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National 3 Music Concepts
Concepts for National 3 music
Terms in this set (76)
Notes which sound louder than others
Other instrument(s) or voice(s) supports the main melody
An instrument with a keyboard played with the right hand and buttons (which play chords) pressed by the left hand.
A stringed instrument that is played by plucking or strumming the strings with fingers, or using a plectrum.
A slow tempo (speed).
A fast tempo (speed).
A short musical phrase that follows on from a 'question' phrase.
Notes that rise in pitch.
A musical instrument having a flexible bag inflated either by a tube with valves or by bellows, a double-reed melody pipe, and from one to four drone pipes.
The basic pulse you hear in music.
The sound produced by blowing into or across the mouthpiece of the instrument, eg brass, woodwind and recorders
Music that started as Black American folk music, developing from spirituals and work songs.
The sound produced by drawing the bow across the strings of a stringed instrument, eg violin or cello
A family of instruments made from metal with a mouthpiece, eg trumpet and euphonium
A group of singers who perform together
Two or more notes sounding together
The music gradually becomes louder.
A note that lasts for 1 beat.
Notes that fall in pitch.
The music gradually becomes quieter
A chord in which certain notes clash. In the 20th century, many composers used this in their music.
A note that last for 3 beats
A rhythmic decoration played on a drum kit.
A set of drums and cymbals often used in rock music and pop music
A guitar which requires an electric amplifier to produce sound
The tempo (speed) increases.
Another name for the violin, used in Scottish folk music
A group of two or more musicians who perform music in a traditional style, usually accompanied by guitars.
The sound of two or more notes made at the same time
The performer makes up music during the actual performance
At first this was music created by black Americans in the early 20th century.
Latin American Music
Dance music from South America
Jumping between notes which are not next to each other
The notes are played or sung smoothly.
Lines and Spaces of the Treble Clef
The system for writing music uses five lines, each with a different letter name
Music with a strong steady pulse with two or four beats in a bar.
A note that lasts for 2 beats.
A musical play which has speaking, singing and dancing and is performed on a stage.
The distance of 8 notes eg from C up to C.
Off the Beat
Notes played on the weaker beats, eg beats 2 and 4 in a 4/4 bar
On the Beat
Notes played on the stronger beats, eg beats 1 and 3 in a 4/4 bar.
An ensemble of instruments in four different families: strings, woodwind, brass and percussion.
A keyboard instrument usually found in churches. It usually has more than one keyboard, plus pedals that are played with the feet.
A short musical pattern repeated many times
A note or rest that is held longer than written
Instruments that are played by hitting, striking, shaking or scraping
PIano (p) (dynamics)
A keyboard instrument which produces sounds by hammers hitting strings
Sound made when you pluck the strings of a stringed instrument with a finger or fingers.
A style of popular music played by a group of musicians.
The basic beat in music.
An opening phrase which is often followed by an answer
A Scottish dance written in simple time with two or four beats in a bar
An exact repeat of a musical idea.
A repeated phrase usually found in jazz and popular music
A style of popular music with a heavy, driving beat. Usually features electric guitar, bass guitar and drum kit.
Rock 'n' Roll
1950s American music which grew from the combined styles of jazz, blues, gospel and country.
Each part sings or plays the same melody, entering one after the other. When they reach the end they start again
Music of Scotland.
Scottish Dance Band
A band which plays Scottish music for people to dance to
A note that lasts for four beats
A melodic phrase which is immediately repeated at a higher or lower pitch
The tempo (speed) decreases
One instrument or voice
The notes are short and detached.
A West Indian band whose instruments are made out of oil drums called pans. The top of each drum is hammered into panels to make different pitches
Moving up or down between notes which are next to each other
The sound is produced by hitting the instrument.
The family of instruments that includes the Violin, Viola, Cello, Double Bass and Harp
A finger, fingers or plectrum are drawn across the strings of an instrument, usually guitar.
There are no instruments playing in the background
Singing or playing the same notes at the same time
The human instrument used to speak or sing
A dance with three beats in a bar in simple time
Instruments which produce sounds by blowing across a hole, against an edge or through a single or double reed, eg flute, clarinet, saxophone, oboe and bassoon. They need not be made of wood.
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