Removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis
A piece but not all of the tumor or lesion removed
The entire tumor or lesion plus a margin of surrounding tissue are removed
A needle is used to remove a core of tissue for examination
Biopsy form in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a microscope
Any of several common skin conditions in which there is an overproduction of sebum
Chronic inflammatory disease characterized by a pusular eruptions of the skin that usually occur in or near the sebaceous glands
Blackhead; formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a pore of the skin
Cyst of a sebaceous gland, containing yellow, fatty material
Condition of excessive sweating
Condition of lacking or being without sweat
A hair containing cyst found in the midlinen over the area of the sacrum
Means abnormal hairiness
Aka baldness, partial or complete lack of hair
Disease of unknown cause in which there are well-defined bald patches
Uncommon condition characterized by the loss of all the hair on the scalp
Total hair loss on all parts of the body
Aka onychitis. Inflammation of the matrix of the nail
Infection of the fold of skin at the margin of a nail
Nail-biting or eating
Fungus infection of the nail
Collection of blood under a nail, usually resulting from and injury
Aka spoon nail, a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave(scooped out). Indicative of iron deficiency anemia
Abnormal flattening of the nail that is often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips. Associated with chronic lack of oxygen caused by coronary or pulmonary disease.
Any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair
Any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in different parts of the body
Inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes due to an abnormality in production of melanin
A loss of pigment in areas of the skin, resulting in milk-white patches
Pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury. described by appearance, location.
Injury that does not break the skin and is characterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain.
Small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter; for example, nonpustular acne
Solid raised lesion that is greater than 0.5 cm in diameter
Discolored, flat skin lesion such as a freckle or flat mole that is less than 1cm in diameter
Localized change in skin color of greater than 1 cm in diameter
Flaking or a dry patch made up of an excess dead epidermal cells
Collection of dried serum and cellular debris
Smooth, slightly elevated, swollen area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin that is usually accompanied by itching, for example, and insect bite or a reaction to an allergy skin test
Bruise; purplish patch caused by bleeding into the skin.
Small, pinpoint hemorrhage
Warts, skin lesions caused by the HIV
Aka patch/nevus. Congenital hemangioma or pigmented cells on the skin surface.
Closed sack or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material.
Small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus. Circumscribed- contained within limited area
Aka blister. Circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than .5 cm in diameter.
Large vescle or blister that is more than .5 cm in diameter.
Localized collection of pus within a circumscribed area and associated with tissue destruction
Torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
Open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss and usually with inflammation
Aka pressure ulcer or bedsore. And ulcerated area resulting from prolonged pressure on a body part.
Groove or cracklike sore
Abnormal passage from and internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs
General term used to denote any skin lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type that is not associated with inflammation.
Any benign skin condition, such as a wart or callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis.
Inflammation of the skin
Localized allergic response caused by contact with an irritant or allergen.
Aka itching. Associated with most forms of dermatitis
Aka hives. skin condition characterized by localized areas of swelling accompanied by itching that is associated with an allergic reaction.
Abnormal redness of skin occurring over widespread areas of the body
Redness or inflammation of the skin sch as a nervous blush or a mild sunburn
Excessively dry skin
Chronic autoimmune disorder of the skin characterized by itching and by red papules covered with silvery scales that occur predominantly on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk
Inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, and scabs alone or in combination.
Any condition characterized by hemorrhage into the skin that causes spontaneous bruising
Injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away.
Diffuse infection of connective tissue with severe inflammation of the dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.
Purulent (producing pus or containing pus) skin disease.
Contagious superficial pyoderma caused by staphylococci and streptococci
Aka boil. Localized skin infection originating in a gland or hair folliclel
Infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue composed of a cluster of furuncles
Superficial fungal infection of the skin.
Necrosis that is usually associated with a loss of circulation. Tissue death is followed by bacterial invasion and putrefaction.
Decay that produces foul-smelling odors
Means "hard skin". Autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal tissue thickening usually starting on the fingers, hands or face.
Skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite
An infestation with lice. Named for body part.
Precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun. raised rough, dry, or scaly spots that are tan, brown, gray, or red.
Aka skin cancer. Malignant neoplasm derived from cells capable of forming melanin. May occur in skin of any body part and may metastasize to the lungs, liver, and brain.
Basal cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. Found on face. Most frequent and least harmful skin cancer. Slow growing and rarely spreads. Lesions are smooth with depression in center, pink in color, and bleed easily.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Begins as malignant tumors of the squamous cells of the epithelium. It can quickly spread to other obdy parts. Start as skin lesions that appear to be sores that won't heal or with a crusted, heaped-up look
General term used to describe a small knotlike swellings of granulation tissue. May result from inflammation, injury, or infection.
Normally forms during healing of wound.
Small rounded mass of highly vascular granulation tissue frequently with an ulcerated surface, projecting from the skin or mucosa
Small flesh-covered or light brown growths that hang from the body by fine stalks. Benign and tend to enlarge with age.
General term used most commonly to describe a mushrrom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane. Have many cuases and aren't necessarily malignant.
"normal" scar left by a healed wound
Abnormally raised or thickened scar
Benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by a branching or lobular tumor
Benign tumor made up of mature fat cells.
Injury to tissues of the body caused by heat, flame, electricity, chemicals, or radiation.
First degree burn
Aka superficial burns- no blisters and only superficial damage to the epidermis
Second degree burn
Aka partial thickness burns. There are blisters and damage to the epidermis and dermis.
Third degree burn
Aka full thickness burns, in which the epidermis, corium and subcutaneous layers are damaged.
Removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cell debris from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing.
Incision and drainage
Involves incision a lesion, such as an abscess, and draining the contents
Chemabrasion, the use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin to treat acne scaring, fine wrinkling, and general keratoses
A form of abrasion involving the use of revolving wire brushes or sandpaper
The destruction of tissue for therapeutic purposes.
Destruction of tissue through the application of extreme cold
Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. Substance (solid, liquid, or gas) stimulated to emit light that is strengthened to a specific wavelength. Wavelength of beam is key to the laser's effect on tissue.
Aka bulbous nose. Overgrowth of skin and oil glands of the nose. Treated by using a carbon dioxide laser to reshape the nose by vaporizing the excess tissue.
Treated using short pulses of laser light to remove the birthmark. Treatment may require many sessions because only a small section is treated at a time
Done by using lasers that target particular colors
Lid lift; surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids.
Face lift; surgical removal of excess skin for the elimination of wrinkles.
Surgical removal of fat beneath the skin which the aid of suction.
Surgical removal of fat beneath the skin
Surgical procedure of taking tucks in a structure to shorten it.
Used in the treatment of spider veins, involving injection a sclerosing solution into the vein being treated. Irritates the tissue, causes swelling, and closes off the vein.