪ We got down on our knees and crawled through a small opening. ▪ The baby crawled across the floor toward her mother.
b : to move with the body close to or on the ground
▪ The soldiers crawled forward on their bellies. ▪ The snake crawled into its hole. ▪ There's a spider crawling [=moving forward on its legs] up the wall.
2 a [no obj] : to move slowly
▪ They're doing construction on the road, so traffic is crawling. ▪ I worked late into the night, and it was 2 a.m. before I finally crawled into bed. ▪ The bus crawled along the rough and narrow road. ▪ The days slowly crawled by. ▪ Traffic has crawled to a stop/standstill. [=has come to a complete stop after moving very slowly] ▪ Work on the project has crawled to a standstill.
b [+ obj] : to move slowly on, across, or through (something)
▪ We all got into the old truck and crawled the streets of the city looking for him.
3 [no obj] : to be full of many people, insects, animals, etc. — usually used in the phrase be crawling with ▪ The courthouse is crawling [=teeming] with reporters today. ▪ The table was crawling with ants.
4 [no obj] Brit, informal + disapproving : to be extremely nice to someone in order to get approval or some advantage for yourself
▪ He's been crawling [=creeping] to the boss for months, so it's no surprise he got a promotion.
gerginleştirmek, kasılmak, zorlamak, çok gayret etmek, gerinme, zor
1 : a feeling of stress and worry that you have because you are trying to do too much, are dealing with a difficult problem, etc. [count] ▪ The work has been a strain on me. [=it has been stressful for me] ▪ The strain of working and going to school full-time was too much for her. ▪ He talked about the stresses and strains of owning a business. ▪ The long hours at work have put/placed a strain on me. ▪ She has been under a strain lately. [noncount] ▪ Help from other workers took some of the strain [=pressure] off me. ▪ She has been under (a lot of) strain lately. ▪ He is holding up under the strain. [=he is able to deal with the pressure] ▪ He cracked/collapsed/buckled under the strain. [=he was not able to deal with the pressure]
2 : something that is very difficult to deal with and that causes harm or trouble [count] ▪ There are strains [=problems] in their relationship. ▪ Being deeply in debt has been a strain [=burden] on our marriage. ▪ The disagreement has put/placed a strain on their friendship. ▪ Sending their children to college has put/placed a strain on their finances. [noncount] ▪ Being in debt has been a source of strain on our marriage. ▪ Their friendship is under strain.
3 : a force that pulls or stretches something : stress [count] ▪ The cable is designed to withstand strains of more than four tons. — usually singular ▪ The strain on the cables supporting the bridge is enormous. ▪ The cables could not take the strain of the extra weight. [noncount] ▪ If there is too much strain on the cables they will snap. ▪ Moving the piano will put/place too much strain on our back muscles. ▪ The cable broke under the strain.
4 : an injury to a body part or muscle that is caused by too much tension, effort, or use [count] ▪ a leg/muscle strain [noncount] ▪ Long hours of study can cause eye strain. ▪ Heavy lifting is a cause of muscle strain.
1 [+ obj] : to injure (a body part or muscle) by too much tension, use, or effort
▪ I strained my back trying to lift the couch. ▪ Too much computer work strains the eyes. ▪ He strained a muscle in his leg. — compare sprain
2 : to try very hard to do or get something [no obj] — often + for ▪ He was straining for air. [=he was struggling to breathe] — often followed by to + verb ▪ He strained to open the jar. ▪ She strained to sing the high notes. ▪ The people in the back of the room strained to hear the speaker. [+ obj] ▪ I strained my ears to hear [=I tried very hard to hear] what they were whispering. ▪ I strained my eyes [=I tried very hard to see] in the darkness.
3 a : to be pulled or stretched in a forceful way [no obj] ▪ His muscles strained under the heavy weight. [+ obj] ▪ People were straining their necks [=were lifting their heads as high as they could by stretching their necks] to see the fight. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ You are straining (the limits of) my patience with your nagging.
b [no obj] : to pull hard on or push hard against something — + at or against ▪ The dog strained at its leash. ▪ His belly strained against the buttons of the shirt. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ The kids were straining at the leash to get going. [=were very eager to get going]
4 [+ obj] : to cause problems or trouble for (something)
▪ The disagreement strained their relationship. ▪ The rent has strained our finances. ▪ The company is financially strained.
5 [+ obj] : to separate a liquid from solid pieces by using a special device (called a strainer)
▪ He strained the pasta. = He strained the water from the pasta. ▪ She strained the gravy. = She strained the lumps out of the gravy.
emzirmek, meme emmek, içine çekmek, emmek, soğurmak
1 a [+ obj] : to pull (liquid, air, etc.) into your mouth especially while your lips are forming a small hole
▪ sucking milk through a straw
b : to pull on (something in your mouth) with the muscles of your lips and mouth [+ obj] ▪ a toddler sucking his thumb ▪ She just sucked her teeth and stared. [no obj] ▪ She sucked on an orange slice.
c : to let (something, such as candy or medicine) stay in your mouth as it melts [+ obj] ▪ I sucked a cough drop. [no obj] ▪ sucking on a lollipop
2 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] a : to pull (something) with the force of moving water, air, etc.
▪ The tide almost sucked us out to sea. ▪ The boat was sucked under the water in the storm.
b : to remove (something) from an area or substance by pulling it with the force of moving water, air, etc.
▪ These plants suck moisture from the soil. ▪ The fan sucks smoke from the air. ▪ a vacuum cleaner that sucks up water as well as dirt — sometimes used figuratively ▪ She just seems to suck the joy out of the room. ▪ This heat has sucked every ounce of energy out of me.
3 [+ obj] : to make (part of your body) flatter or tighter by pulling your muscles inward — + in ▪ He was sucking in his gut. [=pulling in his stomach to make himself seem thinner] ▪ It looked like she had sucked her cheeks in for the picture.
4 [+ obj] : to cause (someone) to become involved or interested in something — + in or into ▪ Their lifestyle seemed exciting, and I admit it really sucked me in. — often used as (be/get) sucked in/into ▪ Hundreds of people got sucked into the scheme and many lost their entire life savings.
5 not used in progressive tenses [no obj] informal + sometimes impolite a : to be very bad or unpleasant
▪ You lost your job? That sucks. ▪ People who went to the party said it sucked.
b : to do something very badly
▪ He sang a few songs, and man, he sucks. [=he sings badly] — often + at ▪ I suck at golf. [=I play golf badly]
pusula, saha, kuşatmak, alan, çevrelemek, gizli plan kurmak
1 [count] : a device that is used to find direction by means of a needle that always points north
▪ He always carries a compass when he walks in the woods. ▪ Guests arrived from all points of the compass. [=directions]
2 [count] : something that helps a person make choices about what is right, effective, etc.
▪ His religion is the compass that guides him. ▪ Interest rates serve as a compass for determining whether to buy or sell stocks. ▪ The character in the movie had no moral compass to tell him that stealing was wrong.
3 [count] a : a tool that consists of two pointed sticks joined at the top and that is used for measuring distances — often plural ▪ a pair of compasses [=dividers]
b : a tool that consists of a pen or pencil attached to a pointed stick and that is used for drawing circles
4 [noncount] : a specialized area of knowledge, skill, experience, etc. — often used after beyond or within ▪ That topic falls beyond the compass [=beyond the scope] of my research.
karşıt, zıt, tersine, aykırı
on the contrary
also quite the contrary
— used to state that the opposite of what was said before is true ▪ The test will not be easy; on the contrary, it will be very difficult. ▪ The lecture was not boring. Quite the contrary, it was very informative and interesting.
: an opposite or different fact, event, or situation
▪ He was sure his sister had made a mistake, but the contrary was true: she was right and he was wrong.
to the contrary
: stating or proving the opposite of something
▪ He was no fool, despite talk to the contrary. ▪ Unless there is evidence to the contrary, we have to believe them.
1 : exactly opposite to something else : entirely different from something else
▪ The sisters gave contrary answers: one said "yes" and one said "no." ▪ We had contrary opinions/views on the issue.
2 : against or opposed to something
▪ Without contrary evidence, the jury will find her guilty. — often + to ▪ Going over the speed limit is contrary to traffic laws. [=it is illegal; it is against the law]
3 : not favorable or helpful
▪ The boat sailed against a contrary wind. ▪ Contrary weather impeded the rescue efforts.
4 /kɑnˈtreri/ : unwilling to obey or behave well
▪ a contrary child
çözmek, çözünmek, erimek, feshetmek
1 of something solid : to mix with a liquid and become part of the liquid [no obj] ▪ Sugar/salt dissolves in water. [+ obj] ▪ Dissolve the tablet in water.
2 [+ obj] formal : to officially end (something, such as a marriage, organization, or agreement)
▪ She dissolved [=terminated] their partnership. — often used as (be) dissolved ▪ The marriage/business/government was dissolved. ▪ The company has been dissolved.
3 somewhat formal : to end or disappear or cause (something) to end or disappear [no obj] ▪ His smile dissolved [=disappeared] when I told him the news. ▪ Hopes for peace dissolved in renewed violence. [+ obj] ▪ His kind words dissolved her sadness. ▪ The treatment is used to dissolve kidney stones. ◊If you dissolve in/into tears/laughter, etc., you start to cry, laugh, etc., in an uncontrolled way.
▪ The audience dissolved into tears during the play's final scene. ▪ The children dissolved into laughter/giggles.
aşk ilişkisi, durum, ilişki, şey, sorun
1 affairs [plural] : work or activities done for a purpose : commercial, professional, public, or personal business
▪ The group conducts its affairs [=business] in private. ▪ We were told to arrange/settle our affairs. = We were told to put our affairs in order. ▪ handling/managing someone else's affairs ▪ They seem to be quite pleased with the current/present state of affairs. [=situation] ▪ She's the company's director of public affairs. [=the person who manages a company's relationship with the public] ▪ She's an expert in foreign affairs. [=events and activities that involve foreign countries] ▪ world/international affairs [=events and activities that involve different nations] ▪ After the war, the government focused on its own domestic affairs. ▪ They accused the U.S. of interfering in the internal affairs of other nations.
2 [count] : a matter that concerns or involves someone
▪ This has nothing to do with you. It's not your affair. [=business, concern] = It's none of your affair. [=business] ▪ How I choose to live is my affair, not yours.
3 [count] : a secret sexual relationship between two people : love affair
▪ adulterous/extramarital affairs between married men and single women — often used in the phrase have an affair ▪ She divorced her husband after she discovered that he was having an affair. — often + with ▪ She had an affair with a coworker.
4 [count] a : a social event or activity
▪ He wants to make their wedding day an affair to remember. [=a special event] ▪ a simple/elaborate affair ▪ We were invited to a black-tie affair [=a party in which men wear tuxedos and women wear fancy dresses] at the governor's mansion.
kutsamak, dua etmek, hayır dua etmek
[+ obj] 1 : to make (something or someone) holy by saying a special prayer
▪ The priest blessed their marriage at the wedding. ▪ The water for the baptism has been blessed.
2 : to ask God to care for and protect (someone or something)
▪ The priest blessed the baby I held in my arms.
3 a — used in the phrase God bless to express good wishes or appreciation for someone or something ▪ May God bless this country. ▪ God bless modern medicine. [=thank God for modern medicine] — see also god bless you (below)
b — used in phrases like bless his/her heart and bless him/her to express affection, appreciation, or understanding ▪ She tries so hard, bless her heart. ▪ My aunt Clare, bless her, watched the kids while we went out. ▪ Our cousin, bless his heart, is just so disorganized. — see also bless you (below)
4 : to provide (a person, place, etc.) with something good or desirable
▪ Nature has blessed the area with good soil and a sunny climate. — usually used as (be) blessed ▪ I have been blessed with good health and a wonderful wife and children. ▪ He was blessed [=endowed] with great speed as a runner.
5 : to give approval to (something)
▪ The committee has not yet blessed the plan.
denizcilik, gemi kullanmak, gitmek
1 : to find the way to get to a place when you are traveling in a ship, airplane, car, etc. [no obj] ▪ For thousands of years, sailors navigated by the stars. ▪ How about if you drive and I navigate? [+ obj] ▪ I'd need a map to navigate the city. — often used figuratively ▪ We have had to carefully navigate (our way) through a maze of rules and regulations.
2 a : to sail on, over, or through an area of water [+ obj] ▪ Only flat-bottomed boats can safely navigate the canal. [no obj] ▪ He has learned to navigate in rough waters.
b : to travel on, over, or through (an area or place) [+ obj] ▪ The downtown area is easily navigated on foot. ▪ She has trouble navigating the stairs with her crutches. [no obj] ▪ It took us 10 minutes to navigate through the parking lot to the exit.
3 [+ obj] : to control the direction of (something, such as a ship or airplane) : steer
▪ The captain navigated the ship. ▪ He has had experience navigating airplanes through storms. — often used figuratively ▪ She has carefully navigated the company through some difficult times.
geri çekilmek, geri çekilme, direnme, gerilemek, gerileme
1 : movement by soldiers away from an enemy because the enemy is winning or has won a battle [noncount] ▪ The forces are now in (full) retreat. [count] ▪ The army passed through the town on/during its retreat (from the battlefield). ▪ He sounded/signaled the retreat. [=made the signal telling soldiers to begin a retreat]
2 [count, noncount] : movement away from a place or situation especially because it is dangerous, unpleasant, etc.
▪ Some of her friends were surprised by her retreat from public life following her defeat in the election. ▪ He made/beat a hasty retreat [=he left quickly] when he realized he had entered the wrong office.
3 [count] : the act of changing your opinion or position on something because it is unpopular — usually singular ▪ The mayor was forced to make a retreat from his earlier position.
[no obj] 1 : to move back to get away from danger, attack, etc.
▪ When the enemy attacked, our troops were forced to retreat. ▪ They retreated behind trees for safety.
2 : to move or go away from a place or situation especially because it is dangerous, unpleasant, etc.
▪ He quickly retreated from the room. ▪ After her defeat, she retreated from politics.
3 : to change your opinion or statement about something because it is unpopular — usually + from ▪ The mayor was forced to retreat from his original position.
4 : to move backward
▪ As the temperatures warm, the glaciers begin to retreat. ▪ The floodwaters are retreating.
5 : to go to a place that is quiet and private
▪ They retreated into the next room to talk privately.
kazanç sağlamak, vermek, ürün vermek, sağlamak
1 [+ obj] a : to produce or provide (something, such as a plant or crop)
▪ The apple/peach trees yielded an abundant harvest. ▪ This soil should yield good crops. ▪ The seeds yield a rich oil.
b : to produce (something) as a result of time, effort, or work
▪ New methods have yielded promising results in the field. ▪ The studies yielded clear evidence. — sometimes + up ▪ Their research has yielded up some surprising results.
c : to produce (a profit, an amount of money, etc.)
▪ The tax is expected to yield millions. ▪ The bond yields seven percent annually.
2 [no obj] : to agree to do or accept something that you have been resisting : to stop trying to resist or oppose something
▪ After several hours of debate, the opposition yielded. — often + to ▪ The company refused to yield to the protesters' demands. ▪ The architect yielded to critics and changed the design. ▪ I finally yielded to temptation and had some cake.
[count] 1 : the amount of something that is produced by a plant, farm, etc.
▪ Our yield of wheat increased this year. ▪ The average yield per tree is about one bushel.
2 : the profit made from an investment
▪ The yield on government bonds is currently seven percent. ▪ stocks with high-percentage yields
entrika, komplo, parsel, arsa, suikast düzenlemek, entrika çevirmek
1 [count] a : an area of land that has been measured and is considered as a unit
▪ The plots are selling for $15,000 per acre. ▪ They just bought a 12-acre plot of land.
b : a usually small piece of land that is used for a particular purpose
▪ a garden plot ▪ He bought a burial plot in the local cemetery. [=a small area of land where his body will be buried when he dies]
2 : a series of events that form the story in a novel, movie, etc. [count] ▪ The book's plot revolves around a woman who is searching for her missing sister. ▪ The movie has a weak/strong plot. ▪ As the plot unfolds [=as the story continues; as things happen in the novel, movie, etc.], we learn more about the hero's family. [noncount] ▪ The movie lacks plot [=nothing interesting happens in the movie], but it's a fascinating character study. ▪ He is a master of plot [=he is very good at thinking of interesting stories], but his characters are not realistic. — see also subplot
3 [count] : a secret plan to do something that is usually illegal or harmful
▪ Police uncovered a plot to assassinate the prime minister. ▪ The prime minister was the target of an assassination plot. ▪ plots against the government ▪ They hatched a plot [=made a plan] to steal the famous painting.
1 a : to plan secretly to do something usually illegal or harmful [+ obj] ▪ They plotted to steal the painting. ▪ She spent her years in prison plotting her revenge. ▪ He plotted his escape. ▪ They are accused of plotting the assassination of the prime minister. = They are accused of plotting to assassinate the prime minister. [no obj] — usually + against ▪ He feared the other prisoners were plotting against him.
b [+ obj] : to plan (something)
▪ We've been plotting growth strategies for the company. ▪ She carefully plotted her career path.
to give something because you have more than you need
[+ obj] 1 a : to choose not to punish or harm (someone)
▪ No one knows why the gunman shot some people and spared others. ▪ No one knows why he spared their lives. [=why he didn't kill them]
b : to not destroy or harm (something)
▪ Somehow the storm spared our house while nearby buildings were destroyed.
2 : to prevent (someone or something) from experiencing or being affected by something unpleasant, harmful, etc.
▪ She was spared from having to answer any more questions. ▪ He wanted to spare his family from the stress he had endured. ▪ Our church was spared the fate of many others that have been closed. [=our church was not closed] ▪ I could have spared myself the trouble. ▪ He spared them the embarrassment of a public apology.
3 : to give (something, such as time, money, etc.) to someone
▪ Can you spare (me) a few minutes? [=can you spend a few minutes with me?] ▪ I can't spare the time to see you today. [=I don't have enough time to see you today] ▪ If you could spare a cup of sugar, it would save me a trip to the store. ▪ You should spare a thought for [=think about] those who are less fortunate than you.
4 : to not do or provide (something)
▪ Nothing was spared by the hotel [=the hotel provided everything possible] to make its guests relaxed and comfortable. ▪ We will spare no effort [=we will do everything we can] to ensure the safety of the tunnels. ▪ When they go on vacation, they spare no expense. [=they do not worry about spending too much money; they spend a lot of money] ▪ He said that he would spare no expense [=he would spend as much money as necessary] to make the restaurant successful.
◊If you have money, time, energy, etc., to spare, you have more than enough money, time, energy, etc.
▪ He seems to have energy to spare. [=he seems to have a lot of energy] ▪ We have very little time to spare. [=we do not have a lot of time] ▪ I have no money to spare [=I do not have enough money] for such things. ▪ He got there with (only) minutes/seconds to spare. [=he got there only minutes/seconds before he needed to; he got there just in time] ▪ He got there with time to spare. [=he got there early; he got there in plenty of time]
ulumak, havlamak, inlemek, uğultu, kahkaha atmak
1 [no obj] of a dog, wolf, etc. : to make a long, loud cry that sounds sad
▪ The dogs were howling at the moon.
2 [no obj] of the wind : to make a long, loud sound
▪ The wind was howling.
3 [no obj] : to cry out loudly in pain, anger, amusement, etc.
▪ He howled in agony. ▪ The audience howled with laughter. [=the audience laughed very loudly]
4 : to say something in a loud and angry way [+ obj] ▪ "I can't take it!" she howled. = She howled that she couldn't take it. [no obj] ▪ Activists are howling (in protest) over the court's decision. ▪ protesters howling for change
parılıtı, parlaklık, alevlenmek, akkor olmak, yanmak
[no obj] 1 a : to shine with low light and heat but usually without flame
▪ The coals glowed in the fireplace. ▪ The fireplace glowed with the dying coals.
b : to shine with a steady light
▪ The lamp glowed (brightly/softly) in the window. ▪ This toy glows in the dark.
2 a : to have a warm, reddish color from exercise, emotion, etc. — often + with ▪ Her face was glowing with embarrassment.
b : to look happy, excited, or healthy — usually + with ▪ Her parents glowed with pride [=they looked very happy and proud] as she was given her diploma. ▪ The children were glowing with pleasure/excitement.
[singular] 1 : a soft and steady light
▪ We could see the glow of the lamp in the window. ▪ The town's lights cast a glow on the horizon.
2 : a pink color in your face from exercising, being excited, etc.
▪ the rosy glow of health
3 a : a pleasant feeling
▪ He felt a glow as he remembered the day they first met. ▪ Their problems were all forgotten in the glow of victory.
b : physical warmth or heat
▪ She felt the glow from the fireplace.
kaşımak, kaşınmak, karalamak, çizmek, sıyrık
1 a : to rub your skin with something sharp (such as your fingernails) especially in order to stop an itch [+ obj] ▪ Will you scratch my back for me? ▪ Scratching the itch only makes it worse. ▪ The dog scratched its ear. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ Maybe it's time to scratch the/that itch to travel I've had since I was a kid. [=maybe it's time to satisfy the urge I've had to travel] [no obj] ▪ You shouldn't scratch. It'll just make your itch worse. — see also scratch someone's back (below)
b : to make a shallow and narrow cut in (your skin) with something sharp (such as fingernails, claws, etc.) [+ obj] ▪ The cat scratched me. ▪ Thorns scratched our legs as we climbed through the briars. [no obj] ▪ Careful, the cat will scratch.
c [no obj] : to rub a surface or object with something sharp or rough in a way that produces a harsh sound
▪ The dog was scratching at the door.
2 [+ obj] a : to make a line or mark in the surface of (something) by rubbing or cutting it with something rough or sharp
▪ Be careful not to scratch the table. ▪ Someone scratched the paint on my car.
b : to make (something, such as a line or letters) in the surface of something by using a stick, a sharp tool, etc.
▪ The little boy scratched lines in the dirt with a stick. ▪ They scratched their initials in the old bridge.
c : to write (something) in a quick and untidy way
▪ She scratched a note to herself on a napkin.
ışık demeti, ışın hüzmesi, iz
[count] 1 a : one of the lines of light that you can see coming from an object
▪ A ray of sunlight shone on her face. ▪ We were blinded by the sun's rays. ▪ Rays of light reflected off the mirror. ◊In informal English, if you catch some rays, catch a few rays, soak up a few rays, etc., you sit or lie in the sun.
▪ I'm going to the beach to catch some rays. [=to sunbathe]
b technical : a thin beam of energy (such as heat or light) that moves in the form of waves
▪ harmful ultraviolet rays — see also cathode-ray tube, death ray, gamma ray, x-ray
2 : a very small amount of something
▪ I saw a tiny ray of recognition in his eyes. ▪ We're finally starting to see a ray of hope [=a reason to start being hopeful] ▪ The announcement is/brings a ray of hope to all of us who have been fighting this disease.
tel, telgraf, telle bağlamak, elektrik teli
1 : a thin, flexible thread of metal [noncount] ▪ The flowers were bound together with thin wire. ▪ copper/aluminum wire ▪ a wire rack/fence ▪ wire brushes [count] ▪ There was a wire sticking out of the chair. — see also barbed wire, barbwire, chicken wire, high wire, tripwire, underwire
2 [count] : a thread of metal that is covered with plastic, rubber, etc., and used to send or receive electricity or electrical signals
▪ A telephone wire had fallen on the road during the storm. ▪ A short black wire connects the computer's monitor to its keyboard. ▪ corroded wires — see also live wire
3 [singular] US : a small microphone that is worn under clothing in order to secretly record a conversation
▪ The undercover officer wore a wire to her meeting with the drug dealer.
[+ obj] 1 a : to provide (a building, room, etc.) with wires for a particular service or for electricity
▪ The house will be wired next week. ▪ My room is wired for cable.
b : to connect (a device) to another device by using wires
▪ The microphone is wired to the speaker. ▪ You can wire the generator to a car battery. — see also hot-wire
2 : to use wire to close or hold (something)
▪ Her jaw was wired shut after the accident.
3 a : to send (money) by using electronic methods
▪ She wired the money home to Canada. ▪ Can you wire me $300?
asil, soylu, ulu
[also more noble; most noble] 1 : having, showing, or coming from personal qualities that people admire (such as honesty, generosity, courage, etc.)
▪ He was a man of noble character. ▪ It was noble of her to come forward with this information. ▪ a noble ideal/ambition/cause/purpose
2 always used before a noun : of, relating to, or belonging to the highest social class : of, relating to, or belonging to the nobility
▪ She married a man of noble [=aristocratic] birth/rank. ▪ his noble ancestry ▪ the noble class
3 : impressive in size or appearance
▪ a noble cathedral
1 [count] : a long, narrow piece of something
▪ strips of bacon ▪ a small strip of cloth/paper
2 [count] : a long, narrow piece of land
▪ a strip of land ▪ strips of forest/coastline ▪ the half-mile strip of road — see also drag strip, median strip, rumble strip
3 [count] US : a road that has a lot of shops, restaurants, etc., along it
▪ driving along the strip ▪ the Las Vegas strip
1 a : to remove your clothing [no obj] ▪ I stripped for bed. ▪ He stripped to the waist. [=he took off all the clothes on his upper body] ▪ The prisoners were told to strip naked. [=remove all their clothes] — often + down ▪ He stripped down to his underwear. [=he took all his clothes off except for his underwear] [+ obj] ▪ He stripped himself down to his underwear.
b [+ obj] : to take the clothes off (someone)
▪ The prisoners were stripped naked.
c [no obj] : to remove your clothing in a sexually exciting way while someone is watching
▪ She gets paid to dance and strip at the club.
2 [+ obj] : to remove an outer covering or surface from something
▪ strip the bark from a tree = strip a tree of its bark ▪ We are going to strip [=remove] the old wallpaper. ▪ They stripped the table and refinished it. ▪ Please strip your bed [=remove all the sheets] so I can wash the sheets.
3 [+ obj] : to remove everything (such as furniture or equipment) from (a room, building, car, etc.)
▪ They stripped the room when they left. ▪ The building had been completely stripped of its original woodwork.
döndürmek, dönmek, fırlatmak, sallanmak, salına salına geçmek, bir durumdan başka bir duruma geçivermek, sarkıtmak, tempo, salıncak
1 : to move backward and forward or from side to side while hanging from something [no obj] ▪ The sheets swung on the clothesline. ▪ The clock's pendulum stopped swinging. [+ obj] ▪ She sat on the edge of the table, swinging her legs. ▪ She swung the bag by the handle. [=she held the handle of the bag and made the bag swing]
2 always followed by an adverb, adjective, or preposition : to move with a smooth, curving motion [no obj] ▪ The monkeys were swinging from branch to branch high up in the trees. ▪ The door swung open/shut. [+ obj] ▪ He swung himself (up) into the truck. ▪ I swung my suitcase into the backseat of the car. ▪ She sat on the counter and swung her legs over to the other side. ▪ She swung the door open.
3 : to move (your arm, a tool, etc.) with a quick, curving motion especially to try to hit something [+ obj] ▪ Be careful how you swing that ax. ▪ She swung the bat but missed the ball. ▪ She swung her purse at me. [no obj] ▪ She swung (at the ball) but missed. ▪ He swung at me [=tried to hit me with his fist] for no reason.
4 [no obj] : to move back and forth on a special type of seat (called a swing)
▪ a playground where kids go to swing
5 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to turn or move quickly in a particular direction [no obj] ▪ The road swings to the left sharply after a few miles. — often + around ▪ He swung around to look at the clock. [+ obj] ▪ She swung the car into the driveway. ▪ He swung the flashlight toward the noise.
6 a always followed by an adverb or preposition [no obj] : to change suddenly from one state or condition to another
▪ Sales swung up sharply at the end of the year. ▪ The game suddenly swung in favor of the home team. ▪ His mood can swing wildly from cheerful to angry. ▪ They have to be ready to swing into action [=to start doing something quickly] at a moment's notice.
1 [count] a : an act of moving something with a quick, sweeping motion : an act of swinging a bat, fist, etc.
▪ One swing of the hammer was all it took to drive the nail through the board. ▪ She needs to work on her (golf) swing. [=she needs to practice the way she swings a golf club] ▪ He took a swing at the pitch. [=he swung at the pitch; tried to hit the ball with his bat] ▪ Some drunk took a swing at me. [=tried to hit me]
b : the movement of something that swings backward and forward or from side to side
▪ the swing of a pendulum
2 [count] : a usually sudden change from one state or condition to another
▪ upward/downward swings in the stock market ▪ She couldn't deal with his unpredictable mood swings. [=changes in his mood]
3 [count] : a seat that hangs from ropes or chains and that moves back and forth
▪ The kids were playing on the swings. ▪ We sat on the porch swing and watched the neighbors.
beden, et, vücut, etli, etli kısım
[noncount] 1 : the soft parts of the body of an animal or person
▪ the flabby white flesh of his belly
2 : the skin of a person
▪ a disease that causes sores on the flesh ▪ sun-tanned flesh ▪ flesh-colored [=having the color of a white person's skin] ▪ The memory of all that blood was enough to make my flesh crawl/creep. [=to make me feel disgusted, afraid, etc.]
3 : parts of an animal used as food : meat
▪ cooked rabbit flesh ▪ flesh-eating mammals
4 : the soft part of a fruit that is eaten
▪ the soft, sweet flesh of a peach
5 : the physical nature of a person rather than the mind or spirit
▪ pleasures of the flesh [=physical pleasures, such as eating, drinking, and having sex] ▪ sins of the flesh ▪ "The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." — Matthew 26:41 (KJV)
dizi, sicim, ip, kiriş
1 : a long, thin piece of twisted thread that you use to attach things, tie things together, or hang things [count] ▪ She tied a string around the boxes. [noncount] ▪ a piece/loop/ball of string ▪ He tied the packages together with string. — see also apron string, drawstring, g-string, shoestring
2 [count] : a group of objects that are connected with a string, wire, chain, etc. — + of ▪ She was wearing a string of pearls. ▪ We used four strings of Christmas lights to decorate the tree.
3 [count] a : a series of similar things — + of ▪ He owns a string of movie theaters. ▪ a long/whole string of names/numbers
b : a series of events which follow each other in time — + of ▪ a string of robberies ▪ The band had a string of hits in the 1990s.
c technical : a group of letters, words, or numbers which is treated as a single unit in a computer program
▪ a character string
4 [count] : a long, thin piece of tightly stretched wire or other material (such as nylon) that is used to produce sounds in a musical instrument (such as a violin or piano)
▪ guitar/piano strings
yıkıntı, harabe, mahvetmek, yok etmek, yok olma
[count] 1 a : a vehicle, airplane, etc., that has been badly damaged or destroyed
▪ Firefighters pulled him from the (car) wreck.
b : a ruined or destroyed ship : shipwreck
▪ a sunken wreck
2 US : an accident in which a car, airplane, train, etc., is badly damaged or destroyed
▪ This car has never been in a wreck. ▪ a car/train/plane wreck
3 informal : a person who is very tired, ill, worried, or unhappy
▪ The stress of her final exams made her a wreck. ▪ Dad was a nervous wreck on the day I had my surgery.
4 informal : something that is not in good condition
▪ Who would buy this wreck of a car? ▪ The house is a wreck.
[+ obj] 1 : to damage (something) so badly that it cannot be repaired
▪ I wrecked my mother's car. ▪ Many houses were wrecked by the hurricane. ▪ a wrecked car
2 : to ruin or destroy (something)
▪ The affair wrecked his marriage. ▪ Even though the rumor was false, it wrecked [=ruined] her career. ▪ Bad weather wrecked our vacation.
3 : to destroy (a ship) by crashing it into something — usually used as (be) wrecked ▪ The ship was wrecked off the coast of Ireland.
inlemek, inilti, sızlanma
1 [no obj] : to make a long, low sound because of pain, unhappiness, or physical pleasure
▪ The wounded soldier moaned in/with pain. ▪ The crowd moaned [=groaned] as the other team scored another goal. ▪ He moaned with pleasure as she rubbed his back.
2 a [no obj] : to express unhappiness about something : complain
▪ We were all moaning about the cold, rainy weather. ▪ He's always moaning about his salary. ▪ The children were moaning and groaning all morning, but their mother would not let them go outside. ▪ I'm tired of all his moaning and groaning about his salary.
b [+ obj] : to say (something) in a way that shows pain or unhappiness
▪ "But I don't want to go," moaned the boy. ▪ "Oh, my stomach hurts," she moaned. = She moaned that her stomach hurt.
3 [no obj] : to make a long, low sound
▪ The wind moaned in the trees.
— moan·er /ˈmoʊnɚ/ noun, plural moan·ers [count]
▪ He dismisses his critics as a bunch of moaners. [=people who are always unhappy or complaining about something]
çukur, kuyu, hendek, aşındırmak, çukur yapmak, ciltte iz bırakmak,
1 [count] : a hole in the ground usually made by digging
▪ The explorers discovered a burial pit containing human bones. ▪ The impact of the meteor created a huge pit. [=crater] ▪ The hikers dug a pit for the fire.
2 [count] a : a large, deep hole in the ground from which stones or minerals are dug out
▪ a gravel/chalk/tar pit — see also sandpit
b chiefly Brit : a coal mine
3 [count] : something that uses up or holds a very large amount of money, food, information, etc.
▪ My house is such a money pit—I'm always paying for repairs on it! ▪ My brother's stomach is a bottomless pit. [=my brother eats constantly] ▪ The Internet is a bottomless pit of information. [=the Internet contains a great amount of information]
1 [+ obj] : to make small holes or dents in (something)
▪ A hailstorm badly pitted the car's roof. — see also pitted 2
2 [no obj] car racing : to make a pit stop
▪ The driver was forced to pit because of engine problems.
ansızın , ateş etmek, birden, hoplamak, patlamak
1 a : to suddenly break open or come away from something often with a short, loud noise [no obj] ▪ The balloon popped. [=burst] ▪ We heard the sound of corks popping as the celebration began. ▪ One of the buttons popped off my sweater. [+ obj] ▪ Don't pop that balloon! ▪ She popped the cork on the champagne. [=she opened the bottle of champagne by removing the cork]
b [no obj] : to make a short, loud noise
▪ Guns were popping in the distance.
2 : to cook (popcorn) [+ obj] ▪ We popped some popcorn in the microwave. [no obj] ▪ The popcorn is done popping.
3 [no obj] informal a : to come from, into, or out of a place suddenly or briefly
▪ I didn't mean to say that—it just popped out. ▪ Her shoulder popped out of its socket. ▪ He opened the box, and out popped a mouse. ▪ A funny thought just popped into my head. [=I just thought of something funny] ▪ The cathedral suddenly popped into view. [=I could suddenly see the cathedral] ▪ Her father pops in and out of her life. [=her father is sometimes involved in her life and sometimes not]
b always followed by an adverb or preposition : to go to or from a place quickly, suddenly, or briefly
▪ If you are busy, I can pop back in later. ▪ She popped over for a cup of tea. = (Brit) She popped round for a cup of tea. ▪ My neighbor popped in for a visit. ▪ I need to pop into the drugstore for some film. ▪ She popped out for a minute. She should be back soon. ▪ I'll pop down to the post office during my break.
4 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] informal : to put (something) in, into, or onto a place suddenly or briefly
▪ She popped a CD in the player. ▪ He popped a quarter in the jukebox. ▪ I popped a grape into my mouth. ▪ He popped [=stuck] his head out the window.
kıvılcım saçmak, ateşlemek, havalı, kıvılcım, züppe
1 [count] a : a small piece of burning material that comes from a fire or is produced by rubbing or hitting two hard objects together
▪ A spark from the fireplace set the rug on fire. ▪ The car's tailpipe made sparks as it scraped the road.
b : a short, bright flash of electricity between two points
▪ A spark ignites the stove's burner.
2 [noncount] : a quality that makes someone or something enjoyable, interesting, successful, etc.
▪ In its fourth year, the TV series has lost its spark. ▪ She's a talented gymnast but she doesn't have the spark of some of her competitors.
3 [count] : a small amount of something
▪ A spark of hope remains. ▪ Sometimes there were surprising sparks of humor in his letters. ▪ occasional sparks of insight
4 [count] : an action, occurrence, etc., that causes something larger to happen
▪ His death was the spark that ignited the revolution. ▪ Her suggestion was the spark for the entire renovation project.
1 [+ obj] : to cause (something) to start or happen
▪ The question sparked a debate. ▪ Her fifth-grade teacher sparked her interest in history. — sometimes + off ▪ The arrests sparked off [=touched off] a riot. ▪ His hit sparked off [=started] a rally that brought in four runs.
2 [no obj] : to produce sparks
▪ The fire sparked and crackled. ▪ The wires made contact and sparked.
3 [+ obj] : to add interest, liveliness, or flavor to (something)
▪ prose sparked with humor — often + up ▪ spark up an otherwise bland sauce
uymak, takım elbise, uygun olmak, yakışmak, uygun düşmek
1 [count] : a set of clothes that usually consists of a jacket and a skirt or pair of pants that are made out of the same material
▪ a tweed/wool suit ▪ He wore his gray suit to the job interview. — see color picture; see also business suit, leisure suit, lounge suit, pantsuit, sailor suit, shell suit, three-piece suit, trouser suit, two-piece suit, zoot suit
2 [count] : a set of clothes or protective covering that is worn for a special purpose or under particular conditions
▪ a gym suit ▪ a suit of armor — see also bathing suit, bodysuit, catsuit, jumpsuit, snowsuit, space suit, sweat suit, swimsuit, union suit, wet suit
3 : a process by which a court of law makes a decision to settle a disagreement or problem between people or organizations : lawsuit [count] ▪ a civil/criminal suit ▪ divorce/custody/paternity suits ▪ He filed/brought a suit [=started legal proceedings] against her. [noncount] ▪ He filed/brought suit [=started legal proceedings] against her.
[+ obj] 1 a : to provide what is required or wanted by or for (someone or something)
▪ This program should suit [=satisfy] your needs. ▪ The restaurant offers meals to suit [=please] all tastes. ▪ I can schedule the meeting for tomorrow. Does that suit you? [=is that convenient for you?] ▪ That suits me fine. ▪ He only helps out when it suits him. [=when he wants to; when it is convenient for him to help out]
b : to be proper or suitable for (someone or something)
▪ This kind of behavior hardly suits a person of your age. ▪ She gave a serious speech that suited the occasion. ▪ The formal furniture really suited the style of the house. ▪ The job suits her very well. ▪ (Brit) This kind of work suits me down to the ground. [=suits me perfectly; I like/enjoy this kind of work very much]
2 : to be attractive on (someone) — not used in passive constructions ▪ Your new hairstyle suits [=becomes] you. ▪ That dress doesn't really suit her.
ceza vermek, hüküm giydirmek, hüküm, yargı, hapis
1 [count] : a group of words that expresses a statement, question, command, or wish ◊Sentences usually contain a subject and verb. In written English, the first word of a sentence is capitalized and the sentence ends with a period, question mark, or exclamation point.
▪ write/construct/analyze a sentence ▪ complete/incomplete sentences
2 law : the punishment given by a court of law [count] ▪ a harsh/lenient sentence ▪ a prison/jail sentence ▪ He is serving a 10-year sentence for armed robbery. [noncount] ▪ The judge passed/pronounced sentence on him. [=announced what his punishment would be]
ani şey, anlık, beklenmedik, çarpma sesi,kapmak, parmak şıklatma, çıt sesi
1 : to break quickly with a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ The branch snapped and fell to the ground. ▪ The cable suddenly snapped. ▪ The earpiece of his glasses snapped off. [+ obj] ▪ She snapped the twig in two. ▪ The boy snapped the wing off his toy airplane.
2 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to move into a specified position with a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ The trap snapped shut. ▪ The bent tree snapped back into an upright position. ▪ The pieces snap [=click] easily into place. [+ obj] ▪ I snapped the lid shut. ▪ She snapped the pieces together.
3 always followed by an adverb or preposition [+ obj] : to close (something) with a fastener and especially with a snap
▪ She snapped her handbag shut. ▪ He snapped (up) his jacket.
4 [+ obj] : to turn (something) on or off with a switch
▪ snap on/off the lights
5 : to make a short, sharp sound or to cause (something) to make a short, sharp sound [no obj] ▪ A fire snapped [=crackled] in the wood stove. [+ obj] ▪ The driver snapped [=cracked] the whip to get the horses moving. ▪ a bored student snapping her chewing gum
6 : to use your thumb and fingers to make a short, sharp sound [+ obj] ▪ People snapped their fingers to the beat. ▪ He snapped his fingers to get the waiter's attention. [no obj] ▪ People in the audience snapped to the beat.
7 [+ obj] informal : to take (a photograph)
▪ tourists snapping pictures ▪ The images were snapped by a satellite camera. : to photograph (someone or something) ▪ A photographer snapped the famous couple leaving a London club last week.
1 [count] : a sudden, short, sharp sound caused by something breaking or moving into a new position — usually singular ▪ We could hear the snap of twigs beneath our feet. ▪ the snap of the alligator's jaws
2 [count] : the act of snapping your fingers or the sound made when you snap your fingers
▪ I've trained the dog to come to me with a snap of my fingers.
3 [count] US : a device that fastens something by closing or locking with a short, sharp sound
▪ The snap of the bracelet broke. ; especially : a set of two metal or plastic pieces that fit tightly together when you press them
konu, bahis, nesne, hedef
[count] 1 : the person or thing that is being discussed or described : topic
▪ The new museum is the subject of an article in today's paper. ▪ Death is a difficult subject that few people like to talk about. ▪ I need to break the news to her, but I'm not sure how to bring up the subject. ▪ If you're interested in linguistics, I know an excellent book on the/that subject. ▪ an excellent book on the subject of linguistics ▪ While we're on the subject of [=talking about] work, have you met the new boss? ▪ Every time I talk to her, we seem to get on/onto the subject of work. [=we start talking about work] ▪ These meetings would be much shorter if we could keep him from getting off the subject. ▪ I didn't want to talk about work, so I changed the subject. [=started a new topic of conversation] ▪ When he started getting upset, I dropped the subject. [=stopped talking about that topic] ▪ The morality of capital punishment is a frequent subject of/for debate.
2 : an area of knowledge that is studied in school
▪ Chemistry was my favorite subject in high school. ▪ The classes cover a variety of subject areas, including mathematics and English.
3 : a person or thing that is being dealt with in a particular way — + of ▪ He was the subject of a criminal investigation. [=he was investigated to find out if he had committed a crime] ▪ She was the subject of a lawsuit.
4 : someone or something that is shown in a photograph, painting, etc.
▪ Love between a mother and child is the subject of many of her paintings. ▪ The photographer's principal subjects were poor immigrant workers. ▪ What kind of exposure should I use for a dark subject on a light background?
5 : a person or animal that is used in an experiment, study, etc.
▪ Each subject was asked to fill out a questionnaire. ▪ The hospital is recruiting test subjects for the study.
esmek, yumruk, patlamak, üflemek
1 a [no obj] of air, wind, etc. : to move with speed or force
▪ The wind was blowing earlier but it's not blowing now. [=there was wind earlier but there isn't any wind now] ▪ The wind is blowing hard. = It's blowing hard outside. ▪ The storm is blowing hard/fiercely. = It's blowing up a storm. ▪ A cool breeze blew through the open window. ▪ The wind was blowing from the north.
b [+ obj] : to cause (air or something carried by air) to move
▪ The fan blew the air. ▪ The fan blew the smoke out the window.
c : to be moved or affected in a specified way by the wind [no obj] ▪ The door blew open/shut in the wind. ▪ The papers blew all over the place! ▪ The sign blew down/over. ▪ The leaves were blowing around in the wind. ▪ His hat blew off/away in the wind. [+ obj] ▪ The breeze blew my wet hair dry. ▪ The wind blew the door open/shut. ▪ The wind blew the sign down/over. ▪ The wind blew the ship off course. ▪ A gust of wind blew the papers all over the room. ▪ The wind blew his hat off/away.
2 a : to create a current of moving air by breathing [no obj] ▪ She blew on her fingers to warm them. ▪ He was blowing on his soup to cool it off. [+ obj] ▪ She blew air into the balloon.
b [+ obj] : to produce or shape (something, such as a bubble) by blowing air
▪ The clown was blowing bubbles for the children. ▪ blow beautiful shapes out of glass = blow glass into beautiful shapes — see also glassblowing
3 a [no obj] of a musical instrument, whistle, etc. : to produce a loud sound
▪ The trumpet/whistle blew loudly. ▪ The siren blew. [=sounded]
b [+ obj] : to play or produce a sound with (a musical instrument, whistle, etc.)
▪ blow a trumpet ▪ blow a whistle ▪ blow a siren
4 : to damage or destroy (something) with an explosion [+ obj] ▪ The terrorists rigged a bomb to blow [=(more commonly) blow up] the bridge. ▪ The explosion blew his leg off. = The explosion blew off his leg. ▪ The explosion blew out the window. ▪ The burglar blew the safe open with dynamite. ▪ The bomb blew the bridge to bits/smithereens. [=the bomb completely destroyed the bridge] [no obj] ▪ They ran away when they realized that the bridge was about to blow. [=(more commonly) blow up, explode] ▪ The window blew out in the explosion. ▪ The safe blew open when the burglar dynamited it. — sometimes used figuratively ▪ The election has been blown wide open by the revelation that one of the candidates was lying. ▪ The prosecution's case was blown apart by new evidence. — see also blow up (below)
5 : to cause (a tire) to suddenly lose air and become flat [+ obj] ▪ He drove over a nail and blew a tire. — often + out ▪ The car blew out a tire. [no obj] ▪ The car crashed because one of its tires had blown. — often + out ▪ One of the car's tires blew out.
dayanmak, yaslanmak, meyil
1 a [no obj] : to bend or move from a straight position
▪ The tree leans to one side. ▪ He leaned back in his chair. ▪ They leaned over the table to smell the flowers.
b [+ obj] : to cause (something) to bend or move from a straight position
▪ They leaned their heads back. ▪ He leaned his chair back.
2 a [no obj] : to rest on or against something or someone for support
▪ You can lean on me if you get tired. ▪ She stood leaning on her right leg. ▪ The ladder was leaning against the house.
b [+ obj] : to cause (something) to rest on or against something
▪ He leaned the ladder against the house. ▪ The boy leaned his head on his mother's shoulder.
3 a — used to describe what someone wants to do, tends to do, or is likely to do ▪ She hasn't made a decision yet, and I don't know which way she's leaning. — often + toward ▪ She's leaning toward a career in medicine. [=she is probably going to choose a career in medicine] ▪ The mayor is leaning toward closing down the school.
b — used to say that someone supports one group or set of beliefs more than another — often + toward ▪ an independent presidential candidate who leans toward the Democrats and their views
c — used to say that something is more like one thing than another — often + toward ▪ Her new album leans more toward rock than country.
[also more lean; most lean] 1 : not having much fat on the body : physically thin, strong, and healthy
▪ She has a lean, athletic body. ▪ a lean racehorse
2 : containing little or no fat
▪ lean meat ▪ (US) lean ground beef
3 : not having or producing much money, food, etc.
▪ Those were lean years for the company. [=the company did not make much money in those years] ▪ a lean budget/profit/harvest
4 usually approving : not using a lot of something (such as words or money)
▪ He had a lean style of writing. [=his writing style did not use too many words] : not wasteful ▪ She ran a lean and efficient company. ▪ We wanted our business to be lean and mean.
çiziktirmek, karalamak, müsvedde, kötü el yazısı
1 : to write (something) quickly and in a way that makes it difficult to read [+ obj] ▪ She scribbled a note to him and then dashed off to her meeting. ▪ He scribbled down his phone number. [no obj] ▪ Students scribbled furiously as the professor lectured. ▪ She was scribbling away in a notebook.
2 [no obj] : to draw lines, shapes, etc., that have no particular meaning in a quick and careless way
▪ The toddler scribbled all over the paper.
— scribbling noun, plural scribblings [count]
▪ I couldn't read the doctor's illegible scribblings.
1 [noncount] : writing that is difficult to read because it has been done quickly or carelessly
▪ She could barely make out the doctor's scribble.
2 scribbles [plural] : lines, shapes, etc., that have no particular meaning and are drawn in a quick and careless way
▪ The chalkboard was adorned with the children's scribbles.
çağırmak, davet etmek, toplamak, mahkemeye toplamak
[+ obj] formal 1 a : to order (someone) to come to a place
▪ The queen summoned him back to the palace.
b : to order (someone) to appear in a court of law — often used as (be) summoned ▪ She was summoned to (appear in) court. ▪ She was summoned (to appear) before a judge.
2 : to ask for (someone or something) to come : to send or call for (someone or something)
▪ She summoned a doctor. ▪ The boy summoned help.
3 : to get (the courage, energy, strength, etc., that you need to do something) by making a special effort
▪ She couldn't summon [=muster] the strength/energy to finish the race. — often + up ▪ He finally summoned up the courage to ask her out on a date.
4 : to ask or order a group of people to come together for (a meeting)
▪ The president summoned [=convened] a meeting/conference.
summon up (something) : to bring (a memory, feeling, image, etc.) into the mind
▪ Visiting his old house summoned up memories of his childhood. — see also summon 3 (above)
bozmak, çabalamak, yumurta çırpmak, güçlükle ilerlemek, karışıklık, karıştırma, yağda pişirmek, tırmanma
1 [no obj] a always followed by an adverb or preposition : to move or climb over something quickly especially while also using your hands
▪ We scrambled over the boulders and kept climbing up the mountain. ▪ He scrambled up the ramp.
b : to move or act quickly to do, find, or get something often before someone else does
▪ reporters scrambling to finish stories by deadline ▪ Both players scrambled for the ball. ▪ News of the factory closing found workers scrambling to find jobs. ▪ It started to rain, and we all scrambled for cover.
2 [+ obj] : to prepare (eggs) by mixing the white and yellow parts together and then stirring the mixture in a hot pan
▪ I'll scramble some eggs for breakfast.
3 [+ obj] : to put (parts of something) in the wrong order — often used as (be) scrambled ▪ The letters of the words are scrambled. [=mixed up]
4 [+ obj] : to change (a radio or electronic signal) so that whoever receives it will not be able to understand it
▪ We will have to scramble our radio communications. ▪ The cable company scrambles the channels that you do not pay for.
— scrambled adjective
▪ scrambled eggs and toast ▪ a scrambled signal
: an act of scrambling: such as a [singular] : the act of moving or climbing over something quickly especially while also using your hands
▪ a quick scramble over boulders
b [singular] : the act of moving or acting quickly to do, find, or get something
▪ the scramble for power in the country ▪ a scramble for the ball ▪ There was a mad scramble to fill vacant positions at the school.