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Chemistry Chapter 22
Terms in this set (33)
An organic compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an aliphatic carbon atom.
An organic compound that contains a halogen atom bonded to a benzene ring or another aromatic group.
An atom or group of atoms that always reacts in a certain way in an organic molecule.
Any organic compound containing a halogen substituent.
A process by which hydrogen atoms are replaced by halogen atoms.
A polymer that can be heated and molded while relatively soft.
A reaction of organic compounds in which one atom or group of atoms in a molecule is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.
An organic compound in which a hydroxyl group replaces a hydrogen atom of a hydrocarbon.
Organic compounds that contain nitrogen atoms bonded to carbon atoms in aliphatic chains or aromatic rings and have the general formula RNH2.
Ethanol to which noxious substances have been added in order to make it unfit to drink.
An organic compound that contains an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
An oxygen-hydrogen group covalently bonded to a carbon atoms.
An organic compound containing the structure in which a carbonyl group at the end of a carbon chain is bonded to a carbon atom on one side and a hydrogen atom on the other side.
An organic compound in which the -H group of a carboxylic acid is replaced by a nitrogen atom bonded to other atoms.
Arrangement in which an oxygen atom is double-bonded to a carbon atom.
Consists of a carbonyl group bonded to a hydroxyl group.
An organic compound that contains a carboxyl group and is polar and reactive.
Occurs when two smaller organic molecules combine to form a more complex molecule, accompanies by the loss of a small molecule such as water.
An organic compound with a carboxyl group in which the hydrogen of the hydroxyl group is replaced by an alkyl group; may be volatile and sweet-smelling and is polar.
An organic compound in which the carbon of the carbonyl group is bonded to two other carbon atoms.
A reaction that occurs when other atoms bond to each of two atoms bonded by double or triple covalent bonds.
An elimination reaction in which the atoms removed form water.
A reaction that eliminates two hydrogen atoms, which forma hydrogen molecule of gas.
A reaction of organic compounds that occurs when a combination of atoms is removed from two adjacent carbon atoms forming an additional bond between the atoms.
An addition reaction in which hydrogen is added to atoms in a double or triple bond; usually requires a catalyst.
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom and a hydroxyl group from a water molecule add to a double or triple bond.
Occurs when all the atoms present in the monomers are retained in the polymer product.
Occurs when monomers containing at least two functional groups combine with the loss of a small by-product, usually water.
A molecule from which a polymer is made.
Large molecules formed by combining many repeating structural units (monomers); are synthesized through addition or condensation reactions.
A reaction in which monomer units are bonded together to form a polymer.
A type of polymer that can be melted and molded repeatedly in to shapes that are retained when it is cooled.
A type of polymer that can be molded when it is first prepared but when cool cannot be remelted.
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