Latin American Class System/ Revolutions
the Latin American Revolution - Revolutions continued into the 1800's as the Ideas of the Enlightenment and influences of the American and French revolutions found its way into the Americas.
Terms in this set (26)
Class Sytem in Spanish America
Indians and slaves had the least power.
Peninsulares (Spaniards) held all of the power and gave very little to the Creoles.
a large farm
a ruler of a colony or territory
military dictator in Latin American countries
a large ranch or plantation in Latin America, they were usually owned by Creoles
a person who frees a country from an enemy
a Spanish word for father; a traditional form of address for a Roman Catholic priest
Part of the Western Hemisphere south of the United States: Mexico, Central America, the West Indies (Caribbean), and South America.
Spanish-born people (born in Spain), who came to Latin America to live and rule. They were the highest social class.
People who had Spanish or Portuguese parents but were born in Latin America (White). They owned most of the land, but were treated like second class citizens and were denied political rights .
Mixed ancestry of american Indian and European who speak Spanish, denied basic political, economics and social rights due to their mixed heritage.
Persons of mixed European and African ancestry. Denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage
Lowest social class, they had no rights. And were often treated poorly and used as a labor source by the plantaions owning creoles.
A continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama. 13 countries. South of North America.
Jose de San Martin
South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru. Worked with Bolivar for independence in South America.
Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla
a former priest this person lead revolts in Mexico with speeches and inspiration, even at his old age he fought in battle he led an undisciplined army, but finally helped win the war. He was sentenced to death and someone else took his place
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule. Known as the "liberator".Failed his dreams to unite all of South America and died with a broken heart, The most important military leader in the struggle for independence in South America. Born in Venezuela, he led military forces there and in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
A French colony on Hispainola which had a slave revolution (1794) to gain independence. The revolution was led by Toussaint L'Ouverture.
The battle of St. Domingue
In Haiti, slaves rose up to fight against the French, they won, and no one expected it
A former slave in Saint-Domingue who started a revolution to overthrow the French colonial rule. The former slaves fought for 10 years for independence.Led a slave rebellion which took control of Haiti, Leader of the Haitian Revolution.
Haiti half of the island of Hispaniola where the Toussaint L'Overture revolt occurred. After the revolution, this area was named Haiti.
The Caribbean island which is now the present day countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Father of Mexican Independence. 1810, Padre Miguel Hidalgo, was a priest in the small village of Dolores. He took the first step toward independence for Mexico. He was poor, but well educated. He called for rebellion against the Spanish known as the Grito de Dolores. He was executed by Spanish soldiers.
A group of seven countries located south of Mexico and north of South America
A term referring to the all of the leaders of the Latin American independence movement.
An attempt to overthrow the existing political structure and put another type of political structure in its place.
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