Clinical Psychology: Chapter 1
Terms in this set (21)
A person whose work with others involved aspects of treatment, education, and interpersonal issues.
(1907) first used clinical psychology in print
First Clinics were children with behavioral or educational problems
However applicable to all ages and with a variety of presenting problems
Integrates science, troy, and practice to understand, predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. It focuses on the intellectual emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the life span, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels
The Scientist-Practioner Boulder Model
1949, The first conference on graduate training in clinical psychology was held in Boulder, Colorado.
The Practitioner-Scholar (Vaii) model
1973, Another Clinical Psychology conference
PsyD was born
Emphasizing Clinical Skills
Clinical Scientist Model
Stressed the scientific side of clinical psychology more strongly than Boulder.
"Scientific clinical psychology is the only legitimate and acceptable form of clinical psychology..after all, what is the alternative? Does anyone seriously believe that a reliance on intuition and other unscientific methods is going to hasten advances in knowledge?"
1st President of APSS
Insiders Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
A valuable resource used by many applicants to learn about specific graduate programs in clinical psychology
Full year of supervised clinical experience in an applied setting
Takes place before PhD or PsyD is awarded
Required for licensure as a psychologist
Last 1-2 years
gives a professional the right to identify as a member of the profession; present oneself as a psychologist
Must pass EPPP)
Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology
a state-specified exam on laws and ethics
Multiple Choice on Broad range of psychology topics
Continuing Education Units
Required to renew the license from year to year
Where do Clinical Psychologist work?
Most Common: Private Practice
2nd most common: University
What to clinical psychologist do?
Foremost is psychotherapy
Clinical vs. Counseling
Clinical: work more with seriously disturbed clients ; hospitals and inpatient psychiatric units; Behaviorism; applications of psychology to medical settings
Counseling: where as counseling work more with "counsel" less pathological clients ; University ; humanistic/client-centered approach; vocational testing, career counseling
go to medical school; licensed Physicians
Allowed to prescribe medicine
Increasingly emphasize biological/pharmaceutical rather than "talk therapy" intervention
Psychiatrists vs. Clinical Psychology
Clinical: behavioral, cognitive, emotional, non-pharmacological methods
Psychiatrists:biological to an extreme extent such as depression, anxiety, ADD, ADHD, borderline personality disorder, etc. Fix the brain by prescribing medication.
interaction between an individual and the components of society that may contribute to or alleviate the individual's problems: Racism, Oppressive Gender Roles, Poverty Abuse, etc.
Welfare Agencies, disability offices, job-training sites
Earn a master's degree rather than a doctorate
Training emphasizes treatment and fieldwork over research or formalized assessment
Work in schools, but some may work in other settings such as day-care centers or correctional facilities
Enhance the intellectual, emotional, and social developmental lives of students
Conduct Psychological testing used to determine diagnoses such as learning disabilities and ADHD
Consult with adults in children's lives (e.g., teachers, staff, parents)
Earn a masters (Complete Training in 2 years)
Greenly involves counseling, with very little emphasis on psychological testing or conducting research
Specialize in career, school, addiction, couple/family, or college counseling