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17 terms

Chapter 14 Chem Vocab

chem vocab (as the title says)
STUDY
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solution
a homogeneous mixture
solvent
the dissolving medium in a solution
solute
a substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution
aqueous solution
a soultion in which water is the dissolving medium or solvent
saturated
a solution in which more soulute as can be dissolved in that solution
unsaturated
a solution in which more solute can be dissolved that is dissolved already
concentrated
a relatively large amount of solute
dilute
solution where a relatively small amount of solute is dissolved
mass percent
the percent by mass of a component of a mixture or of a given element in a compound
molarity
moles of a solute per volume of solution in liters
standard solution
a solution the concentration in which is accurately known
dilution
the process of adding solvent to lower the comcentration of solute in a solution
neutralization reaction
an acid-base reaction
equivilent of an acid
amount of acid that can furnish 1 mol of H+ ions
equivilent of a base
the amount of that base that can furnish 1 mol of OH- ions
equivilent weight
the mass in grams of 1 equivilent of that acid or base
normality
the number of equivilents of a substance dissolved in a liter of solution