37 terms

AP Biology Chapter 10

Chapter 10 quiz questions
If photosynthesizing green algae are providd with CO2 synthesized with heavy oxygen (18O), later analysis will show that all but one of the following compounds produced by the algae contain the 18O label. That one is
Which of the following are products of the light reactions of phorosynthesis that are utilized in the Calvin cycle?
stroma of the chloroplast
Where does the Calvin cycle take place?
In any ecosystem, terrestrial or aquatic, what group(s) is (are) always necessary?
along the inner surface of the plasma membrane
In autotrophic bacteria, where are the enzymes located that can carry on organic synthesis?
splitting the water molecules
When oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis, it is a by-product of which of the following?
lowest wavelength
What wavelength of light in the figure is MOST effective in driving photosynthesis
harvest photons and transfer light energy to the reaction-center chlorophyll
In the thylakoid membranes, what is the main role of the antenna pigment molecules?
this pigment is best at absorbing light with a wavelength of 700 nm
The reaction-center chlorophyll of photosynthesis 1 is known as P700 because
The electron vacencies in P680 are filled by electrons derived from water
Which statement describes the functioning of photosystem II?
to test for liberation of O2 in the light
Some photosynthetic organisms contain chloroplasts that lack photosystem II, yet are able to survive. The best way to detect the lack of photosystem II in these organisms would be
What are the products of linear photophosphorylation?
cyclic electron flow
As a research scientist, you measure the amount of ATP and NADPH consumed by the Calvin cycle in 1 hour. You find 30,000 molecules of ATP consumed, but only 20,000 molecules of NADPH. Where did the extra ATP come from?
The synthesis of ATP
Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the thylakoid is no longer separated from the stroma. This damage will have the most direct effect on which of the following processes?
establishment of a proton gradient
What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve?
The isolated chloroplasts would make ATP
Suppose the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to pH-8 solution. What would be likely to happen?
Thylakoid membrane and inner mitochondrial membrane
In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located?
the stroma to the thylakoid space
In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from
both photosynthesis and respiration
Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during
They are inversely related
What is the relatinship between wavelength of light and the quantity of energy per photo?
The molecular environment lets it boost an electron to a higher energy level and also to transfer the electron to another molecule
In a protein complex for the light reaction (a reaction center), energy is transferred from pigment molecule to pigment molecule, to a special chlorophyll a molecule, and eventually to the primary electron acceptor. Why does this occur?
The light reactions provide ATP and NADPH to the Calvin cycle, and the cycle returns ADP, Pi, and NADP+ to the light reactions
Which of the following statements best represents the relationships between the light reactions and the Calvin cycle?
synthesize simple sugars from carbon dioxide
What is the primary function of the Calvin cycle?
light reactions alone
Produces molecular oxygen (O2)
the Calvin cycle alone
Requires ATP
neither the light reactions and the Calvin cycle
Produces NADH
light reactions alone
Produces NADPH
the Calvin cycle alone
Produces three-carbon sugars
the Calvin cycle alone
Requires CO2
Neither the light reactions nor the Calvin cycle
Requires glucose
regeneration of RuBP
In the process of carbon fixation, RuBP attaches a CO2 to produce a 6 carbon molecule, which is then split in two. After phosphorylation and reduction, what more needs to happen in the Calvin cycle?
The pH within the thylakoid is less than that of the stroma
The pH of the inner thylakoid space has been measured, as have the pH of the stroma and the cytosol of a particular plant cell. Which, if any, relationship would you expect to find?
C4 plant
In an experiment studying photosynthesis performed during the day, you provide a plant with radioactive carbon (14C) dioxide as a metabolic tracer. The 14C is incorporated first into oxaloacetate. The plant is best characterized as a
fix CO2 into organic acids during the night
CAM plants keep stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water. They can do this because they
3-phosphoglycerate molecules
Photorespiration lowers the efficiency of photosynthesis by preventing the formation of
H2O->NADPH->Calvin cycle
Which of the following sequences correctly represents the flow of electrons during photosynthesis?
release of oxygen
Which of the following does NOT occur during the Calvin cycle?