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21 terms

History Alive Ancient World chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
Social Structure
the way a civilization is organized
Technology
the use of tools and other inventions for practical purposes
Plow
a tool for tilling (turning) the soil to prepare for planting
Status
importance
Chariots
a two-wheeled vehicle pulled by a horse
Scribes
a person who writes
Ziggurats
an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower
Sledges
flat-bottomed carts
Arch
an upside-down U or V shaped structure that supports weight above it, as in a doorway
Cuneiform
writing that uses wedge-shaped characters
Stylus
a sharp pointed tool for writing
Pictographs
a symbol that stands for an object
civilization
A group of people or culture that has the following characteristics: life in cities, a stable food supply, a hierarchical social structure, a system of government, a reglious system, a higly developed culture including art, music, literature, architecture, advances in technology, a written language
moat
an artificial waterway that rings a city or building to keep out intruders
bronze
an alloy (mixture) of copper and tin that can be poured into molds to be formed into metal objects like bowls or statues
plow
a tool used to till (turn) the soil to make it ready for planting
irrigation
a system of providing water to crops
lyre
a stringed musical instrument similar to a harp
priest
a leader of the religious system
deity
a god or supernatural being that people respect and/or worship
lapis lazuli
a semi-precious blue stone used for decoration