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Questions about the styles, production, laws, and history of Madeira wine.
Terms in this set (23)
What makes Madeira such a long-lasting wine?
Fortification and the heating process.
What is a "poio?"
Small plots of vineyard land carved like stepped terraces. Most varietals used for Madeira are grown on poios.
What is the most common varietal used in the production of Madeira?
Tinta Negra Mole
Name the four styles of Madeira made from Tinta Negra Mole.
dry, medium-dry, medium-rich, rich. These are sold as three, five, and ten year old wines.
Name 6 of the "noble" Maderia varietals.
Sercial, Verdelho, Boal, Malvasia, Terrantez, Moscatel
What is an "estufa?"
Large tanks that heat and cool the wine very gradually, replicating the long sea voyages across the equator.
What is "estufagem?"
The process of heating and cooling Madeira wine gradually.
Describe the Canteiro system
A system of Madeirazation by storing casks near the roof of wine storage facilities to let the heat of the sun slowly heat the wine. Usually used for higher quality Madeiras.
T/F: High quality Madeira is always heated using an estufa.
False. The highest quality Madeira is heated using the Canteiro system.
T/F: A varietal Madeira wine must contain at least 85% of the stated varietal.
Name the style: The driest style of Madeira with a light amber color and almond aroma.
Name the style: Medium dry Madeira, darker than Sercial.
Name the style: A Medium sweet Madeira darker than both Sercial and Verdelho.
Bual or Boal
Name the style: Sweet Madeira made from Malvasia.
Name the style: Lighter style of Madeira first discovered when a heavy storm soaked casks in water.
What is another term for Vintage Madeira
T/F: A vintage or Frasquiera Madeira must contain at least 85% of the stated varietal
False. They must contain 100% of the stated varietal.
T/F: A vintage or Frasquiera Madeira must age at least 20 years in wood and 2 years in bottle.
Name the style: Madeira wine of a single varietal and single vintage aged in oak for at least 5 years.
Name the style: Maderia made from blended wines of at least 15 years of age.
Name the style: Madeira made from a blend of wines of at least 10 years aging in wood.
Special or Old Reserve
Name the style: Madeira wine made from a blend of wines of at least 5 years aging in wood.
Name the style: Madeira made from a blend of wines of at least 3 years aging, usually in tanks.
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